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1,226 Possible Causes for Frontal Focal Spikes, Small Hippocampi, Visual Hallucination

  • Epilepsy

    The diagnosis of frontal lobe epilepsy (generalized tonic-clonic seizures secondary to focal impaired awareness seizures and myoclonus) was made.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , such as blindness, visual hallucinations, illusions, and distorted scenery like macropsia, where everything surrounding you seems larger than normal.[verywell.com] Neuroimaging studies were unremarkable and electroencephalograms showed high voltage 200-400uV, 2-2.5 Hz generalized spike-and-waves and polyspikes with alternating frontal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Organic Brain Syndrome

    Visual hallucinations in consultation-liaison neuropsychiatry . Acta Neuropsychiatrica, Vol. 19, Issue. 06, p. 330.[cambridge.org] Cross-tabulations reported p 0.919, p 0.770, p 0.336 respectively for visual hallucinations, auditory hallucinations and delusions. E.[annals-general-psychiatry.biomedcentral.com] Visual hallucinations predominated the clinical picture in contrast to auditory hallucinations and delusions, but again did not vary in their occurrence between both varieties[annals-general-psychiatry.biomedcentral.com]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    Simple Partial Seizures Simple partial seizures only affect a small part of the brain, usually the temporal lobes or hippocampi, and are usually brief in duration, lasting[efmny.org] Virtually any movement, sensory, or emotional symptom can occur as part of a partial seizure, including complex visual or auditory hallucinations.[epilepsywisconsin.org] Jacksonian march (“march of convulsions”): progressive involvement of muscle groups Sensory and psychiatric symptoms Visual (e.g., hallucinations , micropsia, macropsia) Somatic[amboss.com]

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    […] childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spike -childhood epilepsy with occipital paroxysms Generalized epilepsies & synd.[enotes.tripod.com] Ictal amaurosis, blindness or severe blurring of vision, limited to one hemifield, quadrant, or involving the entire visual field, may follow the visual hallucinations but[epilepsyontario.org] For example, a focal aware seizure from the back of the brain (occipital lobe) may cause a visual hallucination, while a seizure from the side of the brain (temporal lobe)[mountsinai.org]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

    The control of water movement is achieved through a family of small integral membrane channel proteins called aquaporins (AQPs).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In a study published this week in Medical Humanities, the authors feel that temporal lobe epilepsy is a more likely explanation as it can produce complex visual hallucinations[medicalnewstoday.com] These visual illusions differ from the visual hallucinations associated with occipital lobe seizure in that there is no formed visual image.[patient.info]

    Missing: Frontal Focal Spikes
  • Focal Onset Impaired Awareness Seizure

    […] region of the brain, often the temporal lobes or structures found there such as the hippocampi.[en.wikipedia.org] BACKGROUND: A complex partial seizure can cause a variety of visual system signs and symptoms, including visual hallucinations, dilated pupils, and changes in vision.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] generalized seizure is one that involves both sides of the brain from the onset). [6] Focal aware seizure [ edit ] Focal aware seizures are seizures which affect only a small[en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Frontal Focal Spikes
  • Panayiotopoulos Syndrome

    Later, three children also had focal spikes during sleep, which were occipital in one, frontal in one, and temporo-occipital in the remaining patient.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Complex visual hallucinations, visual illusions and other symptoms resulting from more anterior ictal spreading rarely occur from the start.[en.wikipedia.org] Some of the anterior and the posterior spikes remained focal or showed little spread, but others appeared to propagate to the opposite direction (occipital to frontal and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Encephalopathy

    *Frontal dominance (FIRDA) --non specific ,diffuse encephalopathy, if focal ?[slideshare.net] He had started to experience visual hallucinations 3 days before presentation and zonisamide had been weaned.[pediatrics.aappublications.org] It can cause paranoid and grandiose delusions, agitation, hallucinations (visual and auditory), bizarre behavior, fear, short-term memory loss, and confusion.HIV encephalopathy[en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Juvenile Absence Epilepsy

    Interictal and ictal EEG is characterized by focal generalized spike-wave discharge occasionally prominent in the frontal region.[1pdf.net] Twenty-five percent of 20 unrelated photosensitive JME patients had prolonged visual hallucinations and/or conscious head version.[academic.oup.com] Focal discharges were more frequent in the frontal regions 19,25. They may be isolated spikes, sharp waves, slow waves, or spike-and-wave complexes 7,16,21.[scielo.br]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Uremic Encephalopathy

    In the late stages of uraemic encephalopathy the patient may be delirious, with visual hallucinations, disorientation, and agitation which evolve into torpor, preterminal[jnnp.bmj.com] It can cause paranoid and grandiose delusions , agitation, hallucinations (visual and auditory), bizarre behavior, fear, short-term memory loss , and confusion. [6] HIV encephalopathy[en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi

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