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287 Possible Causes for Gallop Rhythm

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    Obonyo et al. (2017) used a definition of bi-basal crepitations and worsening oxygen saturation (indicative of pulmonary oedema) gallop rhythm, raised jugular venous pressure[]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    A gallop rhythm, produced by the third or fourth heart sound is best heard at the apex.[] rhythm, raised JVP, pulmonary oedema, low blood pressure and cardiogenic shock Arrhythmias Palpitations, breathlessness, syncope Abnormal pulse rate, rhythm, signs of cardiac[] rhythm, decreased peripheral pulses and hepatomegaly.[]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    The major criteria include: Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea Distention of neck veins Crepitations Cardiomegaly Acute pulmonary edema S3 gallop rhythm Increased venous pressure[] Additional signs indicating left ventricular failure include a laterally displaced apex beat (which occurs if the heart is enlarged) and a gallop rhythm (additional heart[]

  • Giant Cell Myocarditis

    Physical examination revealed cyanosis, difficulty in breathing, gallop rhythm, and shock.[]

  • Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

    Bilateral coarse crepitations and a gallop rhythm were heard on auscultation of her chest.[] A gallop rhythm with a holosystolic murmur (intensity 4/6, loudest heard at the apex) was noticed.[] After initial improvement for the next 10 hrs she again desaturated and developed sinus tachycardia of 140 beats per minute and gallop rhythm.[]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    A gallop rhythm may be present. Blood pressure is generally high.[] Oxygen saturation is usually Assess for a gallop rhythm (3rd heart sound) and murmurs suggestive of valve stenosis or regurgitation.[] The heart sounds may be inaudible over the rales from the lungs but a gallop rhythm may be present.[]

  • High Output Heart Failure

    On the third day of life, she developed cardiac failure with gallop rhythm, hepatomegaly and a murmur in the anterior fontanel; an echocardiogram confirmed clinic aggravation[] B 12 , 14 Heart failure can be ruled in if jugular venous distention, displacement of the apical pulsation, or a gallop rhythm is present.[] There may be a gallop rhythm due to presence of S3 (see also the separate Heart Auscultation article) or murmurs of mitral or aortic valve disease.[]

  • Bacterial Myocarditis

    Cardiac findings include, gallop rhythm, and an apical systolic murmur of mitral insufficiency. In patients with associated pericardial disease, a rub may be noted.[] However, clinically evident cardiac manifestations like dyspnea, muffled heart sounds, gallop rhythm or cardiac dilatation are much less common, occurring in 10 to 25 % of[] .  Tachycardia, hypotension, gallop rhythm, and cardiac murmur.  Associated findings may include a rash or evidence of end organ involvement such as hepatitis or aseptic[]

  • Myocardial Infarction

    Significant physical findings, often absent, include an atrial gallop rhythm (4th heart sound) and a pericardial friction rub.[]

  • Pulmonary Embolism

    A gallop rhythm signifies ventricular failure, while peripheral edema is a sign of congestive heart failure.[]

Further symptoms