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324 Possible Causes for Gaze Limitation

  • Gliomatosis Cerebri

    On examination, he exhibited facial hypomimia, upward gaze limitation, hypophonia and asymmetrical rigid-akinetic parkinsonism (worse on left).[]

  • Intracranial Aneurysms

    limitation in 1, with corresponding radiologic abnormalities.[] […] patients (1.8% of operations) with unchanged EPs had other kinds of postoperative neurologic complications, including altered mentality in 5 cases, motor aphasia in 1, and gaze[]

  • Ptosis

    To describe a newly recognized clinical syndrome consisting of ptosis, diplopia, vertical gaze limitation, and abduction weakness that can occur after orbital roof removal[] Examination A limited examination can be conducted in primary care but various measurements can be taken with the eye in primary gaze (defined as the position of the eyes[] Presence of ptosis, diplopia, and gaze limitation. Eight patients had neuro-ophthalmic findings after pterional craniotomy for meningioma removal or aneurysm clipping.[]

  • Spastic Paraplegia

    gaze horizontal bilateral ND 10 Optic sectorial atrophy 3 74 (34) mild pallor 83–83 slow saccades, vertical limited gaze normal 7 Optic neuropathy 5 37 (19) mild pallor 79[] Normal Impaired oculomotricity/ ophathalmoplegia No No Vertical gaze limited No No No No No n.a. No Cerebral MRI CA n.a. CA (CT Scan) Normal Normal n.a.[] Ocular gaze was limited horizontally and vertically. Conduction velocity studies showed axonal peripheral polyneuropathy and unambiguous cerebellar atrophy on MRI.[]

  • Esotropia

    […] palsy without limitations in adduction and vertical deviations.[] […] surgery on the contralateral eye were performed, resulting in significant motility limitation.[] Based on this assumption, medial rectus recessions with simultaneous partial vertical muscle transposition (VRT) on the ipsilateral eye of the gaze palsy and recession-resection[]

  • Strabismus

    Limitation of extraocular movement of OS on left gaze was observed on duction test. The forced duction test revealed restriction of the left medial rectus muscle.[] A 19-year-old woman who underwent conjunctivodacryocystorhinostomy with Medpor-Coated Tear Drain 2 years ago presented with diplopia on left gaze for 4 months.[]

  • Paresis

    Vertical gaze paresis was present in all patients, ranging from complete paralysis of the upward and downward gaze to a slight limitation of upward gaze.[] The procedure induced limitation of elevation in some patients. No patient experienced major postoperative symptoms.[] Posttraumatic vertical gaze paresis is a rare phenomenon that can occur in isolation or in association with other neurological deficits and can cause a significant limitation[]

  • Aphakia

    The occurrence of a vertical diplopia with use of contact lenses, and not with spectacles, is explained by the limitation of ocular gaze movements with the aphakia spectacles[] […] which limitation is not found with the use of contact lenses, with diplopia appearing in the more extreme lateroversion possible with the contact lenses.[]

  • Bickerstaff Brainstem Encephalitis

    They showed general weakness, severe ataxia, bilateral dysmetria and bilateral lateral gaze limitation. And gaze-evoked nystagmus was observed in one of them.[] On day 17, there was no paresis of the extraocular muscles, except for upward gaze limitation of the right eye. Limb power returned to normal on day 19.[] Limitations of lateral gaze in the left eye and vertical gaze in both eyes were observed. Motor and sensory functions were intact.[]

  • Parinaud Syndrome

    Findings at follow-up (mean: 4.2 years) included up gaze limitation (minimal in 2 patients), abnormal convergence, convergence retraction nystagmus, and light-near dissociation[] The supranulcear vertical gaze limitation in this syndrome results from involvement of the posterior commissure, interstitial nucleus of Cajal, or rostral interstitial nucleus[] Palsy Limited upgaze in elderly patients Progressive supranuclear palsy Niemann-pick disease Whipple’s disease References Lee AG, Brown DG, Diaz PJ.[]

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