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57 Possible Causes for Frothy or Foamy Urine, Hypovolemia, Iron Decreased, Vitamin B12 Increased

  • Nephrotic Syndrome

    Other common effects include anemia, foamy urine, frothy urine, and shortness of breath.[disability-benefits-help.org] There is evidence pointing to a decrease of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in a subgroup of nephrotic children, likely secondary to hypovolemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hepcidin regulates systemic iron homeostasis by causing the internalization and degradation of ferroportin, resulting in decreased iron absorption in the small intestine,[link.springer.com] Diagnosis of nephrotic syndrome Diagnosing nephrotic syndrome involves a number of tests, including: urine tests – excessive protein makes the urine appear frothy and foamy[betterhealth.vic.gov.au]

    Missing: Vitamin B12 Increased
  • Iron Deficiency Anemia

    Background Iron deficiency is defined as a decreased total iron body content.[emedicine.medscape.com] In iron depletion, the total stored iron, serum ferritin concentration, is decreased, but the amount of transport iron remains normal.[symptoma.com] Absolute ID/IDA, i.e. the decrease of total body iron, is easily diagnosed based on decreased levels of serum ferritin and transferrin saturation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The serum iron decreased, followed by an increase in the total iron-binding capacity.[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Frothy or Foamy Urine
  • Portal Cirrhosis

    Portal hypertension seems to be the common denominator in the circulatory disturbances seen in cirrhotics [ 7 ], and the resulting relative hypovolemia plays a significant[omicsonline.org] ., spontaneous bacterial peritonitis ) Gastrointestinal bleeding Constipation Portal vein thrombosis Hypovolemia /exsiccosis and electrolyte disturbances ( hypokalemia , hyponatremia[amboss.com] TIPS has been found to be effective in the management of hepatorenal syndrome, since it may result in relieving portal hypertension and correction of the systemic hypovolemia[omicsonline.org]

    Missing: Frothy or Foamy Urine
  • Microangiopathic Hemolytic Anemia

    Creatinine levels rose to 2.0 mg/dL, thought due to hypovolemia, and intravenous fluids were increased.[mjhid.org] Increased red cell production: Increased reticulocytosis: may also be due to blood loss or a bone marrow response to iron, vitamin B12 or folate deficiencies.[patient.info] […] number of erythrocytes. hypochromic microcytic anemia any anemia with microcytes that are hypochromic (reduced in size and in hemoglobin content); the most common type is iron[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] […] information led to other differential diagnoses, including fever from atelectasis or SIRS, with elevated fibrinogen as in acute phase reaction; renal insufficiency from hypovolemia[mjhid.org]

    Missing: Frothy or Foamy Urine
  • Nitroprusside

    B12) Elimination – thiocyanate & cyanocobalamin - urine, t1/2 of thiocyanate 3 days EVIDENCE Major issue – liability to cyanide toxicity risk increased by hypothermia, malnutrition[lifeinthefastlane.com] Tolerance to blood loss, anemia and hypovolemia may be diminished.[rxmed.com] […] oxygen species (ROS), and decreasing Ca(2 ), and adenosine triphosphate levels in spermatozoa.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Care must be taken to avoid the indiscriminate use of prolonged or high doses of sodium nitroprusside with sodium thiosulfate as this may result in thiocyanate toxicity and hypovolemia[globalrph.com]

    Missing: Frothy or Foamy Urine
  • Nephritis

    They may include: Weight gain High blood pressure Dark urine Foamy, frothy urine The need to urinate during the night Not all urinary or kidney problems in people with lupus[webmd.com] Indications for renal biopsy in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus • Increasing serum creatinine without compelling alternative causes (such as sepsis, hypovolemia[slideshare.net] If high blood pressure is present, drugs may be prescribed to decrease the hypertension . Iron and vitamin supplements may be recommended if the patient becomes anemic.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] The differential diagnosis for an insidious rise in creatinine in patients with no previous history of kidney disease includes prerenal (hypovolemia, rhabdomyolysis), renal[jitc.biomedcentral.com]

    Missing: Vitamin B12 Increased
  • Liver Failure

    Avoid hypovolemia and hypervolemia. Avoid hypercapnia and hypoxia. Maintain intracranial pressure Maintain cerebral perfusion pressure 50mmHg.[clinicaladvisor.com] Hemochromatosis Hemachromatosis (iron overload) is a metabolic disorder that leads to abnormally elevated iron stores in the body.[medicinenet.com] […] non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (also referred to as "fatty liver") describes the accumulation of fat within the liver that can cause inflammation of the liver and a gradual decrease[medicinenet.com]

    Missing: Frothy or Foamy Urine
  • Diabetic Nephropathy

    […] having a foamy or frothy appearance.[encyclopedia.com] Review of systems was negative, physical examination was notable for mild hypovolemia and laboratory revealed BUN 51 mg/dl, creatinine (Cr) 5.1 mg/dl (baseline 1.5), Westergren[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] not find any relationship between the number of blood withdrawals and the degree of the anaemia. 17 Changed eating habits, e.g. a decreased protein intake with kidney insufficiency[ecrjournal.com] Treatments for edema can include the following: Dietary sodium restriction (eg, 2 g/day) Fluid restriction Loop diuretics, as needed, with careful titration to avoid hypovolemia[merckmanuals.com]

    Missing: Vitamin B12 Increased
  • Acute Nephritis

    Foamy, frothy urine D. Massive Proteinuria E. Hyperlipidemia F. Edema G. Hematuria H. Hypoalbuminemia The answers are: C, D, E, F, and H.[registerednursern.com] Purpura (HSP), Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis (MPGN) Membranous nephropathy Congenital nephrotic syndrome The key acute complications of nephrotic syndrome are hypovolemia[rch.org.au] If high blood pressure is present, drugs may be prescribed to decrease the hypertension . Iron and vitamin supplements may be recommended if the patient becomes anemic.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] They may include: Weight gain High blood pressure Dark urine Foamy, frothy urine The need to urinate during the night Not all urinary or kidney problems in people with lupus[webmd.com]

    Missing: Vitamin B12 Increased
  • Polycythemia

    ] Relative polycythemia [ edit ] Relative polycythemia is an apparent rise of the erythrocyte level in the blood; however, the underlying cause is reduced blood plasma ( hypovolemia[en.wikipedia.org] Serum vitamin B12 normal normal increased in 75% of the cases 8. Splenomegaly absent absent present in 75% of the cases 9.[labpedia.net] In addition, inducing a chronic state of iron-deficiency can help people with polycythemia by decreasing blood production. Lose Weight. Feel Great![livestrong.com] In a newborn, it may reflect hemoconcentration due to hypovolemia or prolonged intrauterine hypoxia, or hypervolemia due to intrauterine twin-to-twin transfusion or placental[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

    Missing: Frothy or Foamy Urine

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