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161 Possible Causes for Head Circumference Enlarged

  • Vitamin B12 Deficiency

    Upon admission, his weight, length and head circumference were below the third percentile, he had an enlarged liver and spleen, and showed a significant delay in developmental[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] circumference, cm 39 42 43.5 45 46 Pathological clinical findings Poor weight gain, feeding difficulties, severe pallor, muscle hypotonia, somnolence, enlarged liver and[biomedcentral.com] Physical examination upon admission confirmed the pallor and revealed that the child was below the 3rd percentile for weight (4,800 g), length (60 cm) and head circumference[biomedcentral.com]

  • Diabetic Enteropathy

    Examination Check the general nutritional status of the patient - eg, height, weight, head circumference in children.[patient.info] Look for signs of acute liver disease (eg, enlarged liver, tenderness in the right upper quadrant).[patient.info]

  • Klinefelter Syndrome

    Head circumference tends to remain around the 50th percentile while height approximates the 75th percentile.[advancedpsy.com] Individuals with KS can have gynecomastia (enlargement of the breast tissue) which ranges in frequency from 10% to 88% depending on the study.[advancedpsy.com]

  • Hyperthyroidism

    We describe a 6-month-old boy with a de novo mutation in the TSHR gene who presented with accelerated growth, enlarging head circumference, tremor and thyrotoxicosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Subdural Hematoma

    In infants, subdural hematomas can cause the fontanel to bulge and the head circumference to enlarge. Diagnosis is usually confirmed by MRI or CT scan .[medicinenet.com]

  • Ependymoma

    head circumference secondary to obstructive hydrocephalus Supratentorial ependymomas: Increased intracranial pressure manifested as headache, nausea, vomiting, and cognitive[emedicine.medscape.com] […] headache, nausea, and vomiting; multiple cranial-nerve palsies (primarily VI-X), as well as cerebellar dysfunction In children who present before closure of cranial sutures, enlarging[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Choroid Plexus Papilloma

    A 6-month-old baby with enlarged head circumference was found on ultrasound to have a choroid plexus papilloma with striking sonographic appearance.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] He was found to have an enlarged head circumference, a full and tense fontanel, splayed sutures, and forced downward gaze.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] head circumference, seizures and gait impairment due to an increase in intracranial pressure.[orpha.net]

  • Intracranial Hemorrhage

    However, using serial cranial sonography, it has been shown that enlargement of the lateral ventricles may precede change in head circumference.[uichildrens.org] Infants with increased ICP might present with a bulging fontanelle, enlarged head circumference, emesis, failure to thrive, and seizure. Chronic SDH is a grand imitator.[cdemcurriculum.com] Post hemorrhagic hydrocephalus It has been well demonstrated that enlarging head circumference is an insensitive sign of hydrocephalus in the premature infant.[uichildrens.org]

  • Hydrocephalus

    Diagnosis Examination in infants may reveal the following findings: Head enlargement (head circumference 98th percentile for age), especially crossing percentiles on the growth[emedicine.medscape.com] In children whose cranial sutures have yet to fuse, there is a rapid enlargement of the head circumference 2.[radiopaedia.org]

  • Graves Disease

    Some of them include frequent bowel movements, increased heart rate, low birth weight, small head circumference, and an enlarged thyroid gland (goiter).[thyroid.about.com]

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