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68 Possible Causes for Generalized Dystonia, Generalized Epileptiform Discharges

  • Paroxysmal Exertion-Induced Dyskinesia

    ALS2 mutations: juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and generalized dystonia. Neurology 2014;82(12):1065-7.[books.google.com] Atypical absence status epilepticus Continuous or clusters of repetitive epileptiform generalized discharges (spike-and-wave, polyspike-and-wave, sharp-and-wave) No reactivity[quizlet.com] Dystonia Dystonia that occurs at rest may persist as the kinetic (clonic) form. Dystonias can be either focal or generalized.[encyclopedia.com]

  • Juvenile Absence Epilepsy

    The observation of focal and generalized epileptiform discharges as well as the co-occurrence of focal and generalized seizure types within the one syndrome is not novel and[academic.oup.com] […] epilepsy with febrile seizures plus 3 AD 15 JRK 603210 22 SLC2A1 138140 Dystonia-9; GLUT1 deficiency syndrome; dystonia 18; Epilepsy, idiopathic generalized, suscpetibility[centogene.com] […] epilepsy with febrile seizures plus 7 AD, AR 77 SLC2A1 138140 Dystonia-9; GLUT1 deficiency syndrome; dystonia 18; Epilepsy, idiopathic generalized, suscpetibility to, 12[centogene.com]

  • Encephalopathy

    Previously described patients have suffered from acute-onset myoclonus and/or dystonia or post-viral parkinsonism.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present the case of a 74-year-old female patient with transient generalized chorea due to influenza A-mediated encephalopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • X-linked Parkinsonism-Spasticity Syndrome

    , segmental region in upper limbs; mild course DYT-14 14q13 Dopa Responsive generalized dystonia Autosomal Dominant Early onset, leading to gait and postural abnormalities[cmdg.org] Electroencephalographic findings are not specific and may comprise normal findings, generalized slowing, focal slowing, and epileptiform discharges.[ojrd.biomedcentral.com] Dystonia Focal, multifocal, segmental or generalized dystonia Idiopathic, genetic, and secondary dystonia Craniofacial dystonia (including blepharospasm, jaw dystonia, tongue[movementdisorders.us]

  • Lafora Disease

    epileptiform discharges on electroencephalogram (EEG).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] of large deletions and/or duplications in the GCH1 gene by MLPA Dystonia-12 Sanger sequencing of the ATP1A3 gene EBD inversa Next Generation Sequencing and Sanger Sequencing[pentacorelab.hu] EEG is initially normal, and later develops nonspecific generalized polyspike discharges during the awake state.[wiki.med.umich.edu]

  • Paroxysmal Kinesigenic Dyskinesia

    ALS2 mutations: juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and generalized dystonia. Neurology 2014;82(12):1065-7.[books.google.com] One patient had generalized epilepsy. Another patient who did not have epilepsy demonstrated epileptiform discharges.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Dystonia tends to worsen and spread to other areas (generalized dystonia).[rarediseases.org]

  • Progressive Myoclonic Epilepsy Type 3

    EEG was abnormal in six of the nine patients and demonstrated slowing of background activity with/without generalized epileptiform discharges.[bioline.org.br] 9/GLUT1 deficiency syndrome 1, infantile onset, severe/GLUT1 deficiency syndrome 2, childhood onset/Epilepsy, idiopathic generalized, susceptibility to, 12 138140 EPI Epilepsy[lhsc.on.ca] […] complexes.[ 16 ] Multifocal, predominantly posterior, epileptiform discharges appear in addition to the generalized bursts.[thieme-connect.com]

  • West Syndrome

    0001332 Epileptic encephalopathy 0200134 Generalized myoclonic seizures 0002123 Hyperreflexia Increased reflexes 0001347 Hypertonia 0001276 Intellectual disability Mental[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] epileptiform discharges (EDs) (0.0% vs 16.7%, p 0.0108) being involved more infrequently in the SF group than in the No-SF group, respectively.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Disorder of involuntary muscle movements 0100660 Dysphagia Poor swallowing Swallowing difficulties Swallowing difficulty [ more ] 0002015 Dyspnea Trouble breathing 0002094 Dystonia[rarediseases.info.nih.gov]

  • Progressive Myoclonic Epilepsy Type 7

    […] syndrome Friedreich ataxia Frontotemporal dementia with motor neuron disease Frontotemporal neurodegeneration with movement disorder Fucosidosis GM1 gangliosidosis type 2 Generalized[se-atlas.de] Girard showed slowing background with frequent generalized and multifocal epileptiform discharges in PME. [5] De Siqueira [6] found that photosensitivity with frequent interictal[journals.lww.com] The EEG showed slow background activity with generalised epileptiform discharges manifesting as spike/polyspike wave complexes of variable duration that persisted throughout[elsevier.es]

  • Progressive Myoclonic Epilepsy Type 8

    Generalized epileptiform activity Intermittent photic stimulation Negative 10 to 20 Hz provoked a photoparoxysmal response Negative 6 and 20 Hz provoked a photoparoxysmal[onlinelibrary.wiley.com] 9/GLUT1 deficiency syndrome 1, infantile onset, severe/GLUT1 deficiency syndrome 2, childhood onset/Epilepsy, idiopathic generalized, susceptibility to, 12 138140 EPI Epilepsy[lhsc.on.ca] […] fast spikes, polyspikes and polyspike‐and‐wave discharges Slow background activity, spike‐ and polyspike‐and‐wave discharges and multifocal spikes activated by non‐REM sleep[onlinelibrary.wiley.com]

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