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85 Possible Causes for Focal Dystonia - Upper Limb, Myopathy

  • Muscle Spasm

    Occupational cramps - eg, writer's cramp or musician's cramp (focal dystonias, usually affecting the upper limb).[patient.info] .- ) muscular dystrophies and myopathies ( G71 - G72 ) myopathy in amyloidosis ( E85.- ) myopathy in polyarteritis nodosa ( M30.0 ) myopathy in rheumatoid arthritis ( M05.32[icd10data.com] Hyperthyroidism (associated with myopathy). Lead poisoning . Sarcoidosis . Hyperparathyroidism (hypercalcaemia). Heavy alcohol ingestion and cirrhosis .[patient.info]

  • Writer's Cramp

    Task-specific focal upper limb dystonia can be part of the phenotypic spectrum of different types of hereditary dystonia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Contents: Methods Results Discussion Writer's cramp is a focal dystonia characterized by involuntary muscle contractions in the upper limb when the patient writes, despite[blepharospasm.ca]

  • Muscle Cramp

    Occupational cramps - eg, writer's cramp or musician's cramp (focal dystonias, usually affecting the upper limb).[patient.info] Muscular system: Some myopathies (diseases that affect skeletal muscles); and Myotonia (temporary muscle stiffness or contraction).[myvmc.com] Hyperthyroidism (associated with myopathy). Lead poisoning. Sarcoidosis. Hyperparathyroidism (hypercalcaemia). Heavy alcohol ingestion and cirrhosis.[patient.info]

  • Nemaline Myopathy

    […] epilepsy syndrome Costello syndrome Crane-Heise syndrome Cranial nerve and nuclear aplasia Cranio-cervical dystonia with laryngeal and upper-limb involvement Craniodigital-intellectual[se-atlas.de] Nemaline myopathy is divided into six types.[ghr.nlm.nih.gov] It is the most common non-dystrophic myopathy."Myopathy" means muscle disease.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy Type 2J

    […] epilepsy syndrome Costello syndrome Crane-Heise syndrome Cranial nerve and nuclear aplasia Cranio-cervical dystonia with laryngeal and upper-limb involvement Craniodigital-intellectual[se-atlas.de] […] with early respiratory failure Tibial muscular dystrophy Childhood-onset nemaline myopathy Intermediate nemaline myopathy Severe congenital nemaline myopathy Typical nemaline[csbg.cnb.csic.es] An autosomal recessive degenerative myopathy (OMIM:608807) characterised by progressive weakness of the pelvic and shoulder girdle muscles.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Spasmodic Torticollis

    M.W Hayes and C Yiannikas, Treatment of upper limb dystonia with botulinum toxin, Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, 3, 2, (124), (1996).[doi.org] V L Soland, K P Bhatia and C D Marsden, Sex prevalence of focal dystonias., Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, 10.1136/jnnp.60.2.204, 60, 2, (204-205), (1996[doi.org]

  • Alpha-B Crystallinopathy

    […] epilepsy syndrome Costello syndrome Crane-Heise syndrome Cranial nerve and nuclear aplasia Cranio-cervical dystonia with laryngeal and upper-limb involvement Craniodigital-intellectual[se-atlas.de] Synonyms MYOPATHY, DESMIN-RELATED, ASSOCIATED WITH MUTATION IN THE CRYAB GENE ; MYOPATHY, MYOFIBRILLAR, 2 ; MYOPATHY, MYOFIBRILLAR, ALPHA-B CRYSTALLIN-RELATED ; MYOPATHY,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , chronic noninflammatory myopathy, and cytoplasmic body myopathy.[medlink.com]

  • Lower Motor Neuron Syndrome with Late-Adult Onset

    […] epilepsy syndrome Costello syndrome Crane-Heise syndrome Cranial nerve and nuclear aplasia Cranio-cervical dystonia with laryngeal and upper-limb involvement Craniodigital-intellectual[se-atlas.de] […] addresses the complete range of specific neuromuscular diseases: neuronopathies, peripheral neuropathies, neuromuscular junction disorders, muscle ion channel disorders, myopathies[books.google.com] Hyperthyroid myopathy Myotonia congenita Myotubular myopathy Nemaline myopathy Paramyotonia congenita Periodic paralysis-hypokalemic-hyperkalemic[hopkinsmedicine.org]

  • Myelocerebellar Disorder

    […] epilepsy syndrome Costello syndrome Crane-Heise syndrome Cranial nerve and nuclear aplasia Cranio-cervical dystonia with laryngeal and upper-limb involvement Craniodigital-intellectual[se-atlas.de] 1, Nemaline myopathy 2, Nemaline myopathy 3, Nemaline myopathy 4, Nemaline myopathy 5, Nemaline myopathy 6, NEMO mutation with immunodeficiency, Neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy[yumpu.com] […] acidosis and sideroblastic anemia Myopathy with lysis of myofibrils Myopathy, centronuclear Myopathy, desmin storage Myopathy, McArdle type Myopathy, myotubular Myopathy,[thefullwiki.org]

  • Adult-Onset Cervical Dystonia Type DYT23

    […] syndrome Cranio-cervical dystonia with laryngeal and upper-limb involvement Early-onset generalized limb-onset dystonia Focal, segmental or multifocal dystonia Generalized[se-atlas.de] COL6A1 Bethlem myopathy COL6A2 Bethlem myopathy type 1 COL6A3 Bethlem myopathy type 2 COL12A1 Borjeson-Forssman-Lehmann syndrome PHF6 Brody myopathy ATP2A1 Brunner syndrome[centogene.com] The clinical picture consisted of focal dystonia affecting the neck, laryngeal muscles, and upper limbs accompanied by 6-Hz dystonic tremor with or without superimposed myoclonus[neupsykey.com]

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