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96 Possible Causes for Gallop Rhythm, S3 Gallop

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  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Physical examination reveals an S3 gallop, 2 peripheral pitting edema, and marked jugular venous distention.[medbullets.com] The major criteria include: Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea Distention of neck veins Crepitations Cardiomegaly Acute pulmonary edema S3 gallop rhythm Increased venous pressure[symptoma.com] Additional signs indicating left ventricular failure include a laterally displaced apex beat (which occurs if the heart is enlarged) and a gallop rhythm (additional heart[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Giant Cell Myocarditis

    Patient was tachycardic with normal S1, S2, an audible S3 gallop, and no murmurs. Extremities were warm and well perfused.[chop.edu] Physical examination revealed cyanosis, difficulty in breathing, gallop rhythm, and shock.[jamanetwork.com]

  • Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

    Her lungs were clear to auscultation and her heart rate was regular, with an S3 gallop. Her extremities were nonedematous, and she had no calf tenderness.[thepermanentejournal.org] Bilateral coarse crepitations and a gallop rhythm were heard on auscultation of her chest.[emj.bmj.com] gallop rhythm present, P2 loud (pulmonary hypertension) and chest with bilateral crepitations (pulmonary edema).[dx.doi.org]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    Distinguishing Cardiogenic from Non-cardiogenic Pulmonary Edema  Finding suggesting cardiogenic edema -S3 gallop -elevated JVP -Peripheral edema  Findings suggesting non-cardiogenic[slideshare.net] A gallop rhythm may be present. Blood pressure is generally high.[rcemlearning.co.uk] An third heart sound (S3) gallop is frequently present.[tele.med.ru]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    The physical examination is perhaps even more important, which can reveal tachycardia, cardiac murmurs (soft S1 sound, S3 or S4 gallop, as well as sounds pointing toward insufficiency[symptoma.com] A gallop rhythm, produced by the third or fourth heart sound is best heard at the apex.[jpma.org.pk] rhythm, raised JVP, pulmonary oedema, low blood pressure and cardiogenic shock Arrhythmias Palpitations, breathlessness, syncope Abnormal pulse rate, rhythm, signs of cardiac[rcemlearning.co.uk]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Other possible physical findings include an S3 gallop and a systolic murmur of mitral regurgitation if the valve annulus is dilated.[clinicaladvisor.com] rhythm, persistent jugular venous distention, systemic hypotension, peripheral vascular disease Laboratory findings Hyponatremia, persistently elevated B-type natriuretic[clevelandclinicmeded.com] Features Clinical findings Increased age, male gender, ischemic heart disease, diabetes, syncope, right heart failure symptoms, symptomatic ventricular arrhythmias, persistent gallop[clevelandclinicmeded.com]

  • High Output Heart Failure

    Physical examination reveals an S3 gallop, hepatomegaly, warm skin and a continuous bruit over the right upper thigh.[medbullets.com] On the third day of life, she developed cardiac failure with gallop rhythm, hepatomegaly and a murmur in the anterior fontanel; an echocardiogram confirmed clinic aggravation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] [S3] Bilateral Crepitations Cardiomegaly on CXR Cachexia [dec. appetite, weight loss, lethargy, muscle atrophy] Hepatic Tenderness Dyspnea due to pulmonary edema and respiratory[almostadoctor.co.uk]

  • Bacterial Myocarditis

    Cardiogenic shock in fulminant cases Auscultation findings Brief systolic murmurs Heart failure S3 (and S4 ) gallops Pericarditis pericardial friction rub The clinical manifestation[amboss.com] Cardiac findings include, gallop rhythm, and an apical systolic murmur of mitral insufficiency. In patients with associated pericardial disease, a rub may be noted.[slideshare.net] However, clinically evident cardiac manifestations like dyspnea, muffled heart sounds, gallop rhythm or cardiac dilatation are much less common, occurring in 10 to 25 % of[intechopen.com]

  • Toxic Myocarditis

    A S3 gallop indicates left-sided congestive heart failure.[atsu.edu] All patients presented with tachypnoea, tachycardia, sweating, gallop rhythm, pulmonary wheezing, rales and hepatomegaly.[bestbets.org] Cardiogenic shock in fulminant cases Auscultation findings Brief systolic murmurs Heart failure S3 (and S4 ) gallops Pericarditis pericardial friction rub The clinical manifestation[amboss.com]

  • Fungal Myocarditis

    Cardiogenic shock in fulminant cases Auscultation findings Brief systolic murmurs Heart failure S3 (and S4 ) gallops Pericarditis pericardial friction rub The clinical manifestation[amboss.com] Heart sounds - soft S1 or S4 gallop rhythm. Signs of heart failure. Aetiology Infection Viral infection is the most common cause of acute myocarditis [ 2 ] .[patient.info] However, clinically evident cardiac manifestations like dyspnea, muffled heart sounds, gallop rhythm or cardiac dilatation are much less common, occurring in 10 to 25 % of[intechopen.com]

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