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559 Possible Causes for Gliosis, Seizure, Vertigo

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

    Seizure as the first symptom of CJD is a very rare finding.[] Vertigo and dizziness are common neurological symptoms in general practice.[] Extensive spongiform changes were observed in the cerebral neocortex, striatum, thalamus and cerebellar cortex, but gliosis was mild or absent.[]

  • Malignant Glioma

    However, the relationship of SXC-mediated glutamate release, seizures, and tumor growth remains unclear.[] All four cases (two men and two women, aged 52-80 years; mean age, 67 years) had a floating sensation or vertigo at the onset of their disease.[] The subsequently excised mass revealed cysticercus with an exuberant granulomatous inflammation and gliosis surrounding a fibrous-walled cyst.[]

  • Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

    Contrary to the seizures, status epilepticus has been rarely observed in these conditions.[] The patient was admitted to the ED with nausea, dizziness, vertigo, and syncope. CONCLUSIONS The diagnosis of CO poisoning depends on suspicious anamnesis.[] A long-term vegetative state causes the brain to soften and liquefy because of reactive gliosis and autolytic change.[]

  • Neurocysticercosis

    Seizures are the commonest manifestation of brain parenchymal cysticercosis.[] A 43-year-old man presented with a 3 month history of headache, vertigo and swaying while walking.[] There is increasing evidence on the epileptogenic role of NCC, and the presence of edema, calcified scars, gliosis and hippocampal sclerosis support this phenomenon.[]

  • Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

    […] generalized seizures.[] The most commonly reported ADRs were lethargy and drowsiness, dizziness, vertigo and ataxia, and blurred vision and diplopia.[] […] macroscale, in vivo MRI often reveals hippocampal atrophy and decreased fractional anisotropy, whereas at the microscopic scale, there frequently is evidence of neuronal loss and gliosis[]

  • Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis

    Over the next few hours, she became disoriented and had a generalized seizure. She was given diazepam, 50% dextrose, phenytoin, mannitol, and vitamin K.[] Mouse brains appeared histologically normal on 2 dpi, but developed meningoencephalitis, neuropil vacuolation, and gliosis by 8 dpi.[] Less than 1% of adults develop severe encephalitis (swelling of the brain) featuring meningismus, lack of muscular coordination, seizures, and coma.[]

  • Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformation

    Four patients (20%) with seizures post-Onyx had no seizure history.[] The imaging findings are enlarged vessels, thrombosed sinuses, and hemorrhage or gliosis on adjacent brain parenchyma.[] As a result, histopathological studies demonstrate areas of chronic ischemia and gliosis in the region of the malformation.[]

  • Dandy-Walker Syndrome

    A 19-year-old female was referred with seizures and the Dandy-Walker syndrome. We continued the medical workup and also treated the patient with psychotherapy.[] We report a case where the patient was first diagnosed at 75 years of age because of sudden onset of unilateral senorineural deafness and episodic vertigo.[] Retinal folds are the most common ocular finding described to date, although retinal hypopigmentation, dysplasia, and areas of hemorrhage and gliosis are also found in trisomy[]

  • Cerebral Toxoplasmosis

    He had focal seizures for which he was treated as an "epileptic" with herbal preparations.[] […] biochemical disturbances caused by the CNS T. gondii infection/inflammation may also be responsible for the relationship found between neurologic symptoms, such as headache, vertigo[] A stereotactic brain biopsy of the left frontal lobe lesion revealed reactive gliosis, collections of histiocytic giant multinucleated cells, and marked perivascular lymphocytic[]

  • Hyperglycemia

    Among such seizures, reflex seizures are rare, and most of them are movement-induced focal seizures.[] A 55-year-old, male type-2 diabetic patient with liver cirrhosis stage Child-Pugh B was admitted due to dysmetria of his right arm, gait disturbance, dizziness, vertigo, and[] Elevated inositol reflects gliosis, an indicator of brain injury.[]

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