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318 Possible Causes for Frontal Focal Spike-and-Slow-Waves, Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia, Paroxysmal Activity - Spikes Frontal Bilaterally

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    hypoplasia-hydranencephaly syndrome Multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency Multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency, mild type Multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency[orpha.net] Multiloculated renal cyst Multiminicore disease Multiminicore myopathy Multinodular goiter-cystic kidney-polydactyly syndrome Multinucleated neurons-anhydramnios-renal dysplasia-cerebellar[orpha.net]

  • West Syndrome

    Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed mild cerebral and cerebellar atrophy, high-signal-intensity areas in the white matter, and hypoplasia of the corpus callosum[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Epilepsy

    Transient outbreaks of spike-slow complex waves (1-2 s) were also noted in all leads.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Neuroimaging studies were unremarkable and electroencephalograms showed high voltage 200-400uV, 2-2.5 Hz generalized spike-and-waves and polyspikes with alternating frontal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The diagnosis of frontal lobe epilepsy (generalized tonic-clonic seizures secondary to focal impaired awareness seizures and myoclonus) was made.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia
  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    ‘Contrary to popular folk belief, nothing should be placed in the mouth during the seizure. Severe injury could occur.’ Generalized tonic clonic seizures (grand mal seizures) are the most common and best known type of generalized seizure. They begin with stiffening of the limbs (the tonic phase), followed by jerking[…][epilepsynw.org]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia
  • Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy

    Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is a type of epilepsy that starts in in childhood or the teen years. People who have it wake up from sleep with quick, jerking movements of their arms and legs. These are called myoclonic jerks. Even if you don’t have epilepsy, you’ve probably had these jerks that jolt you awake,[…][webmd.com]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia
  • Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy

    Tonic status epilepticus (TSE) in patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) is not well recognized. The objective of this study is to report episodes of TSE in patients with IGE. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical and EEG evaluation of three IGE patients who presented TSE. The three patients had mainly[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia
  • Juvenile Absence Epilepsy

    Focal discharges were more frequent in the frontal regions 19,25. They may be isolated spikes, sharp waves, slow waves, or spike-and-wave complexes 7,16,21.[scielo.br] In addition, the clinician may find slow sharp waves, bursts of slow waves, groups of sharp waves, groups of spikes, and a fast rhythm 25.[scielo.br]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia
  • Organic Brain Syndrome

    Abstract This study addresses the prevalence of organic brain syndrome (OBS) among long-term toluene-exposed rotagravure workers who are still working. The prevalence of OBS in 22 workers exposed to toluene for a minimum of 12 years and 19 unexposed control subjects, matched for age and employment status,[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia
  • Encephalopathy

    Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is an encephalopathy that can be clinically characterized by headache, altered mental status and/or seizures. Neuroimaging demonstrates usually reversible bilateral subcortical vasogenic occipital-parietal edema. Exact pathophysiology remains unclear but is commonly[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia
  • Uremic Encephalopathy

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Uremic encephalopathy is a metabolic disorder in patients with renal failure. The purpose of this study was to describe the MR imaging findings of uremic encephalopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed MR imaging findings in 10 patients with clinically proved uremic[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia