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327 Possible Causes for Gallop Rhythm

  • Hypertension

    Daily examination should include a funduscopic examination for retinal spasm or edema, lung examination for signs of volume overload, cardiac examination for gallop rhythms[]

  • Anemia

    INTRODUCTION Table 1 Etiopathogenic classification of anemia. Regenerative anemia Acute or chronic bleeding Hemolytic anemia Hereditary (hemoglobinopathy, enzymopathy, membrane-cytoskeletal defects) Acquired (autoimmune, mechanical destruction, toxic-metabolic, drugs, infectious, PNH, hypersplenism) Hypo-regenerative[…][]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    The major criteria include: Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea Distention of neck veins Crepitations Cardiomegaly Acute pulmonary edema S3 gallop rhythm Increased venous pressure[] There may be a gallop rhythm due to presence of S3 (see also the separate Heart Auscultation article) or murmurs of mitral or aortic valve disease.[]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    A gallop rhythm may be present. Blood pressure is generally high.[] Oxygen saturation is usually Assess for a gallop rhythm (3rd heart sound) and murmurs suggestive of valve stenosis or regurgitation.[] The heart sounds may be inaudible over the rales from the lungs but a gallop rhythm may be present.[]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    rhythm, persistent jugular venous distention, systemic hypotension, peripheral vascular disease Laboratory findings Hyponatremia, persistently elevated B-type natriuretic[] Features Clinical findings Increased age, male gender, ischemic heart disease, diabetes, syncope, right heart failure symptoms, symptomatic ventricular arrhythmias, persistent gallop[]

  • Myocardial Infarction

    Significant physical findings, often absent, include an atrial gallop rhythm (4th heart sound) and a pericardial friction rub.[]

  • Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

    Additionally, a gallop rhythm may be ausculted. This may be enough to lead to a diagnosis.[]

  • Pulmonary Embolism

    A gallop rhythm signifies ventricular failure, while peripheral edema is a sign of congestive heart failure.[] Gallop heart rhythm, a widely split second heart sound, tricuspid regurgitant murmur. Pleural rub. Systemic hypotension and cardiogenic shock.[]

  • Coronary Atherosclerosis

    Coronary artery disease (CAD) exhibits the rules of the multifactorial hereditary. Notwithstanding, the role of genetic factors in the prevalence of CAD is estimated very high. SIRT1 plays an athero-protective role and alterations in its expression have some important consequence in the metabolism, cholesterol, and[…][]

  • Left Cardiac Ventricle Disorder

    M. Humbert, R. Souza, G. Simonneau Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers, 2012/04/10 - 300 ページ The pulmonary circulation is by nature difficult to evaluate for the clinician and a challenge to investigate by radiographic and hemodynamic methods. In recent years, the field has been revolutionized by major[…][]

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