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51 Possible Causes for Forefoot Adduction

  • Congenital Clubfoot

    adduction.[] The feet were assessed both clinically and radiologically; a satisfactory result was obtained in 17 feet inspite of residual deformity of forefoot adduction.[] Seventeen feet in 15 patients had residual forefoot adduction at the time of followup.[]

  • Congenital Metatarsus Varus

    Abstract Adduction of the forefoot diagnosed in the young child generally corrects spontaneously.[] Summary Adduction of the forefoot diagnosed in the young child generally corrects spontaneously.[] Resistant forefoot adduction is usually combined with a degree of supination of the forefoot and described as congenital metatarsus varus.[]

  • Talipes Cavus

    This is often seen with the varus and forefoot adduction deformities present in pes cavovarus.[] The posterior tibialis pulls harder than the weak peroneus brevis causing forefoot adduction.[] With cavovarus foot there is forefoot adduction and hindfoot varus, which produces a relative external rotation of the tibiotalar and subtalar joint, causing the longitudinal[]

  • Pes Planus

    Radiologic measurements included talo-calcaneal angle (TCA), talometatarsal angle (TMA), calcaneal pitch, and forefoot adduction on simple X-ray, and femoral anteversion,[] During casting, the clubfoot should be manipulated from distal to proximal, beginning by first correcting the forefoot adduction and varus.[]

  • Foot Deformity

    Small soft tissue tears in the sinus tarsi may have led to a mild reflexive increase of the muscle tone and tendon shortening, which pulled the forefoot into adduction and[] Examination demonstrates a hindfoot in varus, a forefoot that is adducted, and an ankle in equinus.[] Introduction Deformity characterized by cavus (elevated longitudinal arch) plantarflexion of the 1st ray and forefoot pronation hindfoot varus forefoot adduction Epidemiology[]

  • Metatarsal Fracture

    adduction with plantarflexion Zone 3 fractures Stress related, repetitive cyclic loading Prodromal Sx Often diagnosed late Shaft fractures Often spiral oblique Rotational[] They result from vertical and mediolateral forces, often with the foot in plantarflexion and the forefoot adducted.[] This fracture is a result of tensile stress along the lateral border of the metatarsal during adduction or inversion of the forefoot.[]

  • Internal Tibial Torsion

    In about 15% of cases, the adducted position of the forefoot does not improve. In fact, the deformity becomes less flexible.[] The heel-bisector angle This is the line drawn through the midline axis of the hindfoot and the forefoot. It is helpful in evaluating forefoot adduction and abduction.[] Examination reveals adduction of the forefoot with a convex lateral border. The ankle has normal motion.[]

  • Congenital Vertical Talus

    .  The second step is lengthening of the toe extensors and peroneals which aids in improving ankle plantar flexion and forefoot adduction.[] […] into plantar flexion, inversion and adduction[] Pitfalls  Kinematics and pathoanatomy of deformity  Failure to obtain maximum hindfoot varus,forefoot adduction in the last cast  b/k cast application- a toe to groin cast[]

  • Sprengel's Deformity

    Adduction 762 78 Plantar Release and First Metatarsal Osteotomy for Cavus Foot 769 79 Dorsal Tarsal Wedge Osteotomy for Cavus Deformity 776 710 Triple Arthrodesis 784 711[] 742 75 Osteotomy of Calcaneus for Valgus 747 76 Calcaneal Lengthening Osteotomy for the Treatment of Hindfoot Valgus Deformity 753 77 Double Tarsal Osteotomy to Correct Forefoot[]

  • Talipes Calcaneovalgus

    adduction deformity: - in the report by Lourenco AF, et al, the author performed a closing wedge osteotomy of the cuboid and opening wedge osteotomy of the medial cuneiform[] […] laterally) metatarsus varus (inversion and adduction of the forefoot alone) It carries an estimated incidence of 0.5-5% of live births 4.[] In adulthood there may be residual adduction of the forefoot, shortening of the Achilles tendon and a small foot.[]

Further symptoms