Create issue ticket

158 Possible Causes for Gynecomastia, Portal Hypertension, Testicular Atrophy

  • Hemochromatosis

    Nonarticular manifestations Physical exam findings include hepatomegaly, extrahepatic manifestations of chronic liver disease, testicular atrophy, gynecomastia, loss of body[] […] vein (portal hypertension), which is the main vein that carries blood from the intestines to the liver.[] Testicular atrophy, sometimes caused by excessive iron deposition in the testes, is a risk factor for testicular cancer.[]

  • Hepatitis C

    atrophy.[] […] and portal hypertension based on evidence in literature, including randomized clinical trials and met-analyses.[] As cirrhosis develops, symptoms and signs increase and may include: Elevated liver enzymes in the blood Weakness Loss of appetite Weight loss Breast enlargement in men ( gynecomastia[]

  • Portal Cirrhosis

    Increased Estrogen: Increased levels of estrogen in those with cirrhosis can result in development of spider telangiectasias , as well as testicular atrophy in men End-stage[] ., gynecomastia , hypogonadism ).[] […] of various portal hypertensive dis orders, has clearly been achieved by these excellent contributions.[]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    ENDOCRINE – Cirrhosis leading to gynecomastia and testicular atrophy, amenorrhea/infertility. Alcohol can also cause hypoglycemia in alcoholics.[] Fibrosis narrows the terminal hepatic venules, compromising hepatic perfusion and thus contributing to portal hypertension .[] For men, a large number of epidemiological studies evidenced that excessive alcohol consumption is associated with impaired testosterone production and testicular atrophy.[]

  • Liver Cirrhosis

    atrophy (shrinking) and impotence in males or amenorrhoea (no periods) in women cognitive problems such as memory loss, confusion or concentration difficulties.[] Cirrhosis signs, include jaundice, gynecomastia (up to one third of men), loss of axillary and pubic hair, ascites, and splenomegaly (due to portal hypertension), finger clubbing[] This case report is of a 32-year-old woman of African descent on follow-up for pregnancy in the background of portal hypertension due to liver cirrhosis.[]

  • Spironolactone

    atrophy.[] A study of the histopathology of human gynecomastia. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1971;32:173-8. Narual HS, Carlson HE. Gynecomastia.[] Spironolactone lowers portal hypertension by inhibiting liver fibrosis, ROCK-2 activity and activating NO/PKG pathway in the bile-duct-ligated rat.[]

  • Adrenocortical Carcinoma

    Oestrogen production occurs in 1% to 3% of male ACC patients, causing gynaecomastia and testicular atrophy. 2.[] We herein present a 60-year-old man with adrenocortical carcinoma who had gynecomastia.[] […] of portal hypertension or clinical stigmata of such including but not limited to gastric or esophageal varices, umbilical vein varices or telangectasias.[]

  • Hepatocellular Carcinoma

    , in that the hormonal influence of the fibrolamellar cancer cells cause the gynecomastia.[] Multivariate analyses identified that platelet count, ICG-R15, clinically significant portal hypertension, and major resection were independent factors for predicting severe[] This includes jaundice, caput medusa, spider angiomata, asterixis , palmar erythema, peripheral edema, gynecomastia, and testicular atrophy.[]

  • Liver Disease

    atrophy (and how do you know, what is normal?)[] It can complicate chronic liver disease of any etiology, but is most commonly associated with portal hypertension.[] Symptoms of cirrhosis of the liver include: easy bruising may occur due to decreased production of clotting factors; bile salts can deposit in the skin causing itching ; gynecomastia[]

  • Chronic Hepatitis

    Breast swelling (gynaecomastia), testicular atrophy, loss of libido and amenorrhoea due to endocrine dysfunction. Confusion and drowsiness (encephalopathy).[] In advanced stages of chronic hepatitis, features of cirrhosis like hepatosplenomegaly, palmar erythema, parotid enlargement, spider nevi, gynecomastia and even ascites, portal[] hypertension .[]

Similar symptoms