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64 Possible Causes for Guillain-Barré Syndrome, Hyporeflexia in the Lower Limbs

  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome

    Who gets GuillainBarré syndrome? Anyone, at any age, is susceptible to Guillain- Barré syndrome.[symptoma.com] Physical examination confirmed lower left facial palsy and paresthesia of his extremities with hyporeflexia of his lower limbs and sensory loss of all four extremities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] One patient had grade IV/V on MRC scale weakness in upper limbs with hyporeflexia and distal paresthesias in upper limbs and hyper-reflexia in lower limbs.[vdocuments.us]

  • Poliomyelitis

    It has superficial similarities to a motor axonal variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome but can be distinguished by clinical, cerebrospinal fluid, and, perhaps specifically,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Visser LHVan der Meche FGVan Doorn PA et alfor the Dutch Guillain-Barré Study Group Guillain-Barré syndrome without sensory loss (acute motor neuropathy): a subgroup with[doi.org] syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Miller-Fisher Syndrome

    […] a risk of GBS. [9] Mechanism [ edit ] GuillainBarré syndrome – nerve damage The nerve dysfunction in GuillainBarré syndrome is caused by an immune attack on the nerve cells[en.wikipedia.org] Urinary Retention Hx of rapidly progressive bilateral leg weakness e.g. after a diarrhoea illness 3-4 weeks before Examn: - Lower limb LMN signs Hyporeflexia Flaccid paralysis[brainscape.com] Tendon hyporeflexia in both the upper and lower extremities were observed, and the bilateral Babinski sign was negative.[alliedacademies.org]

  • Respiratory Muscle Paralysis

    Synonym: acute inflammatory polyneuritis Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a disorder causing demyelination and axonal degeneration resulting in acute, ascending and progressive[patient.info] […] weakness is of a lower–motor neuron pattern, with flaccid tone, areflexia, or hyporeflexia.[clevelandclinicmeded.com] syndrome... [4] All About Guillain-Barré Syndrome, S.[guillain-barre.co.uk]

  • Food-Borne Botulism

    Guillain-Barré syndrome. Poisoning. Myasthenia gravis. Bulbar palsy.[patient.info] syndrome.[health.gov.on.ca] […] made through a combination of clinical assessment by a physician and specialized tests to eliminate other illnesses or conditions such as a stroke, myasthenia gravis and Guillain-Barré[canada.ca]

  • Myelitis

    In parallel with the ZIKV epidemic, an increase in cases of neurological disorders which include Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), encephalitis, and myelitis have been linked[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Loss of lower limb power was graded as severe (MRC grade 0–1), moderate (MRC grade II–III), or mild (MRC grade IV or V).[jnnp.bmj.com] Guillain-Barré syndrome can be distinguished because it does not localize to a specific spinal segment. Diagnosis requires MRI and CSF analysis.[merckmanuals.com]

  • West Nile Encephalitis

    Unlike patients with classic Guillain-Barré syndrome, all those hospitalized with West Nile virus infections had pleocytosis.[nejm.org] […] weakness is of a lower–motor neuron pattern, with flaccid tone, areflexia, or hyporeflexia.[clevelandclinicmeded.com] Interestingly, WNP is not a transient demyelinating process, as seen with infection-mediated Guillain-Barré syndrome; rather, the paralysis is due to irreversible anterior[clinicalcorrelations.org]

  • Ophthalmoplegia

    Recognition of this rare clinical presentation can help avoid misdiagnosis as Guillain-Barré syndrome or its ocular variant, namely Miller Fisher Syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] limb muscle weakness Limb muscle weakness Pectus carinatum Scoliosis Respiratory failure EMG: decremental response of compound muscle action potential to repetitive nerve[mendelian.co] Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS) is an acute polyradiculoneuritis regarded as an uncommon clinical variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Tonic Pupil

    Guillain-Barré syndrome and Campylobacter jejuni: a serological study. BMJ 1984; 288 :1867–9.[nature.com] When hyporeflexia or areflexia of the lower limbs is also found, it is called Adie syndrome, which is reported to be a chronic phenomenon.[journals.lww.com] Guillain-Barré syndrome associated with Campylobacter infection. BMJ 1982; 285 :173–4. 5 Mishu B, Blaser MJ.[nature.com]

  • Arachnoiditis

    Neurologic evaluation, magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, and electromyography indicated the presence of both arachnoiditis and Guillain-Barré syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical description Patients present with chronic, persistent deafferentiation pain in the lower back, limbs and trunk that is increased by activity, hyporeflexia, loss of[orpha.net] […] factors included trauma (n 10), prior surgery (n 9), nontraumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (n 7), infection (n 3), myelography with iophendylate used as contrast medium (n 1), Guillain-Barré[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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