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575 Possible Causes for Generalized Dystonia, Limb Pain, Myopathy

  • Rhabdomyolysis

    (2) Crush Injury and Trauma In crush injury and other forms of trauma, rhabdomyolysis is generally due to direct muscle injury and ischaemia.[] A 32-year-old man presented to the emergency department with severe right lower limb pain and swelling of three days' duration.[] […] for patients with mitochondrial myopathies. 5 Conclusion Mitochondrial myopathies should be considered in patients presenting with recurrent muscle pain and elevation of[]

  • Writer's Cramp

    Two cases are reported in which simple writer's cramp turned into dystonic writer's cramp without progression to generalized dystonia.[] pain and other sensory phenomena (Wilson, 1955; Gilroy and Meyer, 1975; Brain, 1977).[] SIGNIFICANCE: Our findings may suggest pathophysiological differences between focal and generalized dystonia, and may also point to an inferior sensitivity of SEPs in detecting[]

  • Meige Syndrome

    Deep brain stimulation of the globus pallidus internus (GPi DBS) is effective in the treatment of primary segmental and generalized dystonia.[] The sensory limb responds to multifactorial stimuli, including light, corneal or eyelid irritation, pain, emotion, stress, or various other trigeminal stimulants.[] Deep brain stimulation for primary generalized dystonia: long-term outcomes. Arch Neurol 2009;66:465–470. 6. Jankovic J.[]

  • Adult-Onset Cervical Dystonia Type DYT23

    DYT1 dystonia typically presents as early onset, generalized dystonia, starting in the legs.[] 9 Cases 503 Autosomal dominant Larsen syndrome 0.4 BP * 266 Autosomal dominant limb- girdle muscular dystrophy type 1A 4 Families 34516 Autosomal dominant limb- girdle muscular[] COL6A1 Bethlem myopathy COL6A2 Bethlem myopathy type 1 COL6A3 Bethlem myopathy type 2 COL12A1 Borjeson-Forssman-Lehmann syndrome PHF6 Brody myopathy ATP2A1 Brunner syndrome[]

  • Camurati-Engelmann Syndrome

    […] polymicrogyria Early infantile epileptic encephalopathy 25 Duane syndrome type 1 Glycogen storage disease type 12 Rapid-onset dystonia-parkinsonism Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy[] CED was not considered because of the lack of limb pain at that time.[] Losartan has been reported to reduce limb pain and increase muscle strength in some individuals.[]

  • Stiff-Person Syndrome

    Initial misdiagnoses included functional movement disorder (n   2), generalized dystonia and parkinsonism (n   1), and hereditary spastic paraparesis (n   1).[] Stiff person syndrome (SPS) is a rare disorder, characterised by fluctuating rigidity and stiffness of the axial and proximal lower limb muscles, with superimposed painful[] ( G72.1 ) cramp and spasm ( R25.2 ) drug-induced myopathy ( G72.0 ) myalgia ( M79.1- ) stiff-man syndrome ( G25.82 ) Type 2 Excludes nontraumatic hematoma of muscle ( M79.81[]

  • Fibromyalgia

    The generalized dystonia was probably due to the patient's analgesic protective attitude. The actual therapy is still based on the biopsychosocial approach.[] limb pain, fibromyalgia and trigeminal neuralgia.[] Myopathy with Lactic Acidosis, Hereditary Myopathy, Areflexia, Respiratory Distress, and Dysphagia, Early-Onset Myopathy, Granulovacuolar Lobular, with Electrical Myotonia[]

  • Spasmodic Torticollis

    This form of focal dystonia is unlikely to spread beyond the neck and shoulders or become generalized dystonia.[] Post-stroke spasticity of the upper limb imposes a considerable humanistic burden.[] Such a type of focal dystonia is quite unlikely to spread outside the shoulders and neck region and become generalized dystonia.[]

  • Idiopathic Camptocormia

    567 Case 91 An Older Woman with Progressive Muscle Weakness 572 Case 92 An HIVInfected Man with Muscle Weakness and Spasms 577 Case 93 A Woman with Limb Swelling and Pain[] […] was a case of generalized dystonia with camptocormia.[] The cause of camptocormia in idiopathic PD is a focal myopathy.[]

  • Myoglobinuria

    Each episode was accompanied by muscle pain, limb weakness, high serum levels of creatine kinase, and pigmenturia.[] We studied an 8-year-old boy of non-Jewish, Mexican-American descent with autosomal-dominant dystonia musculorum deformans who developed rapidly progressive and severe generalized[] We report on a 23-year-old man in whom recurrent myoglobinuria was observed due to necrotizing vacuolar myopathy confirmed on muscle biopsy.[]

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