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49 Possible Causes for Gynecomastia, Small Phallus

  • Reifenstein Syndrome

    Patients with Reifenstein syndrome are noted at birth to have some degree of pseudohermaphroditism, ranging from simple hypospadias to a small phallus with a perineal urethral[iths.pure.elsevier.com] More severely affected individuals also develop gynecomastia associated with enhanced estradiol secretion by the testis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In the two living members, one had a micropenis with otherwise normal genitalia, while the other had a small phallus, perineoscrotal hypospadias, bifid scrotum, and persistence[jamanetwork.com]

  • Male Pseudohermaphroditism

    She had a male habitus, Wolffian ducts derivatives, normal testes and small phallus; there were no Mullerian duct derivatives nor gynaecomastia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Case 1 presented at age 17 with perineal hypospadias virilization without gynecomastia and a female to male gender role change at puberty.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The males presented to our hospital with ambiguous genitalia: small phallus, bifid scrotum, perineoscrotal hypospadias, and undescended testes (UDT).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Klinefelter Syndrome

    In infancy, males with 47,XXY may have chromosomal evaluations done for hypospadias, small phallus or cryptorchidism, developmental delay.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Gynecomastia is treated surgically because of the potential danger of malignancy or for cosmetic reasons.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In infancy, males with 47,XXY may have chromosomal evaluations done for hypospadias, small phallus or cryptorchidism [ 6 ].[doi.org]

  • Klinefelter's Syndrome with XY/XXY Mosaic

    Any male at any age with apparent small phallus, hypospadias, and small firm testes deserves chromosomal analysis.[dermatologyadvisor.com] Figure 1: (a) Bilateral gynecomastia. (b) A penis with the normally located urethral meatus.[urologyannals.com] These include the following [31] : Infants - Hypospadias, small phallus, cryptorchidism (undescended testes) Toddlers - Developmental delay (especially expressive language[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • True Hermaphroditism

    ., the benefit of small phallus favors an adequate and functional vagina.[ispub.com] OBJECTIVE: To report a rare case of true hermaphroditism presenting in adolescence as bilateral gynecomastia in a phenotypic male. DESIGN: Case report.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] With an increased awareness of intersex states, the condition is recognized more often in infants because of ambiguous genitalia, usually in the form of a small phallus (enlarged[humpath.com]

  • Primary Male Hypogonadism

    This leads to diminished testosterone secretion by the fetal testes, resulting in birth with a small phallus (micropenis) .[enotes.tripod.com] Spironolactone How does Cimetidine and Spironolactone cause gynecomastia?[quizlet.com] Increase oestrogen effect on breast tissue What are the causes of gynecomastia?[brainscape.com]

  • Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome

    Data on individuals with micropenis is further confused by the incorrect practice of some authors of describing individuals with a small phallus including hypospadias as having[ijpeonline.biomedcentral.com] BACKGROUND: Although tamoxifen has been shown to be fairly safe and effective for idiopathic pubertal gynecomastia, it remains unknown whether it is also beneficial for gynecomastia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Following puberty, along with gynecomastia, there may be diminished body and facial hair, a female pubic hair pattern, small phallus, poor muscular development, and progressive[hawaii.edu]

  • Anorchia

    In addition, a small phallus is a frequent clinical finding in anorchid patients (Bernasconi et al., 1992).[funpecrp.com.br] Types of Gynecomastia: Type I: Benign adolescent hypertrophy Physiologic discoid subacute mass Resolves spontaneously Type II: Physiologic gynecomastia - Generalized enlargement[enotes.tripod.com] Bilateral anorchia with normal differentiated but small phallus (micropenis) is also a recognized variant of the syndrome.[slideshare.net]

  • 48,XXXY Syndrome

    Carious teeth;HP:0000679 Taurodontia;HP:0000682 Abnormality of dental enamel;HP:0000684 Delayed eruption of teeth;HP:0000689 Dental malocclusion;HP:0000717 Autism;HP:0000771 Gynecomastia[pediascape.org] In infancy, males with 47,XXY may have chromosomal evaluations done for hypospadias, small phallus or cryptorchidism, developmental delay.[susans.org] The two most common complaints leading to diagnosis of the condition are gynecomastia and infertility .[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • 48,XXYY Syndrome

    In infancy, males with 47,XXY may have chromosomal evaluations done for hypospadias, small phallus or cryptorchidism [ 6 ].[ojrd.biomedcentral.com] Abstract A 56-yr-old man with hypogonadism, gynecomastia, and mental retardation was evaluated for chromosome constitution and thrombocytopenia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] They present with developmental delay, hypogonadism, gynecomastia, intention tremors, and a spectrum of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders.[ijem.in]

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