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269 Possible Causes for Gynecomastia, Testicular Atrophy

  • Klinefelter Syndrome

    ) Those with absence of germ cells, but without testicular atrophy , germinal epithelium is affected. 5.[biologydiscussion.com] Gynecomastia is treated surgically because of the potential danger of malignancy or for cosmetic reasons.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] REIFENSTEIN, FULLER ALBRIGHT, Syndrome Characterized by Gynecomastia, Aspermatogenesis without A-Leydigism, and Increased Excretion of Follicle-Stimulating Hormone, The Journal[doi.org]

  • Klinefelter's Syndrome with XY/XXY Mosaic

    Testicular histopathology revealed marked atrophy of the testes with no spermatogenesis and absence of germ cells.[unboundmedicine.com] Physical examination revealed bilateral gynecomastia and small testes [Figure 3] and a female escutcheon. Considering the possibility of KFS, he was investigated.[e-ijd.org] After puberty, signs of androgen deficiency develop (infertility, decreased virilization, small penis, low muscle mass), in addition small firm testes, gynecomastia , and[urology-textbook.com]

  • Male Hypogonadism

    This treatment can be associated with skin irritation, gynecomastia, nipple tenderness, testicular atrophy, and decline in sperm counts.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Since gynecomastia is a prominent clinical manifestation in patients with 17-ketosteroid reductase deficiency after puberty, 2,9-11 we suspected that some men with gynecomastia[nejm.org] HCG is being used to mimic luetinizing hormone to increase testosterone production in athletes and those with testicular atrophy.[digitalnaturopath.com]

  • Primary Male Hypogonadism

    atrophy (more common with primary hypogonadism), muscular atrophy, osteoporotic fractures, and height loss.[ 4 ] As a comorbid condition, hypogonadism occurs with increased[bcmj.org] Increase oestrogen effect on breast tissue What are the causes of gynecomastia?[brainscape.com] However, absence of LH results in Leydig cell atrophy and testosterone deficiency.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Andropause

    Adverse side effects from excess Testosterone administration listed in the medical literature are: sleep apnea, breast enlargement, testicular atrophy, excess blood count[drdach.com] Most significant in this population are the side effects of hot flashes, anemia, gynecomastia, depression, cognitive decline, sarcopenia, a decreased overall quality of life[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] RESULTS: The most frequently mentioned adverse effects were hot flashes and night sweats, gynecomastia, cognitive decline, and changes in sexual function.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Portal Cirrhosis

    Increased Estrogen: Increased levels of estrogen in those with cirrhosis can result in development of spider telangiectasias , as well as testicular atrophy in men End-stage[pathwaymedicine.org] ., gynecomastia , hypogonadism ).[amboss.com] Males can have testicular atrophy and excessive breast tissue (gynecomastia), while women may experience an absence of menstruation (amenorrhea).[innerbody.com]

  • Hemochromatosis

    Testicular atrophy, sometimes caused by excessive iron deposition in the testes, is a risk factor for testicular cancer.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Nonarticular manifestations Physical exam findings include hepatomegaly, extrahepatic manifestations of chronic liver disease, testicular atrophy, gynecomastia, loss of body[rheumatologyadvisor.com] atrophy Parkinsonism Osteoporosis Hearing loss Pleural effusion Hair loss III.[faculty.washington.edu]

  • Liver Cirrhosis

    Cirrhosis signs, include jaundice, gynecomastia (up to one third of men), loss of axillary and pubic hair, ascites, and splenomegaly (due to portal hypertension), finger clubbing[symptoma.com] atrophy (shrinking) and impotence in males or amenorrhoea (no periods) in women cognitive problems such as memory loss, confusion or concentration difficulties.[betterhealth.vic.gov.au] […] a star of David) Drowsiness and confusion Parotid gland enlargement Spider angiomas Icterus Bilateral parotid swelling ( Credit ) Diminished axillary hair Spider angioma Gynecomastia[stanfordmedicine25.stanford.edu]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    ENDOCRINE – Cirrhosis leading to gynecomastia and testicular atrophy, amenorrhea/infertility. Alcohol can also cause hypoglycemia in alcoholics.[errolozdalga.com] atrophy , impaired fertility and reduced facial hair , high oestrogen levels with gynaecomastia , change in fat distribution and loss of body hair Oesophagus: ulcer , varices[dermnetnz.org] Alcoholic Liver Disease Physical Examination Constitutional Fever Skin Spider angioma Parotid and lacrimal gland enlargement Palmer erythema Jaundice Decreased body hair Gynecomastia[clevelandclinicmeded.com]

  • Myotonic Dystrophy

    The presenting clinical features of this condition include distal muscle weakness, myotonia, intellectual decline, cataract, frontal baldness and testicular atrophy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] (most frequently involving the hands, forearms, and face), myotonia, frontal baldness, lenticular opacities, and testicular atrophy.[curlie.org] A progressive testicular atrophy occurs in about 80% in the affected males leading to Leydig cell hyperproliferation and elevated basal follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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