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78 Possible Causes for Gynecomastia, Portal Hypertension, Testicular Atrophy

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    ENDOCRINE – Cirrhosis leading to gynecomastia and testicular atrophy, amenorrhea/infertility. Alcohol can also cause hypoglycemia in alcoholics.[errolozdalga.com] Portal hypertension results in an elevation in pressure throughout the vascular tree above the portal vein.[hopkinsmedicine.org] atrophy, impaired fertility and reduced facial hair, high oestrogen levels with gynaecomastia, change in fat distribution and loss of body hair Oesophagus: ulcer, varices[dermnetnz.org]

  • Portal Cirrhosis

    Increased Estrogen: Increased levels of estrogen in those with cirrhosis can result in development of spider telangiectasias, as well as testicular atrophy in men End-stage[pathwaymedicine.org] ., gynecomastia, hypogonadism ).[amboss.com] […] of various portal hypertensive dis orders, has clearly been achieved by these excellent contributions.[books.google.com]

  • Hemochromatosis

    Testicular atrophy, sometimes caused by excessive iron deposition in the testes, is a risk factor for testicular cancer.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Nonarticular manifestations Physical exam findings include hepatomegaly, extrahepatic manifestations of chronic liver disease, testicular atrophy, gynecomastia, loss of body[rheumatologyadvisor.com] […] vein (portal hypertension), which is the main vein that carries blood from the intestines to the liver.[rarediseases.org]

  • Liver Cirrhosis

    atrophy (shrinking) and impotence in males or amenorrhoea (no periods) in women cognitive problems such as memory loss, confusion or concentration difficulties.[betterhealth.vic.gov.au] Cirrhosis signs, include jaundice, gynecomastia (up to one third of men), loss of axillary and pubic hair, ascites, and splenomegaly (due to portal hypertension), finger clubbing[symptoma.com] This case report is of a 32-year-old woman of African descent on follow-up for pregnancy in the background of portal hypertension due to liver cirrhosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hepatitis C

    […] in patients with decompensated liver disease include the following: Head signs: Icteric sclera, temporal muscle wasting, enlarged parotid gland, cyanosis Fetor hepaticus Gynecomastia[emedicine.com] […] and portal hypertension based on evidence in literature, including randomized clinical trials and met-analyses.[idsociety.org] Technical and therapeutic advances have appeared in all areas of hepatology, in particular portal hypertension, liver tumours, genetic diseases and imaging, both diagnostic[books.google.com]

  • Alcoholic Liver Disease

    […] gain malnutrition and wasting anorexia fatigue confusion pruritus fever nausea and vomiting finger clubbing Dupuytren contracture leg swelling parotid gland enlargement gynecomastia[online.epocrates.com] Its blood level predicts portal hypertension and long-term mortality in AC patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] atrophy.1,5 Portal blood flow together with hepatic vascular resistance are both increased secondary to alcohol consumption this increases portal pressure and collateral[rcemlearning.co.uk]

  • Myotonic Dystrophy

    The presenting clinical features of this condition include distal muscle weakness, myotonia, intellectual decline, cataract, frontal baldness and testicular atrophy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] hypertension and oesophageal varicosities since age 48 years.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] (most frequently involving the hands, forearms, and face), myotonia, frontal baldness, lenticular opacities, and testicular atrophy.[curlie.org]

  • Liver Disease

    atrophy (and how do you know, what is normal?)[stanfordmedicine25.stanford.edu] Three patients with a medical history of breast carcinoma and metastatic carcinomatous liver disease associated with severe portal hypertension and refractory ascites are[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] anorexia itchy skin weakness More serious symptoms include: confusion and difficulty thinking clearly abdominal swelling (ascites) swelling of the legs (edema) impotence gynecomastia[healthline.com]

  • Liver Failure

    […] a star of David) Drowsiness and confusion Parotid gland enlargement Spider angiomas Icterus Bilateral parotid swelling ( Credit ) Diminished axillary hair Spider angioma Gynecomastia[stanfordmedicine25.stanford.edu] BACKGROUND Major or aggressively-extended hepatectomy (MAEH) may cause secondary portal hypertension (PH), and postoperative liver failure (POLF) and is often fatal.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] weakness, and weight loss Cruveilhier-Baumgarten murmur—a venous hum in patients with portal hypertension Dupuytren’s contracture Fetor hepaticus—a sweet, pungent breath odor Gynecomastia[aafp.org]

  • Cardiac Cirrhosis

    atrophy, gynecomastia) Complications: Decompensation: development of jaundice, ascites, variceal hemorrhage or hepatic encephalopathy Portal hypertension: ascites ( spontaneous[pathologyoutlines.com] Abstract Portal hypertension is caused primarily by obstruction of the hepatic vasculature.[link.springer.com] Enlarged breasts in male patients - Enlarged breasts, referred to as gynecomastia are common with liver disease due to an increase in estrogen caused by liver dysfunction.[verywell.com]

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