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218 Possible Causes for Focal Neurologic Deficit, Hemiplegia, MRI Scan of the Brain Abnormal

  • Stroke

    Awakening with or experiencing the abrupt onset of focal neurologic deficits is the hallmark of ischemic stroke diagnosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Specifically, this exploratory study investigates changes in gait pattern among stroke patients with hemiparesis or hemiplegia during gait recovery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] to identify abnormalities in the brain arteries (such as aneurysms) or other sources of bleeding, and structural MRI if this shows no cause.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Cerebral Embolism

    The patient came to the emergency department due to left-hemisphere focal neurological deficits with unknown time of onset. He was last seen to be asymptomatic at 9.30.[elsevier.es] About 3 months later, however, she developed left hemiplegia, and head magnetic resonance imaging revealed multiple tumorous lesions affecting the previously detected infracted[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The brain MRI, which was obtained 11 hours after presentation, showed multiple 4- to 5-mm foci of abnormal increase in T2 signal and decreased T1 signal intensity involving[pediatrics.aappublications.org]

  • Brain Abscess

    CONTENT: The triad of headache, fever and focal neurological deficit is complete in 20% of patients on admission.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The postoperative course was uneventful, but a slight left hemiplegia remained at discharge.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] MRI has higher resolution and can show early abnormalities better than CT.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Brain Neoplasm

    Neurological deficit and progressive, focal, or general headaches (in large tumours) are common. Tumours may also produce visible bony growth.[bestpractice.bmj.com] A brain tumor is the usual initial clinical and radiologic diagnostic impression in these patients, whose presenting symptoms include acute onset of hemiplegia, hemisensory[thefreelibrary.com] These let doctors see inside the brain and identify any areas that look abnormal. Although both are painless, they do require children to be still.[kidshealth.org]

  • Meningioma

    The patient was asymptomatic, without focal neurologic deficits. In 2016, the patient reported new-onset pain in the neck and left upper extremity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Although seizures and focal neurologic deficits are considered to be the most prevalent symptoms, depression also may be an important and significant sign.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms of a convexity meningioma are seizures, focal neurological deficits, or headaches.[brighamandwomens.org]

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

    However, as an initial manifestation, focal neurologic deficits other than the aforementioned or nonspecific generalized symptoms may lead to a misdiagnosis or a delayed diagnosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Semantic Scholar extracted view of "Language development in a group of children with spastic hemiplegia." by S Kastein et al. ...[scholarlibs.org] Other non-invasive tests can be very helpful, however: Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans may be done to look for atrophied (shrunken) brain[drugs.com]

  • Cerebral Toxoplasmosis

    Clinical symptoms including fever, headache, changes in mental status and focal neurological deficits were non-specific.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] - fever; focal weakness, seizures; if advanced, dull affect Lymphoma All of above and constitutional symptoms (night sweats, weight loss) PML Rapid neurologic decline (hemiplegia[learningradiology.com] Clinical manifestations include SEIZURES, altered mentation, headache, focal neurologic deficits, and INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION.[connects.catalyst.harvard.edu]

  • Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma

    A primary CNS lymphoma usually presents with seizure, headache, cranial nerve findings, altered mental status, or other focal neurological deficits typical of a mass effect[en.wikipedia.org] The most common presenting symptom is progressive focal neurologic deficit, which is seen in 70% of patients.[clinicaladvisor.com] In our case, the patient presented with focal neurological deficit with a history of recent dental procedure, use of long-term immunosuppressive therapy, and contrast rim-enhancing[hkmj.org]

  • Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

    Patients with HSE typically present with a prodrome of headaches and fever, followed by sudden focal neurological deficits and altered mental status.[amboss.com] She was febrile and drowsy with right sided hemiplegia and papilledema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Twelve patients (60%) had temporal lobe involvement, four patients (20%) had pure temporal lobe involvement and five patients (25%) had normal CT/MRI scans.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Subdural Hematoma

    Six percent of patients presented with radiculating pain without any focal neurological deficits.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In this case, we present a patient who presented to the pediatric emergency department with new-onset seizure and hemiplegia 2 days after a roller-coaster ride.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients whose CT scans reveal no abnormalities but who have clinical abnormalities on examination or significant symptomatic complaints may have abnormalities on brain MRI[doi.org]

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