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570 Possible Causes for Giddiness and Lightheadedness, Nodular Heterotopia of the Grey Matter, Shy Drager Syndrome

  • Anemia

    INTRODUCTION Table 1 Etiopathogenic classification of anemia. Regenerative anemia Acute or chronic bleeding Hemolytic anemia Hereditary (hemoglobinopathy, enzymopathy, membrane-cytoskeletal defects) Acquired (autoimmune, mechanical destruction, toxic-metabolic, drugs, infectious, PNH, hypersplenism) Hypo-regenerative[…][dx.doi.org]

    Missing: Nodular Heterotopia of the Grey Matter
  • Orthostatic Hypotension

    On the contrary, the pandysautonomia and Shy-Drager syndrome patients exhibited a linear positive correlation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] may be associated with Addison's disease, diabetes, and certain neurological disorders including Multiple System Atrophy with Orthostatic Hypotension (formerly known as Shy-Drager[ninds.nih.gov] A patient suffering from multiple system atrophy (Shy-Drager syndrome) with severe symptomatic postprandial orthostatic hypotension was treated.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Nodular Heterotopia of the Grey Matter
  • Iron Deficiency Anemia

    SHERSTEN KILLIP, M.D., M.P.H., JOHN M. BENNETT, M.D., M.P.H., and MARA D. CHAMBERS, M.D., University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky Am Fam Physician. 2007 Mar 1;75(5):671-678. Patient information: See a related handouts on this topic at . The prevalence of iron deficiency anemia is 2 percent in adult men, 9 to 12 percent[…][aafp.org]

    Missing: Nodular Heterotopia of the Grey Matter
  • Hypotension

    These include: Central nervous system disorders, such as Shy-Drager syndrome or multiple system atrophy Nerve problems, such as peripheral neuropathy or autonomic neuropathy[webmd.com] Primary neurodegenerative disorders of the autonomic nervous system (pure autonomic failure, and multiple system atrophy or Shy-Drager syndrome) are less common, but cause[online.epocrates.com]

    Missing: Nodular Heterotopia of the Grey Matter
  • Hyperpyrexia

    Abstract Two teenage boys, brothers, died suddenly within 2 months of each other. No clear cause of death could be identified in either case. Because of previous reports of the association between malignant hyperpyrexia and sudden death in otherwise healthy young men, we examined the parents. The father was[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Nodular Heterotopia of the Grey Matter
  • Anemia of Chronic Disease

    Postgrad Med. 2004 Nov;116(5 Suppl Anemia):17-22. doi: 10.3810/pgm.11.2004.suppl36.250. Author information 1 Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. nandrews@enders.tch.harvard.edu Abstract Anemia of chronic disease (ACD) is a prevalent condition commonly observed in patients with chronic infections, cancer,[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Nodular Heterotopia of the Grey Matter
  • Ciguatera Poisoning

    This case report presents two British medical students who contracted ciguatera poisoning while on elective in the Cook Islands. Thirty-six hours after consuming two reef fish they developed paraesthesia of the mouth, hands and feet, myalgia, pruritis and cold allodynia. Neurological examination was normal. Diagnosis[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Nodular Heterotopia of the Grey Matter
  • Syncope

    ., giddiness, lightheadedness, tunnel vision, nausea, spots in the vision).[bcmj.org] Less commonly, orthostatic hypotension can be caused by a neurologic condition such as Parkinson’s disease or multisystem atrophy, formerly known as Shy-Drager syndrome.[hopkinsmedicine.org] […] atrophy or ShyDrager syndrome, Huntington's disease and Guillain–Barré syndrome).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Nodular Heterotopia of the Grey Matter
  • Cardiac Arrhythmia

    Differences seemed to prevail vs the Shy-Drager syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The autonomic dysfunction pattern (mainly cardiac abnormalities, mydriasis) seems to differ somewhat from that of progressive autonomic failure (Shy-Drager syndrome).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Nodular Heterotopia of the Grey Matter
  • Cardiogenic Syncope

    Multiple system atrophy and Shy-Drager syndrome. In: Robertson D, Low RA, Polinsky RT, eds. Primer on the Autonomic Nervous System.[circ.ahajournals.org] Table 1: Primary and Secondary Causes of Autonomic Dysfunction Primary Pure autonomic dysfunction (Bradbury-Eggleston syndrome) Multiple system atrophy (Shy-Drager syndrome[clevelandclinicmeded.com] Google Scholar 21 Shy GM, Drager GA. A neurologic syndrome associated with orthostatic hypotension. Arch Neural . 1960 ; 3 : 511–527. Google Scholar 22 Polinsky RT.[circ.ahajournals.org]

    Missing: Nodular Heterotopia of the Grey Matter