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10 Possible Causes for Head Jerking, Muscle Twitch, Onset of Dysarthria in Third Decade of Life

  • Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome

    They may experience involuntary muscle contractions (dystonia) of the head and neck, resulting in repetitive movements and contortions.[ghr.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical features Dystonia Dysarthria Spasticity Choreoathetosis Parkinsonism Hyperreflexia Extensor toe signs Onset in first to third decade of life Gait change / loss of[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] They may experience involuntary muscle contractions (dystonia) of the head and neck, resulting in repetitive movements and contortions.[ghr.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Autosomal Dominant Spastic Ataxia Type 1

    (atrophy); and muscle twitches (fasciculations).[ghr.nlm.nih.gov] […] in third to fifth decade of life Pure cerebellar ataxia, nystagmus, dysarthria, dysphagia, hypotonia, and generalized and/or complex partial epilepsy Spinocerebellar ataxia[emedicine.medscape.com] […] of muscles or parts of muscles, without any rhythm or pattern, occurring in various brain disorders) 19q SCA16 39 yrs (20-66) 1-40 years Head and hand tremor 8q SCA17 ( TBP[psychology.wikia.com]

  • Episodic Ataxia

    This abnormality can cause muscle cramping, stiffness, and continuous, fine muscle twitching that appears as rippling under the skin.[ghr.nlm.nih.gov] […] in third to fifth decade of life Pure cerebellar ataxia, nystagmus, dysarthria, dysphagia, hypotonia, and generalized and/or complex partial epilepsy Spinocerebellar ataxia[emedicine.com] Abstract Episodic ataxia type 1 (EA1) is a Shaker-like channelopathy characterized by continuous myokymia and attacks of imbalance with jerking movements of the head, arms[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ataxia

    The episodes are triggered by stress, being startled or sudden movement, and often are associated with muscle twitching.[mayoclinic.org] […] in third to fifth decade of life Pure cerebellar ataxia, nystagmus, dysarthria, dysphagia, hypotonia, and generalized and/or complex partial epilepsy Spinocerebellar ataxia[emedicine.medscape.com] , head and voice tremor, dysphagia, cognitive symptoms and depression.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Spastic Ataxia with Congenital Miosis

    Muscle findings of only fasiculations and the workup of such* Definition Muscle twitching is caused by minor muscle contractions in the area, or uncontrollable twitching of[flashcardmachine.com] […] in third to fifth decade of life Pure cerebellar ataxia, nystagmus, dysarthria, dysphagia, hypotonia, and generalized and/or complex partial epilepsy Spinocerebellar ataxia[emedicine.medscape.com] Truncal tremor may be evident - constant jerking of the trunk and head. Limb ataxia Lesions of the cerebellar hemisphere cause ipsilateral signs.[patient.info]

  • Neurodegeneration with Brain Iron Accumulation

    muscle twitches) Muscle weakness Stiffness of limbs Dystonia: Involuntary muscle contractions that cause repetitive movements or distorted postures Dysphagia (difficulty in[dovemed.com] Clinical features Dystonia Dysarthria Spasticity Choreoathetosis Parkinsonism Hyperreflexia Extensor toe signs Onset in first to third decade of life Gait change / loss of[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] 8 bilateral optic nerve head pallor.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia with Rigidity and Peripheral Neuropathy

    MND creeps up on the neurones and causes early muscle twitching ( fasciculations ) and cramps.[theneurologylounge.com] […] in third to fifth decade of life Pure cerebellar ataxia, nystagmus, dysarthria, dysphagia, hypotonia, and generalized and/or complex partial epilepsy Spinocerebellar ataxia[emedicine.medscape.com] […] absent Saccadic pursuit in all directions of gaze Saccadic dysmetria - hypermetric right gaze to center and left gaze to center No nystagmus No skew deviation No square wave jerks[collections.lib.utah.edu]

  • Early-Onset Spastic Ataxia - Neuropathy Syndrome

    […] in third to fifth decade of life Pure cerebellar ataxia, nystagmus, dysarthria, dysphagia, hypotonia, and generalized and/or complex partial epilepsy Spinocerebellar ataxia[emedicine.medscape.com] Truncal tremor may be evident - constant jerking of the trunk and head. Limb ataxia Lesions of the cerebellar hemisphere cause ipsilateral signs.[patient.info] There are a couple of reports of fasciculations, or involuntary muscle twitches, in the legs. There are several reports of erectile dysfunction.[cmtausa.org]

  • Autosomal Recessive Spastic Ataxia Type Charlevoix-Saguenay

    Apraxia (Medical Encyclopedia) Hand or foot spasms (Medical Encyclopedia) Muscle atrophy (Medical Encyclopedia) Muscle function loss (Medical Encyclopedia) Muscle twitching[icdlist.com] […] in third to fifth decade of life Pure cerebellar ataxia, nystagmus, dysarthria, dysphagia, hypotonia, and generalized and/or complex partial epilepsy Spinocerebellar ataxia[emedicine.medscape.com] […] absent Saccadic pursuit in all directions of gaze Saccadic dysmetria - hypermetric right gaze to center and left gaze to center No nystagmus No skew deviation No square wave jerks[collections.lib.utah.edu]

  • Vestibulocerebellar Ataxia

    […] in third to fifth decade of life Pure cerebellar ataxia, nystagmus, dysarthria, dysphagia, hypotonia, and generalized and/or complex partial epilepsy Spinocerebellar ataxia[emedicine.medscape.com] […] tests of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (e.g. bidirectionally abnormal head impulse test, abnormal dynamic visual acuity) the video head impulse test is more sensitive to subtle[radiopaedia.org] […] of muscles or parts of muscles, without any rhythm or pattern, occurring in various brain disorders) 19q SCA16 ( ITPR1 ) 39 yrs (20–66) 1–40 years Head and hand tremor 8q[en.wikipedia.org]

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