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772 Possible Causes for Folic Acid Decreased, Melanin Dispersion in Iris, Transillumination of the Iris

  • Exfoliation Syndrome

    The melanin dispersion is from atrophy of the iris pigment epithelium. Actual pseudoexfoliative material may be noted on the TM.[eyewiki.aao.org] Furthermore, prominent concentric, circular iris transillumination (grade 3) was only observed in XFS.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Other clinical signs associated with exfoliation syndrome are pigment dispersion, transillumination defects of the iris and reduced response to mydriatics.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pseudoexfoliation Syndrome

    Peripapillary atrophy and iris sphincter region transillumination Melanin dispersion associated with pupillary dilation Poor mydriasis, asymmetric pupil sizes Melanin dispersion[optometricmanagement.com] Loss of iris pigment and its deposition throughout the anterior segment are refl ected in iris sphincter region transillumination defects, loss of the pupillary ruff, pigment[tmj.ro] Diet The use of supplements with vitamin B-12 and folic acid to decrease hyperhomocysteinemia in patients at risk has been suggested.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Alcohol Abuse

    Sex differences in patterns of drinking and rates of alcohol abuse and dependence begin to emerge during the transition from late puberty to young adulthood. Increases in pubertal hormones, including gonadal and stress hormones, are a prominent developmental feature of adolescence and could contribute to the[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Melanin Dispersion in Iris Transillumination of the Iris
  • Third Trimester Pregnancy

    The concomitant phenomenon of a third trimester pregnancy with a significant degree of pelvic organ prolapse is extremely rare. We report on a patient with pelvic organ prolapse complicating third trimester pregnancy treated by concomitant cesarean hysterectomy and abdominal sacrocolpopexy. A 30-year-old woman,[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Melanin Dispersion in Iris Transillumination of the Iris
  • Chronic Alcoholism

    The concept of "structural plasticity" has emerged as a potential mechanism in neurodegenerative and psychiatric diseases such as drug abuse, depression, and dementia. Chronic alcoholism is a progressive neurodegenerative disease while the person continues to abuse alcohol, though clinical and imaging studies show[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Melanin Dispersion in Iris Transillumination of the Iris
  • Hereditary Spherocytosis

    […] bone marrow compensation Need for continuous tranfusions decreases to 30% after first year of life Splenectomy Decision to proceed with splenectomy must take into account[pedclerk.bsd.uchicago.edu] acid and splenectomy, the surgical removal of the spleen.[en.wikipedia.org] acid and splenectomy, [6] the surgical removal of the spleen.[en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Melanin Dispersion in Iris Transillumination of the Iris
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease Type 1

    Doctors prescribe folic acid to decrease the side effects of methotrexate. Cyclosporine is given by injection in high doses.[msdmanuals.com] Folic acid can reduce the risk of liver toxicity. Infliximab has been linked to acute liver injury in addition to reactivation of hepatitis B. C.[clinicaladvisor.com] The effect is dose related and it is unaffected by supplemental folic acid. 172– 177 11.3 Influence of disease activity on the course and outcome of pregnancy ECCO Statement[dx.doi.org]

    Missing: Melanin Dispersion in Iris Transillumination of the Iris
  • Celiac Disease

    Patients should also be evaluated for osteoporosis, thyroid dysfunction, and deficiencies in folic acid, vitamin B12, fat-soluble vitamins, and iron, and treated appropriately[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This may lead to deficiencies in vitamins (such as folic acid) and minerals (e.g. iron and calcium).[coeliac.org.nz] Severe folic-acid deficiency can result in a decrease in both leukocytes and platelets and even manifest as severe pancytopenia.[bloodjournal.org]

    Missing: Melanin Dispersion in Iris Transillumination of the Iris
  • Malabsorption Syndrome

    Growth retardation, failure to thrive, delayed puberty in children Swelling or oedema from loss of protein Anaemias, commonly from vitamin B12, folic acid and iron deficiency[en.wikipedia.org] Muscle cramp from decreased vitamin D, calcium absorption.[en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Melanin Dispersion in Iris Transillumination of the Iris
  • Folate-Deficiency Anemia

    Folic acid might decrease the effectiveness of pyrimethamine (Daraprim) for treating parasite infections. Dosing considerations for Folic Acid.[emedicinehealth.com] acid supplement for at least two to three months, in addition to eating foods high in folic acid and decreasing alcohol intake.[medcentral.org] Low levels of folic acid (also called folate) in the body decrease production of red blood cells and cause folic acid deficiency anemia.[medicalrecords.com]

    Missing: Melanin Dispersion in Iris Transillumination of the Iris

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