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16 Possible Causes for Frontal Focal Spike-and-Slow-Waves, Paroxysmal Activity - Spikes Temporal Bilaterally

  • Epilepsy

    Transient outbreaks of spike-slow complex waves (1-2 s) were also noted in all leads.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Neuroimaging studies were unremarkable and electroencephalograms showed high voltage 200-400uV, 2-2.5 Hz generalized spike-and-waves and polyspikes with alternating frontal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The diagnosis of frontal lobe epilepsy (generalized tonic-clonic seizures secondary to focal impaired awareness seizures and myoclonus) was made.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    Onset usually occurs in the second decade. Generalised tonic clonic seizures (GTCS) can occur at any time with majority in the early morning often precipitated by sleep deprivation and other external factors. The EEG shows generalised spike and wave discharges of 3 to 4 Hz and some with photic sensitivity. This is[…][pennsw.com.au]

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    OBJECTIVE: The pathogenesis of benign adult familial myoclonic epilepsy (BAFME) remains unknown, although cerebellar pathologic changes and brain hyperexcitability have been reported. We used resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine the functional connectivity between the cerebellum and[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy

    Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy is a condition characterized by recurrent seizures (epilepsy). This condition begins in childhood or adolescence, usually between ages 12 and 18, and lasts into adulthood. The most common type of seizure in people with this condition is myoclonic seizures, which cause rapid, uncontrolled muscle[…][ghr.nlm.nih.gov]

  • West Syndrome

    […] by Michael Wong, MD, PhD Dr. Wong is an Assistant Professor of Neurology at Washington University School of Medicine and an epileptologist in the Pediatric Epilepsy Center at St. Louis Children's Hospital. Introduction In 1841, West originally reported infantile spasms as an unusual and severe form of convulsions[…][web.archive.org]

  • Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy

    Idiopathic photosensitive occipital lobe epilepsy (IPOE) is a syndrome that should be suspected in patients with seizures with occipital semiology, photosensitivity, and normal MRI. It should be distinguished from occipital epilepsy of unknown aetiology (cryptogenic) given the differences in management. We reviewed[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Juvenile Absence Epilepsy

    Focal discharges were more frequent in the frontal regions 19,25. They may be isolated spikes, sharp waves, slow waves, or spike-and-wave complexes 7,16,21.[scielo.br] In addition, the clinician may find slow sharp waves, bursts of slow waves, groups of sharp waves, groups of spikes, and a fast rhythm 25.[scielo.br]

  • Organic Brain Syndrome

    An organic brain syndrome ( OBS ), also known as an organic brain disease/disorder ( OBD ), an organic mental syndrome ( OMS ), or an organic mental disorder ( OMD ), is a syndrome or disorder of mental function whose cause is alleged to be known as organic ( physiologic ) rather than purely of the mind. These[…][en.wikipedia.org]

  • Encephalopathy

    Eclampsia, an obstetric emergency frequently seen in pregnant or puerperal women, is a risk factor for posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES). Most cases of eclampsia occur postpartum. We report a woman with PRES associated with eclampsia 10 weeks post-delivery, the latest onset ever reported. A[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Uremic Encephalopathy

    Uremic encephalopathy is a complication of renal failure leading to cerebral dysfunction. It is characterized by nausea, vomiting, lethargy and disorientation in the initial stages progressing to delirium, seizures and later coma, if untreated. Diagnosis is based on clinical signs, cognitive tests, renal function tests,[…][symptoma.com]

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