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96 Possible Causes for Focal Episodic Abnormality

  • Epilepsy

    OBJECTIVE: To study seizure control and rates of foetal malformation in pregnancies of women with epilepsy treated with antiepileptic drug polytherapy. METHODS: The use of conventional statistical methods to analyse the Australian Pregnancy Register records of 1810 pregnancies in women with epilepsy, 508 treated[…][]

  • Syncope

    Neurologic exam should be normal in a patient with a true syncopal episode, and any focal abnormalities should be further investigated for a cerebrovascular accident.[] Cardiac exam may reveal a murmur such as the mid-systolic click of aortic stenosis or an abnormal rhythm such as atrial fibrillation.[]

  • Pallidopyramidal Syndrome

    […] generalized hypotonia Frontotemporal dementia Abnormal lower motor neuron morphology Visual hallucinations Focal dystonia Dyscalculia Motor neuron atrophy Extrapyramidal[] […] bladder Upgaze palsy Irritability Impulsivity Muscle stiffness Exercise intolerance Falls Ranula Proximal muscle weakness Tetraparesis Hypertonia Bipolar affective disorder Episodic[]

  • Meningitis

    During the clinical course, focal neurologic abnormalities were found in half the episodes ( Table 3 ); most were present on admission.[] Focal neurologic deficits (not including cranial-nerve abnormalities), a score of less than 10 on the Glasgow Coma Scale, or both were present in 313 of 696 episodes (45 percent[] , two abnormalities were identified.[]

  • Cerebral Neoplasm

    […] seizures Fixed visual changes Speech deficits Focal sensory abnormalities Onset of symptoms usually is insidious.[] However, an acute episode may occur with bleeding into the tumor, or when an intraventricular tumor suddenly occludes the third ventricle.[] […] any of the following: Headache Altered mental status Ataxia Nausea Vomiting Weakness Gait disturbance Central nervous system (CNS) neoplasms also may manifest as follows: Focal[]

  • Psychosis

    J’s GI and neurologic symptoms, a 24-hour urine test may be reasonable, particularly if he has had episodes of acute intermittent porphyria. Neuroimaging.[] Consider a scan when psychosis is comorbid with: age 40 neurologic complaints (such as headache, numbness, vertigo, seizures) focal neurologic findings (such as weakness,[] […] gait abnormality, clonus, or spasticity) confusion, cognitive deficit, history of malignancy head trauma immunocompromised state atypical psychotic symptoms (such as visual[]

  • Benign Familial Neonatal Epilepsy

    […] deviations or nystagmoid movements, and episodic changes in muscle tone.[] Neonatal seizures usually occur in reaction to a systemic or CNS event (eg, hypoxia/ischemia, stroke, hemorrhage, infection, metabolic disorder, structural brain abnormality[] Neonatal seizures are usually focal and may be difficult to recognize; common manifestations include migratory clonic jerks of extremities, chewing movements, persistent eye[]

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    Affected infants have learning disability and abnormal motor development. A significant proportion of individuals will also have focal seizures .[] Sleep allows the symptoms in an episode to resolve, however they may return 10-20 minutes after waking.[]

  • Chronic Daily Headaches

    Stroke-like episodes observed during the evaluation period were precisely defined as abrupt-onset focal neurological deficits confirmed by brain MRI abnormalities.[] […] during the trial period; (2) the number of attacks with focal neurological deficits with or without brain MRI abnormalities; (3) the levels of lactate, pyruvate and taurine[] […] secondary endpoints included the following: (1) the 50% responder rate defined as the percentage of patients achieving 50% or greater reduction in frequency of stroke-like episodes[]

  • Focal Onset Impaired Awareness Seizure

    Doctors generally classify seizures as either focal or generalized, based on how the abnormal brain activity begins.[] A seizure is a short episode of symptoms caused by a burst of abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Typically, a seizure lasts from a few seconds to a few minutes.[] In most cases, a person with epilepsy will tend to have the same type of seizure each time, so the symptoms will be similar from episode to episode.[]

Further symptoms