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113 Possible Causes for Glucose Increased, Hypokalemia, Variable Hypoglycemia

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    Associated Complications: CNS : retinopathy, peripheral neuropathies, and autonomic neuropathy (decreased heart rate variability, orthostatic hypotension, gastroparesis,[openanesthesia.org] Rarely, DKA patients may present with significant hypokalemia.[web.archive.org] As the blood glucose level increases, so also does the glucose content in the aqueous humor.[aao.org]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    Glycemic variability: A strong independent predictor of mortality in critically ill patients. Crit Care Med 2008;36:3008-3013. Moore C, Woollard M.[ahcmedia.com] […] also eliminates ketone bodies (2) insulin – turn off gluconeogenesis/glycogenolysis [K ] must be carefully monitored, since insulin causes K to enter cells – hyperkalemia Þ hypokalemia[d3jonline.tripod.com] As the blood glucose levels increase in HHS, the body tries to get rid of the excess glucose by increased urinary volume.[star2.com]

  • Islet Cell Tumor

    PNETs are functional or non-functional tumors and represent a heterogeneous group of neoplasms with extremely variable clinical behavior.[ec.bioscientifica.com] Hypokalemia was associated with hypoglycemia in some patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Glucagon also plays a role in the amount of glucose in the bloodstream, and in this case, it increases the amount of glucose present.[uhhospitals.org]

  • Glycogen Storage Disease Type 6

    Individuals with GSD VI typically exhibit hepatomegaly, growth retardation, and variable but mild episodes of fasting hypoglycemia and hyperketosis during early childhood.[emedicine.com] Hyponatremia - Acidosis ( Metabolic, Respiratory, Lactic ) - Alkalosis ( Metabolic, Respiratory ) - Mixed disorder of acid-base balance - H 2 O Dehydration / Hypervolemia - K Hypokalemia[wikidoc.org] Oral galactose and fructose fail to increase glucose levels but plasma lactic acid levels increase.[patient.info]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    PURPOSE: To compare one vs. two bag system with respect to blood glucose variability (BGV), time for resolution of acidosis and incidence of hypoglycemia, hypokalemia, and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This review reveals the possible pathophysiology with a chain of metabolic adaptions to decrease plasma glucose and increase plasma ketone bodies through pancreas, kidney,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , blood pressure, and body weight without intrinsic properties to cause hypoglycemia in people with type 1 diabetes.[doi.org]

  • Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

    The choice of glycemic target also depends on consideration of other variables, such as risk for hypoglycemia, weight gain, and other drug-related adverse effects, as well[doi.org] The combination of polydipsia and (nocturnal) polyuria is also seen in (primary) hyperaldosteronism (which often goes with hypokalemia).[en.wikipedia.org] glucose concentration and associated glycemia/HbA1c values, with the strength of the correlation increasing for higher glycemia/HbA1c values.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Diabetes Mellitus Type 1

    There was no significant between-group difference in the number of severe hypoglycemia events. (p 0.1276).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The combination of polydipsia and (nocturnal) polyuria is also seen in (primary) hyperaldosteronism (which often goes with hypokalemia).[en.wikipedia.org] Postprandial glucose levels increased more markedly in T1DM (to 22.1 1.4 vs. 11.2 0.6mmol/L) while insulin levels increased only in T2DM (from 24.4 4.4 to 68.8 12.3μU/mL).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Insulin Resistance

    Armen, Simulation and qualitative analysis of glucose variability, mean glucose, and hypoglycemia after subcutaneous insulin therapy for stress hyperglycemia, Theoretical[doi.org] Nephrocalcinosis, hyperaldosteronism, hyperreninemia, and hypokalemia, in the absence of hypertension, were discovered in patients 3 and 5 when 24 and 4 months old, respectively[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This was associated with suppression of endogenous glucose production by 42%, increased glucose utilization by 64%, and increased glucose oxidation by 100%.[doi.org]

  • Hyperglycemia

    Association of hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, and glucose variability with morbidity and death in the pediatric intensive care unit. Pediatrics 2006;118:173-9.[saripediatri.org] KEYWORDS: diabetes; hyperglycemia; hypokalemia; hypomagnesemia; solid organ transplant[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient s blood glucose increased up to 250 mg/dl on a glucose perfusion rate of 6 mg/kg/min after the second day of cooling.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Reye Syndrome

    hypoglycemia, and a threefold or greater elevation in serum transaminases (AST, ALT) (1,2,3).[hawaii.edu] […] elevated serum amino acid levels, acid-base disturbances (usually with hyperventilation, mixed respiratory alkalosis–metabolic acidosis), osmolar changes, hypernatremia, hypokalemia[merckmanuals.com] Small quantities of insulin may be given to increase glucose metabolism, corticosteroids to reduce brain swelling, and diuretics to increase fluid loss.[siloisd.org]

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