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69 Possible Causes for Frontal Focal Spike-and-Slow-Waves, Paroxysmal Activity - Spikes Temporal Bilaterally, Small Hippocampi

  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    Simple Partial Seizures Simple partial seizures only affect a small part of the brain, usually the temporal lobes or hippocampi, and are usually brief in duration, lasting[efmny.org]

  • Epilepsy

    Transient outbreaks of spike-slow complex waves (1-2 s) were also noted in all leads.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Neuroimaging studies were unremarkable and electroencephalograms showed high voltage 200-400uV, 2-2.5 Hz generalized spike-and-waves and polyspikes with alternating frontal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The diagnosis of frontal lobe epilepsy (generalized tonic-clonic seizures secondary to focal impaired awareness seizures and myoclonus) was made.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    Abstract Benign adult familial myoclonic epilepsy (BAFME) has been mapped to chromosome 8q23.3-q24.1, 2p11.1-q12.1, 5p15.31-p15.1, and 3q26.32-3q28, in Japanese, Italian, Thai, and French pedigrees, respectively. Recently, we investigated a Chinese BAFME family. Clinical and electrophysiological studies revealed that nine[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy

    History Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is diagnosed on the basis of clinical findings. Video-electroencephalography (EEG) monitoring of typical seizures is the criterion standard, but in the great majority of patients, a working diagnosis of probable JME is made on the basis of the clinical history, often with[…][emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • West Syndrome

    IARS2 encodes isoleucine-tRNA synthetase, which is aclass-1 amino acyl-tRNA synthetase. IARS2 mutations are reported to cause Leigh syndrome or cataracts, growth hormone deficiency, sensory neuropathy, sensorineural hearing loss, and skeletal dysphasia syndrome (CAGSSS). To our knowledge, IARS2 mutations and[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy

    Epilepsia. 2012 Dec;53(12):2079-90. doi: 10.1111/j.1528-1167.2012.03723.x. Epub 2012 Oct 25. Author information 1 Department of Medicine, St. Vincent's Hospital, The University of Melbourne, Victoria Parade, Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia. udaya.seneviratne@svhm.org.au Abstract Prognosis describes the trajectory and long-term[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Juvenile Absence Epilepsy

    Focal discharges were more frequent in the frontal regions 19,25. They may be isolated spikes, sharp waves, slow waves, or spike-and-wave complexes 7,16,21.[scielo.br] In addition, the clinician may find slow sharp waves, bursts of slow waves, groups of sharp waves, groups of spikes, and a fast rhythm 25.[scielo.br]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Organic Brain Syndrome

    Abstract This study addresses the prevalence of organic brain syndrome (OBS) among long-term toluene-exposed rotagravure workers who are still working. The prevalence of OBS in 22 workers exposed to toluene for a minimum of 12 years and 19 unexposed control subjects, matched for age and employment status,[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Encephalopathy

    Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is an encephalopathy that can be clinically characterized by headache, altered mental status and/or seizures. Neuroimaging demonstrates usually reversible bilateral subcortical vasogenic occipital-parietal edema. Exact pathophysiology remains unclear but is commonly[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Uremic Encephalopathy

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Uremic encephalopathy is a metabolic disorder in patients with renal failure. The purpose of this study was to describe the MR imaging findings of uremic encephalopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed MR imaging findings in 10 patients with clinically proved uremic[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi