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297 Possible Causes for Gallop Rhythm

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    Obonyo et al. (2017) used a definition of bi-basal crepitations and worsening oxygen saturation (indicative of pulmonary oedema) gallop rhythm, raised jugular venous pressure[wellcomeopenresearch.org]

  • Viral Myocarditis

    Infants and young children Fulminant presentation Fever, Respiratory distress, Tachycardia, Hypotension, Gallop rhythm, and Cardiac murmur Associated findings may include[slideshare.net] Cardiopulmonary examination showed an S 3 gallop with no audible murmur or rub.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cardiac findings Overactive precordial impulse, Gallop rhythm, and Apical systolic murmur of mitral insufficiency In patients with associated pericardial disease, a rub may[slideshare.net]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    Infants and young children Fulminant presentation Fever, Respiratory distress, Tachycardia, Hypotension, Gallop rhythm, and Cardiac murmur Associated findings may include[slideshare.net] A gallop rhythm, produced by the third or fourth heart sound is best heard at the apex.[jpma.org.pk] rhythm, raised JVP, pulmonary oedema, low blood pressure and cardiogenic shock Arrhythmias Palpitations, breathlessness, syncope Abnormal pulse rate, rhythm, signs of cardiac[rcemlearning.co.uk]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    The major criteria include: Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea Distention of neck veins Crepitations Cardiomegaly Acute pulmonary edema S3 gallop rhythm Increased venous pressure[symptoma.com] Additional signs indicating left ventricular failure include a laterally displaced apex beat (which occurs if the heart is enlarged) and a gallop rhythm (additional heart[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

    Bilateral coarse crepitations and a gallop rhythm were heard on auscultation of her chest.[emj.bmj.com] A gallop rhythm with a holosystolic murmur (intensity 4/6, loudest heard at the apex) was noticed.[signavitae.com] After initial improvement for the next 10 hrs she again desaturated and developed sinus tachycardia of 140 beats per minute and gallop rhythm.[ijaweb.org]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    A gallop rhythm may be present. Blood pressure is generally high.[rcemlearning.co.uk] Oxygen saturation is usually Assess for a gallop rhythm (3rd heart sound) and murmurs suggestive of valve stenosis or regurgitation.[patient.info] The heart sounds may be inaudible over the rales from the lungs but a gallop rhythm may be present.[rcemlearning.co.uk]

  • High Output Heart Failure

    On the third day of life, she developed cardiac failure with gallop rhythm, hepatomegaly and a murmur in the anterior fontanel; an echocardiogram confirmed clinic aggravation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] B 12 , 14 Heart failure can be ruled in if jugular venous distention, displacement of the apical pulsation, or a gallop rhythm is present.[aafp.org] There may be a gallop rhythm due to presence of S3 (see also the separate Heart Auscultation article) or murmurs of mitral or aortic valve disease.[patient.info]

  • Bacterial Myocarditis

    Cardiac findings include, gallop rhythm, and an apical systolic murmur of mitral insufficiency. In patients with associated pericardial disease, a rub may be noted.[slideshare.net] However, clinically evident cardiac manifestations like dyspnea, muffled heart sounds, gallop rhythm or cardiac dilatation are much less common, occurring in 10 to 25 % of[intechopen.com] .  Tachycardia, hypotension, gallop rhythm, and cardiac murmur.  Associated findings may include a rash or evidence of end organ involvement such as hepatitis or aseptic[slideshare.net]

  • Myocardial Infarction

    Significant physical findings, often absent, include an atrial gallop rhythm (4th heart sound) and a pericardial friction rub.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Toxic Myocarditis

    Infants and young children Fulminant presentation Fever, Respiratory distress, Tachycardia, Hypotension, Gallop rhythm, and Cardiac murmur Associated findings may include[slideshare.net] All patients presented with tachypnoea, tachycardia, sweating, gallop rhythm, pulmonary wheezing, rales and hepatomegaly.[bestbets.org] Heart sounds - soft S1 or S4 gallop rhythm. Signs of heart failure. Aetiology Infection Viral infection is the most common cause of acute myocarditis [ 2 ] .[patient.info]

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