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57 Possible Causes for Headache, Hypertonicity of the Lower Limbs

  • Arachnoiditis

    Epidural blood patching is an effective treatment for postdural puncture headache but has potential risks.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Methods Examination revealed generalized weakness and hypertonicity of both lower limbs with loss of all sensory modalities below D7.[doi.org] A 27-year-old woman developed severe adhesive arachnoiditis after an obstetric spinal anaesthetic with bupivacaine and fentanyl, complicated by back pain and headache.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hemiparesis

    A 67-year-old woman developed a sudden onset headache and left hemiparesis. Emergency medical technicians found that she was conscious, but had left hemiparesis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Mass grasp / - Pronation/supination / - Rebound test of holmes / - Tapping (hand) / - Drawing a circle (hand and foot) / - Fixation/position holding (upper and lower limb[slideshare.net] The episodes were not associated with altered level of consciousness or headache. MRI of the brain showed features consistent with methotrexate encephalopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • X-linked Parkinsonism-Spasticity Syndrome

    Vascular headaches Vascular headaches include migraines and its variants as well as headaches due to abnormal stretching of the arterial walls in the cranium as a result of[britannica.com] The lower limb spasticity is the prominent finding on examination, particularly in the hamstrings, quadriceps, and ankles.[jnnp.bmj.com] , Meige syndrome, cervical dystonia, trunk dystonia, limb dystonia, writer’s cramp) Hemifacial spasm and other facial dyskinesias Tremor (of head or upper limb) Migraine headaches[movementdisorders.us]

  • Congenital Malformation of the Spine

    Approximately one half of patients with atlantooccipital fusion develop instability. 4 Affected patients may have headache, neck pain, limb numbness and pain, weakness, tinnitus[aafp.org] Severe motor impairment was present in nine patients, five of whom were paraparetic and four paraplegic; one newborn (case 7) presented with moderately hypertonic lower limbs[ajnr.org] Patients may present with neck pain, torticollis , or headaches. Neural deficits may be present. Proprioceptive and sphincter disturbances are common findings.[boneandspine.com]

  • Autosomal Recessive Lower Motor Neuron Disease with Childhood Onset

    Standardized criteria are also provided for epilepsy, genetic syndromes, headache, immune-based disorders, infectious diseases, movement disorders, neuromuscular disorders[books.google.com] limbs, hypertonic urinary bladder, and impaired vibration sense.[clinicalgate.com] Aseptic meningitis with headache, back pain, and stiff neck develop with increasing severity of the disease.[clinicalgate.com]

  • Paraparesis

    He reported no history of trauma, loss of consciousness, headache, vomiting, convulsions, or preceding fever.[clinical.diabetesjournals.org] The lower limb spasticity is the prominent finding on examination, particularly in the hamstrings, quadriceps, and ankles.[jnnp.bmj.com] […] decreased appetite, nausea and vomiting, and constipation Excessive thirst and urination Fatigue and/or weakness Anemia, meaning weakness from not having enough red blood cells Headache[hormone.org]

  • Primary Basilar Impression

    Keywords: Cough headache, exertional headache, hypnic headache, primary headache disorders, stabbing headache How to cite this article: Bahra A. Other primary headaches.[annalsofian.org] Apart from mild hyperreflexia, the upper limbs were normal. However, the lower limbs were markedly hypertonic with brisk reflexes and sustained ankle clonus.[jnnp.bmj.com] Previously used terms: Benign cough headache; Valsalva-manœuvre headache.[ichd-3.org]

  • Cerebral Palsy

    Cristina Victorio, MD, Assistant Professor in Pediatrics, Northeast Ohio Medical University; Director, Headache Program; Pediatric Neurologist, Akron Children's Hospital Click[msdmanuals.com] All had spasticity affecting predominantly the lower limbs, although 2 also had mild hypertonia and ataxia of the upper limbs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cristina Victorio, MD, Assistant Professor in Pediatrics, Northeast Ohio Medical University; Director, Headache Program; Pediatric Neurologist, Akron Children's Hospital Cerebral[merckmanuals.com]

  • Lower Motor Neuron Syndrome with Late-Adult Onset

    Arrhythmias) 522 terms Surgery: EOR Exam Copy THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH... 43 terms CM: Stroke Management 12 terms Upper vs Lower Motor Neuron Disease 77 terms Rx: Headache[quizlet.com] limbs, hypertonic urinary bladder, and impaired vibration sense.[clinicalgate.com] Vascular headaches Vascular headaches include migraines and its variants as well as headaches due to abnormal stretching of the arterial walls in the cranium as a result of[britannica.com]

  • Hereditary Hyperekplexia

    CJ Boes and DJ Capobianco, Chronic migraine and medication‐overuse headache through the ages, Cephalalgia, 25, 5, (378-390), (2005).[doi.org] The hypertonia, which is predominantly in the trunk and lower limbs, often diminishes during the first year of life, but the pathological startle response, which can provoke[doi.org] The cyanosis from birth is the only symptom and is well-tolerated, associated with mild complaints of headaches, fatigue and shortness of breath upon exertion.[findzebra.com]

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