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59 Possible Causes for Hallucinations, Hyperkalemia, Ketosis

  • Acidosis

    She responded to thiazide diuretics and her BP is well controlled, and acidosis and hyperkalemia are corrected.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Neurological: “hypercapnic encephalopathy”include 1. irritability, inability to concentrate, 2. headache, anorexia, 3. apathy, confusion, combativeness, hallucinations, delirium[slideshare.net] Synonyms Acidosis, metabolic Alcohol induced ketoacidosis Alcoholic ketoacidosis Ketoacidosis due to acute alcohol intoxication Ketoacidosis due to acute alcoholic intoxication Ketosis[icd9data.com]

  • Poorly Controlled Diabetes Mellitus

    Hyperkalemia (confirmed with repeat measurement and electrocardiogram) and renal insufficiency are contraindications to potassium infusion.[spectrum.diabetesjournals.org] He reported no hallucinations but could sometimes be seen responding to internal stimuli and would occasionally complain of having unusual thoughts that disturbed him. 1.[clinicaladvisor.com] Patients seldom develop ketosis but often exhibit obesity.[icd10data.com]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    He presented in hyperglycemic, hyperosmolar, hyperketotic state with hyperkalemia, and peaked T waves on electrocardiogram.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms may also include thirst, confusion or hallucinations, and fever. The main difference from DKA is the absence of ketone production in the body.[diabetesforecast.org] This particular presentation of diabetes has been termed as ketosis-prone type 2 diabetes (KPDM) or atypical diabetes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Coma

    Hyperkalemia with EKG changes should prompt treatment of the hyperkalemia with typical protocols (including calcium carbonate, insulin and bicarbonate which is otherwise generally[cancertherapyadvisor.com] […] thirst (although this may gradually disappear) Warm, dry skin that does not sweat High fever (over 101 degrees Fahrenheit, for example) Sleepiness or confusion Loss of vision Hallucinations[verywell.com] The latter designation is a misnomer, because a mild degree of ketosis often is present, and a true coma is uncommon.[acronymattic.com]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    […] symptoms, probably protective against further ingestion of glucose osmotic diuresis (from hyperglycemia) causes polyuria/polydipsia, systemic dehydration, and hypotension hyperkalemia[d3jonline.tripod.com] As your body loses more and more water, you may notice: High fever Weakness Drowsiness Altered mental state Headache Restlessness Inability to speak Visual problems Hallucinations[webmd.com] During ketosis, ketones can easily be detected in the urine.[docsopinion.com]

  • Respiratory Acidosis

    CNS; HA, drowsy, restless, tremor, cofusion, disorientation - COMA (cerebral vasodilation, increased bloodflow to brain) & death -increased HR, lack of energy, weakness -hyperkalemia[quizlet.com] Following non-specific symptoms may be seen in patients suffering from respiratory acidosis: Anxiety Breathlessness Disturbed sleep Excessive daytime sleepiness Hallucinations[healthhype.com] Synonyms Acidosis, metabolic Alcohol induced ketoacidosis Alcoholic ketoacidosis Ketoacidosis due to acute alcohol intoxication Ketoacidosis due to acute alcoholic intoxication Ketosis[icd9data.com]

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    It presents with asymptomatic hyperkalemia along with hyperchloraemic metabolic acidosis without significant renal function impairment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] (affect) ranging from extreme elation or mania to severe depression and usually accompanied by disturbances in thinking and behaviour: psychotic features (delusions and hallucinations[doi.org] "Essential labile diabetes" is an insulin-dependent diabetes, in the course of which irregular and unpredictable hyperglycemias, frequently with ketosis, and sometimes serious[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypoglycemia

    Spurious hypoglycemia, hyperkalemia and hypoxemia in chronic hemolytic anemia. Isr J Med Sci . 1990 Nov. 26(11):606-10. [Medline] . Jokinen CH, Swaim WR, Nuttall FQ.[emedicine.com] […] dL) Dry, parched mouth Extreme thirst (which may gradually disappear) Warm, dry skin that does not sweat High fever (greater than 101 degrees F) Sleepiness or confusion Hallucinations[visionaware.org] A fasting study showed euglycemia with suppression of insulin and appropriate ketosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Status Epilepticus

    Choice of paralytic Succinylcholine could cause hyperkalemia if seizures have been extremely prolonged and rhabdomyolysis has already developed or if there is an underlying[first10em.com] […] sensory cortex are expected to be associated with focal sensory symptoms, and occipital focal SE causes focal visual symptoms (eg, flashing spots of light, colorful visual hallucinations[emedicine.com] In a multicentre retrospective study of 10 adult patients, 90% of patients achieved ketosis, and SE ceased in a median of 3 days in all patients who achieved ketosis. 49 Prospective[hkmj.org]

  • Electrolyte Imbalance

    Further endocrine evaluation suggested selective hyperreninemic hypoaldosteronism as a cause of hyperkalemia. KEYWORDS: Hyperkalemia; Hypernatremia; Myotonic Dystrophy[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hallucinations, confusion, delirium. Thirst. Low blood pressure. Constipation. Problem in co-ordination. Stiffness of joints. Coma.[tandurust.com] Eades, “Metabolism and Ketosis”. [1]Effects of insulin on renal sodium excretion. Gupta AK, Clark RV, Kirchner KA.[ketogains.com]

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