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384 Possible Causes for Generalized Dystonia, Truncal Ataxia

  • Primary Torsion Dystonia

    Fifteen of them presented with the typical DYT1 phenotype (early, limb-onset generalized dystonia without spread to craniocervical muscles), four had limb-onset dystonia with[] Three siblings had childhood onset of limb dystonia, and slow progression to generalized dystonia with predominant cranio-cervical involvement.[] Forty-six of them had segmental dystonia and 59 had focal dystonia, The other 23 patients presented with generalized dystonia, either with craniocervical involvement (13 patients[]

  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 1

    Neurological examination 5 years after onset revealed slow eye movement with nystagmus as well as limb and truncal ataxia.[] […] manifestation of SCA1 and SCA2. [8] In contrast to the usual pattern of focal or generalized dystonia reported in SCA1, our case presented with a prominent task-specific[] They may fall to the side of the lesion NOTE: patients with disease of the vermis and flocculonodular lobe will be unable to stand at all as they will have truncal ataxia–they[]

  • Adult-Onset Cervical Dystonia Type DYT23

    One family member, II-1,had additional neurological signs on examination: he exhibitedmild truncal ataxia, dysarthria, and mild cognitive impairment,all dating fromanepisodeofWernicke-Korsakoffs[] DYT1 dystonia typically presents as early onset, generalized dystonia, starting in the legs.[] […] dystonia Spinocerebellar ataxia with axonal neuropathy type 2 Meckel syndrome Asperger syndrome Antidepressant or antipsychotics toxicity or dose selection Azathioprine or[]

  • Olivopontocerebellar Atrophy

    The genetic OPCAs are generally not alpha-synucleinopathies.[] Some genetic forms have additional characteristics such as retinal involvement, extrapyramidal degeneration, spinal cord degeneration, dystonia, dementia, and other neurological[]

  • Acute Cerebellar Ataxia

    This patient developed symptoms of ACA, including nausea, vertigo, severe limb and truncal ataxia, and bilateral spontaneous continuous horizontal nystagmus with irregular[] The extremities are dusky (violet in appearance indicating autonomic dysfunction), the voice is squeaky , there is early hand dystonia and ocular dysmetria (overshoot) .[] In addition to his marked truncal ataxia and wide-based, staggering gait, he had slowness of speech, which is not commonly reported with this condition in the literature.[]

  • Ataxia

    […] and presence of subtle truncal ataxia.[] , – , 9 There are also reported cases of focal dystonia including cervical dystonia and/or dystonic head tremor but as part of a generalized dystonia. 7 , 8 More commonly[] We report on a 61-year-old woman and on a 55-year-old man who had history of recent fever, who were hospitalized because of acute severe truncal ataxia, opsoclonus and tremor[]

  • Alcoholic Cerebellar Degeneration

    ataxia Unsteady gait Nystagmus May be clinically asymptomatic in some individuals Laboratory No specific laboratory abnormalities Radiology description Atrophy of the anterior[] The extremities are dusky (violet in appearance indicating autonomic dysfunction), the voice is squeaky, there is early hand dystonia and ocular dysmetria (overshoot).[] Midline lesions can produce severe gait and truncal ataxia.[]

  • 6-Pyruvoyl-Tetrahydropterin Synthase Deficiency

    Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter Centrally nucleated skeletal muscle fibers Sideroblastic anemia Hypochromic microcytic anemia Peripheral demyelination Anemia Truncal[] dystonia with marked diurnal fluctuation.[] 6-pyruvoyl-tetrahydropterin synthase deficiency with generalized dystonia and diurnal fluctuation of symptoms: a clinical and molecular study.[]

  • Mitochondrial Membrane Protein-Associated Neurodegeneration

    Before 3 years of age (usually 6 months to 2 years), these children lose attained milestones and develop truncal hypotonia and progressive psychomotor regression.[] Conclusions MPAN is characterized by a juvenile‐onset, slowly progressive phenotype with predominant lower limb spasticity, generalized dystonia, and cognitive impairment.[] Conclusions MPAN is characterized by a juvenile-onset, slowly progressive phenotype with predominant lower limb spasticity, generalized dystonia, and cognitive impairment.[]

  • Wernicke Encephalopathy

    Cerebellar testing in bed with finger-to-nose and heel-to-shin tests may not illicit any notable deficit; thus, it is important to test for truncal ataxia with the patient[] Hence, when the basal ganglia are seen to be affected at MR imaging, the clinical signs and symptoms can vary from movement disorders (eg, chorea, tremors, bradykinesia, dystonia[] Truncal ataxia was present, even though limb coordination was intact. Tone, power, and reflexes were normal. Her laboratory investigations are presented in [Table 1].[]

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