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18 Possible Causes for Gaze-Evoked Nystagmus, Guillain-Barré Syndrome, Hypesthesia

  • Peripheral Neuropathy

    Sural nerve biopsy leaves a patch of hypesthesia in the lateral aspect of the foot that is usually well tolerated.[neuropathology-web.org] Gaze-evoked nystagmus is common. All patients have gait ataxia and the majority have lower limb ataxia.[doi.org] syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Polyneuropathy

    Early ocular signs are gaze-evoked horizontal nystagmus and defective ocular pursuit movements with the full range of extraocular movements.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu] Postinfective polyneuritis - eg, Guillain-Barré syndrome. Sarcoidosis.[patient.info] Howard Current Opinion in Neurology. 2016; 29(5): 592 17 Short-Term Prognosis of Mechanically Ventilated Patients With GuillainBarré Syndrome Is Worsened by Corticosteroids[doi.org]

  • Lateral Medullary Syndrome

    Neurological examination revealed both tactile and thermal/pain hypesthesia on the left side of the patient's face, and thermal/pain hypesthesia on his right upper and lower[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On neurological evaluation he had cerebellar type of dysarthria, right sided gaze evoked nystagmus, paralysis of palatal and pharyngeal movement, and absent gag reflex on[pmj.bmj.com] Other inflammatory conditions such as brainstem encephalitis (753), Behcet’s disease (765), cryptococcosis (766), Guillain-Barré syndrome, and rarely systemic lupus erythematosis[web.archive.org]

  • Neuropathy

    METHODS: Reference values were defined in 23 healthy subjects. 13patients with TSN underwent evaluation (Thessaloniki Hypesthesia Score (THS), ultrasound, electrophysiology[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Gaze-evoked nystagmus is common. All patients have gait ataxia and the majority have lower limb ataxia.[doi.org] Unfortunately, none of these tests can diagnose Guillain-Barré syndrome.[medbroadcast.com]

  • Arnold Chiari Malformation

    Eye movement recordings in two patients with Arnold-Chiari malfomation type 1 showed, in addition to downbeat and gaze evoked nystagmus, intermittent nystagmus of skew.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] As a differential diagnosis of Guillain Barré syndrome, acute porphyria was then considered and ultimately proved to be the diagnosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The Arnold-Chiari malfomation is typically associated with downbeat nystagmus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Miller-Fisher Syndrome

    In all extremities, there was a marked deterioration of position and vibratory sensation with modest dysesthesia and hypesthesia.[ajnr.org] Initial examination revealed nystagmus evoked by a bilateral horizontal gaze with left side dysmetria.[jkna.org] KEYWORDS: Guillain-Barré syndrome; Miller Fisher syndrome; Pharyngeal–cervical–brachial weakness; Reversible conduction failure[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Thiamine Deficiency

    Horizontal gaze-evoked nystagmus is the most common ocular finding. Bilateral lateral rectus palsies and miosis can be present as well.[stroke.ahajournals.org] Rapidly developing weakness mimicking GuillainBarré syndrome in beri-beri neuropathy: two case reports. Nutrition 24, 776–780 (2008). 12.[dx.doi.org]

  • Arsenic-Induced Polyneuropathy

    Sensory symptoms include tingling or paresthesias, increased sensation in affected areas (hypesthesia), and numbness or reduced sensation.[aafp.org] nystagmusを呈した一過性身震い様不随意運動 中馬越清隆; 織田彰子; 石井一弘; 渡邊雅彦; 玉岡 晃 第46回日本神経眼科学会総会/2008-10-11 Cerebral Blood Flow SPECT Images of Patients with Upward Gaze-Evoked Nystagmus Induced by[trios.tsukuba.ac.jp] Abstract Objectives: We report on a patient presenting with an isolated polyneuropathy mimicking Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) associated with arsenic exposure.[jstage.jst.go.jp]

  • Ocular Palsy

    […] pupillary changes, involvement of the sensory portion of the trigeminal nerve, central deafness, dysarthria, paralysis of the vocal cords and of the soft palate, loss of taste, hypesthesia[annals.org] Gaze-evoked nystagmus (GEN) in all directions indicates a cerebellar dysfunction and can have multiple causes such as drugs, in particular antiepileptics, chronic alcohol[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] VI) Location Pathological Processes Causes Brainstem (nuclei and fascicles) Neoplasm Glioma, metastasis Inflammatory/demyelinating MS, postviral, Miller Fisher variant of Guillain-Barré[neurology.mhmedical.com]

  • Posterior inferior cerebellar artery occlusion

    At admission, he was drowsy, with diplopia and right ankle hypesthesia. Computed tomographic scans demonstrated a subarachnoid hemorrhage.[jkns.or.kr] There was a strong left-beating gaze-evoked nystagmus, and also there was a right-torsional beating torsional nystagmus.[dizziness-and-balance.com] Guillain-Barré syndrome. [ 11 ] Giant cell arteritis has been identified as a cause of vertebrobasilar infarcts. [ 6 ] Investigations Basic blood tests, including FBC, ESR[patient.info]

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