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25 Possible Causes for Gynecomastia, Supraclavicular Fat Pads

  • Obesity

    Sedentary lifestyles and increased pollution brought about by industrialization pose major challenges to the prevention of both obesity and chronic respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, obstructive sleep apnea and obesity hypoventilation syndrome. Obesity has emerged[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Adrenocortical Carcinoma

    Abstract We herein present a 60-year-old man with adrenocortical carcinoma who had gynecomastia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] pads.[symptoma.com] Findings in male patients include gynecomastia and hypertension; findings in female patients include precocious sexual development and hypertension.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Cushing's Disease

    Individuals with Cushing syndrome can develop moon facies, facial plethora, supraclavicular fat pads, buffalo hump, truncal obesity, and purple striae, as shown in the image[emedicine.medscape.com] fat pads (buffalo hump) Usually, very slender distal extremities and fingers Muscle wasting and weakness are present.[merckmanuals.com] At baseline and at months 6 and 12, a reviewer at each site assessed patients for signs of hypercortisolism (facial rubor and supraclavicular and dorsal fat pads) by scoring[nejm.org]

  • Morbid Obesity

    He had gynecomastia, small testes and penis, very sparse body hair and his body mass index was 44.85.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On presentation, he had notable gynecomastia and a low testicular volume. The patient's weight was 154 kg and his height was 168 cm (BMI 54.5 kg/m(2)).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Phenotype manifestations of this syndrome are small testes, fibrosis of the seminiferous tubules, inability to produce sperm, gynecomastia, tall stature, decrease of serum[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Bronchogenic Carcinoma

    Bronchogenic carcinoma manifesting as gynecomastia had been resected a few months previously. Neurological examination revealed left cerebellar ataxia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] – between scapula and neck Supraclavicular fat pads I mmunosuppression (Opportunistic infection) – decreases lymphocyte and monocyte function and production; decreased complement[epomedicine.com] . - Parathormone or prostaglandin E (hypercalcemia) - Calcitonin (hypocalcemia) - Gonadotropin (gynecomastia) - Serotonin (carcinoid syndrome) Other paraneoplastic syndromes[histopathology-india.net]

  • Iatrogenic Cushing's Disease

    ( P70-P74 ) Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases E20-E35 2019 ICD-10-CM Range E20-E35 Disorders of other endocrine glands Type 1 Excludes galactorrhea ( N64.3 ) gynecomastia[icd10data.com] Individuals with Cushing syndrome can develop moon facies, facial plethora, supraclavicular fat pads, buffalo hump, truncal obesity, and purple striae, as shown in the image[emedicine.medscape.com] He had bilateral gynecomastia and bilateral small testis (3 ml) and Tanner stage 2 pubic hair.[e-ijd.org]

  • Adrenal Cortical Adenoma

    A physical exam may reveal central obesity, hirsutism, striae, and gynecomastia. An ophthalmologic exam may reveal retinopathy secondary to chronic hypertension.[symptoma.com] The association with facial rounding (“moon face”) and supraclavicular and dorsocervical fat pads (“buffalo hump”) is less strong as these can be seen in obesity from other[cancertherapyadvisor.com] Virilization: Females: increased muscle mass (Herculean habitus), clitoromegaly, facial hair, deep voice, pubic hair Males: penile enlargement, pubic hair Feminization: gynecomastia[pathologyoutlines.com]

  • Adrenal Cortex Hormone

    The adrenal cortex secretes steroid hormones. In this lesson, you will learn about two of these steroid hormones: glucocorticoids, which help you deal with long-term stress, and androgens, which influence male sexual characteristics. Adrenal Cortex Adrenal glands are located on top of the kidneys. The adrenal glands[…][study.com]

  • ACTH-Independent Cushing Syndrome

    […] adenomas and carcinomas Virilization: in females-male pattern baldness, clitoromegaly and deepening of voice Feminization: in males-loss of libido, testicular atrophy and gynecomastia[pathologyoutlines.com] fat pad, sometimes known as a 'buffalo hump' purple skin striae easy skin bruising acanthosis nigricans proximal myopathy depression and other mood disorders osteoporosis[radiopaedia.org] ( P70-P74 ) Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases E20-E35 2019 ICD-10-CM Range E20-E35 Disorders of other endocrine glands Type 1 Excludes galactorrhea ( N64.3 ) gynecomastia[icd10data.com]

  • Cushing Syndrome

    ( P70-P74 ) Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases E20-E35 2019 ICD-10-CM Range E20-E35 Disorders of other endocrine glands Type 1 Excludes galactorrhea ( N64.3 ) gynecomastia[icd10data.com] Features more specific to Cushing's syndrome include proximal muscle weakness, supraclavicular fat pads, facial plethora, violaceous striae, easy bruising, and premature osteoporosis[bestpractice.bmj.com] Side effects of ketoconazole include headache , sedation, nausea , irregular menses, decreased libido, impotence , gynecomastia (excessive development of the male mammary[emedicinehealth.com]

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