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539 Possible Causes for Hearing Impairment, Nystagmus, Obstructive Hydrocephalus

  • Brain Neoplasm

    […] the ability to hear, smell, or see (causing such symptoms as double vision and loss of vision) For example, a pituitary tumor may press on the nearby optic nerves (2nd cranial[] […] hemianopia or partial visual field deficits Anosmia may occur with frontal lobe tumors Brainstem and cerebellar tumors induce cranial nerve palsies, ataxia, incoordination, nystagmus[] Symptoms, as a result of a mass effect from the tumour or due to obstructive hydrocephalus, include morning headaches, nausea, vomiting, diplopia (a manifestation of sixth[]

  • Arnold Chiari Malformation

    Vertigo, dizziness, ringing in the ears (tinnitus) and bilateral hearing impairment can also develop.[] Eye movement recordings in two patients with Arnold-Chiari malfomation type 1 showed, in addition to downbeat and gaze evoked nystagmus, intermittent nystagmus of skew.[] Variable other central nervous system abnormalities might be present (partial or complete agenesis of the corpus callosum, a small fourth ventricle, obstructive hydrocephalus[]

  • Congenital Muscular Dystrophy

    […] associated MEB disease include increased pressure within the eyes (infantile glaucoma), clouding of the lenses of the eyes (cataracts), rapid, involuntary eye movements (nystagmus[] […] hypoplasia are also very frequent.36,38 Ocular involvement is an invariable feature, ranging from severe myopia and retinal hypoplasia to congenital and infantile glaucoma, nystagmus[] hydrocephalus, neuronal heterotopias, corpus callosum agenesis, fusion of the hemispheres, and ponto-cerebellar hypoplasia with fourth ventricle dilatation (Figs. 2 and 3[]

  • Pineoblastoma

    […] obstructive hydrocephalus and/or Parinaud's syndrome which is characterized by the following: upward gaze paralysis, normal vertical eye movement with doll's head maneuver, nystagmus[] Routine treatment consists of operative management of obstructive hydrocephalus and cerebrospinal fluid studies followed by maximal resection and adjuvant chemotherapy/radiotherapy[] Nystagmus was noted, as was a slight right-sided facial palsy.[]

  • Pineal Gland Neoplasm

    Tremors Lack of coordination Hearing impairment- buzzing, ringing sound Drowsiness Changes in speech Behavior changes [2,3] Diagnosis Physical examination A lot of initial[] Frequently, paralysis of upward gaze along with several ocular findings such as convergence retraction nystagmus and eyelid retraction also known as Collier's sign and Light[] Obstructive hydrocephalus was present in only five patients (9.4%); three of them showed clinical signs of Parinaud's syndrome.[]

  • Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension

    Among audiovestibular symptoms, tinnitus and dizziness are commonly reported, while vertigo and hearing impairment are infrequent reports.[] […] of the abducting eye, and vertical gaze-evoked nystagmus.[] CT scan revealed acute cerebellar and intraventricular hemorrhage with obstructive hydrocephalus.[]

  • Acoustic Neuroma

    In patients with acoustic neuroma, the site and severity of hearing impairment are important in discussing surgical approaches.[] Hyperventilation for 30 seconds provoked an ipsilateral beating nystagmus and reproduced the vertiginous sensation in both subjects.[] Larger tumours may cause headaches, coordination difficulties, and obstructive hydrocephalus, and, as a result, may be life threatening.[]

  • Meningitis

    Hearing impairment after bacterial meningitis: a review.[] She had nystagmus, scanning speech, bilateral papilloedema and ataxia. Cranial imaging showed a 10 mm tonsillar herniation. Posterior fossa decompression was done.[] Less commonly, patients may develop cognitive impairment and gait ataxia due to obstructive hydrocephalus with ventricular dilatation.[]

  • Stroke

    The first patient (female, 50 years old) had dysarthria, nystagmus and trunk ataxia on admission. Her blood alcohol level was 2.3‰.[] Obstructive hydrocephalus is also noted, with dilatation of the lateral ventricles, likely due to compression of the foramen of Monroe.[] Neurosurgical opinion should be sought for cases of secondary hydrocephalus.[]

  • Middle Ear Cholesteatoma

    CONCLUSION: Acquired middle ear cholesteatoma is associated with significant hearing impairment, although profound hearing loss is rare.[] If facial paralysis or a nystagmus (eye twitch, in the event of infection of the inner ear, specifically the balance organ) occurs, surgery is imperative.[] ., pinealoma, multiple sclerosis, obstructive hydrocephalus, midbrain stroke) Argyll Robertson pupils (neurosyphilis) Rare: severe bilateral optic nerve damage (bilateral[]

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