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574 Possible Causes for Folic Acid Decreased, Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy

  • Tropical Sprue

    Furthermore, EME identified patchy areas of partial villous atrophy in 16 patients (5 CD and 11 TS) in whom standard endoscopy was normal.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] EME could help identify patchy areas of partial mucosal atrophy, potentially reducing the need for blind biopsies.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CONCLUSIONS: EME identifies 3 characteristic endoscopic patterns that correlate with the presence of villous atrophy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Alcohol Abuse

    Alcohol abuse encompasses a spectrum of unhealthy alcohol drinking behaviors, ranging from binge drinking to alcohol dependence. Alcohol abuse was a psychiatric diagnosis in the DSM-IV, and has been merged with alcohol dependence into alcohol use disorder in the DSM-5.Globally, alcohol consumption is the seventh[…][en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy
  • Third Trimester Pregnancy

    OBJECTIVES: A proper implantation of trophoblastic cells and an appropriate metalloproteinases activity is required to cause disintegration of basal membranes of cells. The activity of tissue matrix metaloproteinases can be inhibited by their matrix inhibitors - TIMP-s. Survivin is a member of inhibitor of apoptosis[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy
  • Chronic Alcoholism

    Chronic alcoholism is a highly prevalent and disabling condition, characterized by high rates of morbidity as well as early mortality due to excessive ethanol consumption. The clinical spectrum of chronic alcoholism is an unusual paradox for clinicians. Alcohol use in humans has continued for millennia and moderate[…][symptoma.com]

    Missing: Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy
  • Exfoliation Syndrome

    This article is about the eye ailment. For the plastic-based plumbing pipe, see PEX. Pseudoexfoliation syndrome Other names pseudoexfoliation of the lens, exfoliation syndrome Specialty Ophthalmology Pseudoexfoliation syndrome, often abbreviated as PEX [1] and sometimes as PES or PXS, is an aging-related systemic[…][en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy
  • Hereditary Spherocytosis

    […] bone marrow compensation Need for continuous tranfusions decreases to 30% after first year of life Splenectomy Decision to proceed with splenectomy must take into account[pedclerk.bsd.uchicago.edu] acid and splenectomy, the surgical removal of the spleen.[en.wikipedia.org] acid and splenectomy, [6] the surgical removal of the spleen.[en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy
  • Crohn's Disease

    Doctors prescribe folic acid to decrease the side effects of methotrexate. Cyclosporine is given by injection in high doses.[msdmanuals.com] Folic acid can reduce the risk of liver toxicity. Infliximab has been linked to acute liver injury in addition to reactivation of hepatitis B. C.[clinicaladvisor.com] The effect is dose related and it is unaffected by supplemental folic acid. 172– 177 11.3 Influence of disease activity on the course and outcome of pregnancy ECCO Statement[dx.doi.org]

    Missing: Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy
  • Celiac Disease

    Patients should also be evaluated for osteoporosis, thyroid dysfunction, and deficiencies in folic acid, vitamin B12, fat-soluble vitamins, and iron, and treated appropriately[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This may lead to deficiencies in vitamins (such as folic acid) and minerals (e.g. iron and calcium).[coeliac.org.nz] Severe folic-acid deficiency can result in a decrease in both leukocytes and platelets and even manifest as severe pancytopenia.[bloodjournal.org]

    Missing: Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy
  • Malabsorption Syndrome

    Growth retardation, failure to thrive, delayed puberty in children Swelling or oedema from loss of protein Anaemias, commonly from vitamin B12, folic acid and iron deficiency[en.wikipedia.org] Muscle cramp from decreased vitamin D, calcium absorption.[en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy
  • Fetal Malnutrition

    OBJECTIVE: Use of clinical assessment of nutrition status (CAN) score to assess the prevalence of fetal malnutrition among term newborns and to compare other anthropometric criteria used to assess fetal growth. METHODS: Prospective study of 529 term healthy newborns assessed using CAN score. Complete[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy

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