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108 Possible Causes for Focal Dystonia - Upper Limb, Type 2 EEG Response Parietooccipital Spikes Followed by Biphasic Slow-Waves

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    The most common signs and symptoms in descending order are: asymmetric limb rigidity (100%), upper limb apraxia (91%), gait difficulties (89%), stimulation-sensitive focal[neuroweb.us] […] myoclonus (88%), eye movement abnormalities (particularly in later stages supranuclear horizontal or vertical gaze saccadic palsy) (78%), limb dystonia (77%), pyramidal signs[neuroweb.us]

  • Epilepsy

    Contemporary drug therapy fails to control epileptic seizures in some 30% of patients, resulting in the need to employ other measures when they appear practicable. A good deal of potentially relevant statistical detail is available regarding the outcomes of the available antiepileptic therapies, but its interpretation[…][dx.doi.org]

    Missing: Focal Dystonia - Upper Limb
  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    ‘Contrary to popular folk belief, nothing should be placed in the mouth during the seizure. Severe injury could occur.’ Generalized tonic clonic seizures (grand mal seizures) are the most common and best known type of generalized seizure. They begin with stiffening of the limbs (the tonic phase), followed by jerking[…][epilepsynw.org]

    Missing: Focal Dystonia - Upper Limb
  • Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy

    Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy is a common form of epilepsy mainly characterized by myoclonic jerks, but affected individuals may also experience generalized tonic-clonic seizures and absence seizures. Symptom onset typically occurs around puberty and although the disease persists into adulthood, patients do respond[…][symptoma.com]

    Missing: Focal Dystonia - Upper Limb
  • West Syndrome

    IARS2 encodes isoleucine-tRNA synthetase, which is aclass-1 amino acyl-tRNA synthetase. IARS2 mutations are reported to cause Leigh syndrome or cataracts, growth hormone deficiency, sensory neuropathy, sensorineural hearing loss, and skeletal dysphasia syndrome (CAGSSS). To our knowledge, IARS2 mutations and[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Focal Dystonia - Upper Limb
  • Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy

    Tonic status epilepticus (TSE) in patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) is not well recognized. The objective of this study is to report episodes of TSE in patients with IGE. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical and EEG evaluation of three IGE patients who presented TSE. The three patients had mainly[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Focal Dystonia - Upper Limb
  • Myoclonic-Astatic Epilepsy

    Abstract The EEG of 38 patients suffering from primary generalized myoclonic astatic epilepsy since early childhood is studied in late stages of the disease. Spectral analysis shows that parietal 4-7 cps rhythms (theta rhythms) which are typical of the EEG in the early stages of the disorder can still exist in the[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Focal Dystonia - Upper Limb
  • Organic Brain Syndrome

    Abstract This study addresses the prevalence of organic brain syndrome (OBS) among long-term toluene-exposed rotagravure workers who are still working. The prevalence of OBS in 22 workers exposed to toluene for a minimum of 12 years and 19 unexposed control subjects, matched for age and employment status,[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Focal Dystonia - Upper Limb
  • Encephalopathy

    Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is an encephalopathy that can be clinically characterized by headache, altered mental status and/or seizures. Neuroimaging demonstrates usually reversible bilateral subcortical vasogenic occipital-parietal edema. Exact pathophysiology remains unclear but is commonly[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Focal Dystonia - Upper Limb
  • Juvenile Absence Epilepsy

    PURPOSE: The aim of this study to evaluate the hippocampal, frontal and thalamic lobe functions in the early stage of the juvenile absence epilepsy (JAE) by magnetic resonance proton spectroscopy (MRS). METHOD: Fourteen patients with juvenile absence epilepsy with typical absence seizures and 10 healthy volunteer[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Focal Dystonia - Upper Limb

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