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109 Possible Causes for Gaze-Evoked Nystagmus, Guillain-Barré Syndrome, Muscular Atrophy

  • Peripheral Neuropathy

    Muscular atrophy of hand muscles persisted. Large fibers were involved more extensively than small fibers.[] Gaze-evoked nystagmus is common. All patients have gait ataxia and the majority have lower limb ataxia.[] syndrome.[]

  • Polyneuropathy

    Neuronal Peroneal Muscular Atrophy (HMSN II) Autosomal dominant inheritance is also the case with HMSN II.[] Early ocular signs are gaze-evoked horizontal nystagmus and defective ocular pursuit movements with the full range of extraocular movements.[] Postinfective polyneuritis - eg, Guillain-Barré syndrome. Sarcoidosis.[]

  • Neuromuscular Junction Disorder

    Spinal muscular atrophies: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), or motor neuron disease Infantile progressive spinal muscular atrophy Intermediate spinal muscular atrophy[] Other motility abnormalities include saccadic dysmetria and decreased final saccadic velocity, small “quiver” eye movements, and gaze-evoked nystagmus.[4] Nystagmus occurs[] […] triggers about 30% of cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome”.[]

  • Ophthalmoplegia

    Probst A, Tackmann W, Stoeckli HR, Jerusalem F, Ulrich J - Evidence for a chronic axonal atrophy in oculopharyngeal «muscular dystrophy».[] In addition, other findings such as vertical gaze evoked nystagmus (most commonly on supraduction) can be seen.[] Recognition of this rare clinical presentation can help avoid misdiagnosis as Guillain-Barré syndrome or its ocular variant, namely Miller Fisher Syndrome.[]

  • Neuropathy

    Types I and II (varieties of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, also called peroneal muscular atrophy) are the most common; they are usually autosomal dominant disorders but can[] Gaze-evoked nystagmus is common. All patients have gait ataxia and the majority have lower limb ataxia.[] Unfortunately, none of these tests can diagnose Guillain-Barré syndrome.[]

  • Cerebral Palsy

    Spasms and muscular atrophy often develop into permanent deformities.[] Gaze-evoked nystagmus and other ocular signs of cerebellar dysfunction are seen in up to 80 % of cases.[] Infantile spinal muscular atrophy, muscular dystrophies, and neuromuscular junction disorders associated with hypotonia and hyporeflexia usually lack signs of cerebral disease[]

  • Progressive Bulbar Palsy

    […] term(s): Adult form spinal muscular atrophy Childhood form, type II spinal muscular atrophy Distal spinal muscular atrophy Juvenile form, type III spinal muscular atrophy[] Spinocerebellar Ataxia 1 Clinical Characteristics Ocular Features: Early manifestations include gaze-evoked nystagmus and saccadic hypermetria.[] Guillain-Barré syndrome. Post-polio syndrome. Myasthenia gravis or Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome. Peripheral nerve lesions, particularly due to diabetic neuropathy.[]

  • Autosomal Dominant Spastic Ataxia Type 1

    He is currently involved in multiple clinical trials of novel genetic interventions for the treatment of spinal muscular atrophy and Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Dr. H.[] Gaze-evoked nystagmus is a common finding. The eyes are often described as 'bulging' and this has been attributed to eyelid retraction.[] , see Kawasaki disease acute generalised pustular psoriasis, see generalized pustular psoriasis acute infectious polyneuritis, see Guillain-Barré syndrome acute inflammatory[]

  • Neurological Disorder

    atrophy Spinal cord injury Spinal cord tumors Spinal muscular atrophy Spinal muscular atrophy with respiratory distress type 1 – see Distal spinal muscular atrophy type 1[] Gaze-evoked nystagmus is common. All patients have gait ataxia and the majority have lower limb ataxia.[] Uptick in cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome raises concern among health officials SUDDEN PARALYSIS Patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome can experience facial paralysis, like[]

  • Miller-Fisher Syndrome

    atrophy or muscle tone alteration, universal areflexia, preserved sensitivity, and ataxic gait.[] Several reports document nystagmus, including gaze-evoked (6, 10, 14) dissociated abducting (6, 10, 13), convergence-retraction (10), rebound (13) and upbeat lid nystagmus[] […] with a risk of GBS. [9] Mechanism [ edit ] GuillainBarré syndrome – nerve damage The nerve dysfunction in GuillainBarré syndrome is caused by an immune attack on the nerve[]

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