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73 Possible Causes for Focal Seizure, Prominent Sulci

  • Leptomeningeal Metastasis

    Additionally, focal or generalized seizures, as well as meningism, may be reported. Neither of the aforementioned symptoms is specific for LM.[] The lesions were more prominent in the cerebellar sulci compared with in the cerebral sulci.[] seizures.[]

  • Rasmussen Syndrome

    She had a one-year history of intermittent focal seizures that were not controlled with antiepileptic medication.[] Axial T1 FLAIR MRI scan of the brain showing prominent sulci, dilated lateral ventricle, and hemiatrophy on the left. Figure 7 Figure 7: Rasmussen Encephalitis.[] Rasmussen syndrome (RS) is a clinical diagnosis characterized by persistent focal seizures in a previously healthy child.[]

  • Postictal State

    Dysfunction can occur after focal seizures, and the feature of the postictal symptoms depend on the area of the brain involved in the seizure.[] Ventricles, sulci and cisterns were mildly prominent for age and there was mild cerebral cortical volume loss.[] Focal seizures such as simple partial seizures will often have a short postictal period, lasting only a few minutes.[]

  • Hemimegalencephaly

    An 11-year-old boy developed drug-resistant focal seizures on the fifth day of life. MRI revealed left hemimegalencephaly.[] At first impression it appears to be left Hemiatrophy due to prominence of left hemispheric cortical sulci. But..[] Before a focal seizure, you may have an aura, or signs that a seizure is about to occur. This is more common with a complex focal seizure.[]

  • Cerebral Cortical Atrophy

    Learn more about how to achieve it with Mendelian Learn more Other signs and symptoms that you may find interesting Intrauterine growth retardation and Focal seizures, related[] Imaging wise feature of cerebral cortical atrophy Generalized prominence of hemisphere cortical sulci on CT or MRI in mild cases.[] Generalized atrophy refers to neuron loss throughout the entire brain, and focal atrophy refers to neuron loss in a specific brain region.[]

  • Meningoencephalitis

    In our literature search we found only one case where focal seizures were noted in which the patient had typical presentation with rash [6].[] MRI of the brain showed some effacement of cortical sulci, rendering the vessels prominent, with increased T2-weighted signal diffusely scattered throughout both hemispheres[] […] neurological deficits or generalized seizures.[]

  • Pyridoxine Dependency Syndrome

    Seizure types include focal motor seizures, asymmetric tonic or clonic seizures, and epileptic spasms.[] C T scan showed prominent cerebral sulci and interhemispheric fissure but n o anomalies or calcification.[] […] or unilateral seizures, often with partial preservation of consciousness; and ( iv ) irritability, restlessness, crying and vomiting preceding the actual seizures(8).[]

  • Proteus

    Seizures. Persistent proteinuria. Primary glomerular causes Focal segmental glomerulonephritis. IgA nephropathy (ie Berger's disease). IgM nephropathy.[] True CCTNs are firm and have a distinct pattern resembling the brain's sulci and gyri (hence the term "cerebriform").[] They should not be confused with prominent plantar or palmar wrinkling seen in other forms of overgrowth (see Sapp et al [2007] for photographic examples of lesions with similar[]

  • Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis

    An 11-month-old boy presented with focal seizures, myoclonic jerks and altered sensorium of one month duration, with a history of measles at eight months of age.[] They can range from hyperintensities in the parietal and occipital region, brain stem lesions, and marked atrophy, causing prominence of sulci.[] CONCLUSION: Atypical SSPE presentation can include mainly focal intractable seizures. Epilepsy developed during clinical course in 52.6% cases.[]

  • Acquired Porencephaly

    Intracranial arachnoid cysts usually occur adjacent to arachnoidal cistern and may present with hydrocephalus; headache; seizures; and focal neurologic signs.[] […] cortical sulci and dilated extra-axial cerebrospinal fluid spaces.[] Patients present with headache, mental status change, nausea, vomiting, focal deficits, and seizures.[]

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