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291 Possible Causes for Gallop Rhythm

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    Obonyo et al. (2017) used a definition of bi-basal crepitations and worsening oxygen saturation (indicative of pulmonary oedema) gallop rhythm, raised jugular venous pressure[wellcomeopenresearch.org]

  • Viral Myocarditis

    Infants and young children Fulminant presentation Fever, Respiratory distress, Tachycardia, Hypotension, Gallop rhythm, and Cardiac murmur Associated findings may include[slideshare.net] Cardiac findings Overactive precordial impulse, Gallop rhythm, and Apical systolic murmur of mitral insufficiency In patients with associated pericardial disease, a rub may[slideshare.net]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    The major criteria include: Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea Distention of neck veins Crepitations Cardiomegaly Acute pulmonary edema S3 gallop rhythm Increased venous pressure[symptoma.com] Additional signs indicating left ventricular failure include a laterally displaced apex beat (which occurs if the heart is enlarged) and a gallop rhythm (additional heart[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    Infants and young children Fulminant presentation Fever, Respiratory distress, Tachycardia, Hypotension, Gallop rhythm, and Cardiac murmur Associated findings may include[slideshare.net] A gallop rhythm, produced by the third or fourth heart sound is best heard at the apex.[jpma.org.pk] rhythm, raised JVP, pulmonary oedema, low blood pressure and cardiogenic shock Arrhythmias Palpitations, breathlessness, syncope Abnormal pulse rate, rhythm, signs of cardiac[rcemlearning.co.uk]

  • Restrictive Cardiomyopathy

    rhythm, edema, ascites or hepatomegaly).[symptoma.com] rhythm, persistent jugular venous distention, systemic hypotension, peripheral vascular disease Laboratory findings Hyponatremia, persistently elevated B-type natriuretic[clevelandclinicmeded.com] […] most common reason for consulting a cardiologist is pulmonary causes with cardiomegaly (47% of cases), followed by abnormal findings on a physical exam (either a murmur, gallop[symptoma.com]

  • Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

    Bilateral coarse crepitations and a gallop rhythm were heard on auscultation of her chest.[emj.bmj.com] A gallop rhythm with a holosystolic murmur (intensity 4/6, loudest heard at the apex) was noticed.[signavitae.com] rhythm in 92% of the patients.[dx.doi.org]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    Oxygen saturation is usually Assess for a gallop rhythm (3rd heart sound) and murmurs suggestive of valve stenosis or regurgitation.[patient.info]

  • Myocardial Infarction

    Significant physical findings, often absent, include an atrial gallop rhythm (4th heart sound) and a pericardial friction rub.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Bacterial Myocarditis

    Cardiac findings include, gallop rhythm, and an apical systolic murmur of mitral insufficiency. In patients with associated pericardial disease, a rub may be noted.[slideshare.net] However, clinically evident cardiac manifestations like dyspnea, muffled heart sounds, gallop rhythm or cardiac dilatation are much less common, occurring in 10 to 25 % of[intechopen.com] .  Tachycardia, hypotension, gallop rhythm, and cardiac murmur.  Associated findings may include a rash or evidence of end organ involvement such as hepatitis or aseptic[slideshare.net]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    rhythm, persistent jugular venous distention, systemic hypotension, peripheral vascular disease Laboratory findings Hyponatremia, persistently elevated B-type natriuretic[clevelandclinicmeded.com] Features Clinical findings Increased age, male gender, ischemic heart disease, diabetes, syncope, right heart failure symptoms, symptomatic ventricular arrhythmias, persistent gallop[clevelandclinicmeded.com]

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