341 Possible Causes for Gallop Rhythm

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    Obonyo et al. (2017) used a definition of bi-basal crepitations and worsening oxygen saturation (indicative of pulmonary oedema) gallop rhythm, raised jugular venous pressure[wellcomeopenresearch.org]

  • Third Degree Atrioventricular Block

    This rhythm occurs because of the junctional escape rhythm.[emedicine.medscape.com] If heart failure is present as evidenced by rales, an S 3 gallop, peripheral edema, or hepatomegaly, then a more compelling need for immediate pacing exists.[emedicine.medscape.com] Any new murmurs or gallops should be noted because strong associations exist between cardiomyopathies, mitral calcification, aortic calcification, or endocarditis and complete[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Hypertensive Heart Disease

    Auscultation of the heart can reveal an irregular pulse, murmurs, and extra heart sounds (gallops).[nmihi.com] […] hypertension have enlarged left ventricles (left ventricular hypertrophy) with a seven-fold risk of morbidity and mortality due to congestive heart failure, disturbances of heart rhythms[nmihi.com]

  • Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

    Bilateral coarse crepitations and a gallop rhythm were heard on auscultation of her chest.[emj.bmj.com] An electrocardiogram showed a normal sinus rhythm. Chest radiographs showed cardiomegaly with increased vascular congestion bilaterally.[thepermanentejournal.org] A gallop rhythm with a holosystolic murmur (intensity 4/6, loudest heard at the apex) was noticed.[signavitae.com]

  • Restrictive Cardiomyopathy

    Examination should focus on whether the heart is palpably dilated, the presence of murmurs, and additional heart sounds (gallops).[clevelandclinicmeded.com] The diagnosis is one of exclusion and rate control or restoration of sinus rhythm can restore systolic function.[clevelandclinicmeded.com] Features Clinical findings Increased age, male gender, ischemic heart disease, diabetes, syncope, right heart failure symptoms, symptomatic ventricular arrhythmias, persistent gallop[clevelandclinicmeded.com]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Examination should focus on whether the heart is palpably dilated, the presence of murmurs, and additional heart sounds (gallops).[clevelandclinicmeded.com] The diagnosis is one of exclusion and rate control or restoration of sinus rhythm can restore systolic function.[clevelandclinicmeded.com] Features Clinical findings Increased age, male gender, ischemic heart disease, diabetes, syncope, right heart failure symptoms, symptomatic ventricular arrhythmias, persistent gallop[clevelandclinicmeded.com]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    Oxygen saturation is usually Assess for a gallop rhythm (3rd heart sound) and murmurs suggestive of valve stenosis or regurgitation.[patient.info] Monitoring Examination : Systolic blood pressure, heart rhythm and rate, saturation of peripheral oxygen (SpO 2 ) using a pulse oximeter, and urine output should be monitored[patient.info]

  • Viral Myocarditis

    Infants and young children Fulminant presentation Fever, Respiratory distress, Tachycardia, Hypotension, Gallop rhythm, and Cardiac murmur Associated findings may include[slideshare.net] Patients with myocarditis usually present with signs and symptoms of acute decompensation of heart failure (eg, tachycardia, gallop, mitral regurgitation, edema) and, in those[emedicine.medscape.com] Cardiac findings Overactive precordial impulse, Gallop rhythm, and Apical systolic murmur of mitral insufficiency In patients with associated pericardial disease, a rub may[slideshare.net]

  • Thyrotoxic Heart Disease

    […] pacemaker patients with heart percent peripheral Physiol physiologic posterior potassium produced pulmonary artery pulmonary edema pulsations pulse wave regurgitation renal rhythm[books.google.de] Cardiovascular system examination revealed left ventricular gallop. She also had bilateral basal crackles. Hemogram showed mild normocytic normochromic anemia.[jpgmonline.com] […] contractility coronary artery curve decrease diagnosis diastolic digitalis diuretics drug dyspnea ectopic effect ejection electrocardiogram fibers filling findings first fluid function gallop[books.google.de]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    Infants and young children Fulminant presentation Fever, Respiratory distress, Tachycardia, Hypotension, Gallop rhythm, and Cardiac murmur Associated findings may include[slideshare.net] A gallop rhythm, produced by the third or fourth heart sound is best heard at the apex.[jpma.org.pk] rhythm, raised JVP, pulmonary oedema, low blood pressure and cardiogenic shock Arrhythmias Palpitations, breathlessness, syncope Abnormal pulse rate, rhythm, signs of cardiac[rcemlearning.co.uk]

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