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2,932 Possible Causes for Heart Murmur, Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness, Midline Defects

  • Scoliosis

    Abstract Cantrell's pentalogy (CP) is a rare syndrome characterized by defects in the lower sternum with ectopia cordis, anterior diaphragm defects, midline supraumbilical[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] skin defects (hairy patches, dimples, nevi) signs of spinal dysraphism shoulder height differences truncal shift rib rotational deformity (rib prominence) waist asymmetry[orthobullets.com] The location is defined by the vertebra that is most deviated and rotated from midline, called the apical vertebra.[symptoma.com]

  • Endocardial Cushion Defect

    Identification of a heart murmur (most likely pansystolic, but also ejection systolic or apical mid-diastolic) during cardiac auscultation can raise sufficient clinical suspicion[symptoma.com] Echocardiography Allows direct visualization of the defect spectrum and often a large defect of the midline heart structures are seen.[radiopaedia.org] Ectopia cordis results from the failure of migration of lateral mesoderm into the midline.[annalspc.com]

  • Congenital Heart Disease

    Node and midline defects are associated with left-right development in Delta1 mutant embryos. Development. 2003 ; 130 : 3–13.[doi.org] Your doctor can hear a heart murmur with a stethoscope. However, not all murmurs are signs of congenital heart defects. Many healthy children have heart murmurs.[web.archive.org] However, not all murmurs are signs of congenital heart defects. Many healthy children have heart murmurs.[web.archive.org]

  • Tetralogy of Fallot

    Midline one-stage complete unifocalization and repair of pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect and major aortopulmonary collaterals .[journals.cambridge.org] Another common sign of tetralogy of Fallot is a heart murmur. A heart murmur is an extra or unusual sound that doctors might hear while listening to the heart.[web.archive.org] Midline one-stage complete unifocalization and repair of pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect and major aortopulmonary collaterals.[doi.org]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    (Heart murmurs are extra or unusual sounds heard during a heartbeat.) Updated: June 22, 2016[web.archive.org] For example, he or she may hear a heart murmur, or you may have abnormal test results.[nhlbi.nih.gov] murmurs.[web.archive.org]

    Missing: Midline Defects
  • Congestive Heart Failure

    The possibility of traumatic ventricular septal defect should be considered in all multiple-trauma patients who develop a new heart murmur, even when overt chest-wall injury[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On examination of the heart, there may be a particular type of heart murmur called a diastolic rumble that may indicate extra blood flow to the lungs.[cincinnatichildrens.org] Heart murmurs may indicate the presence of valvular heart disease, either as a cause (e.g. aortic stenosis) or as a result (e.g. mitral regurgitation) of the heart failure[en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Midline Defects
  • Aortic Valve Stenosis

    A heart murmur is a sound created by turbulent blood flow through narrowed or leaking heart valves or through abnormal heart structures.[merckmanuals.com] When to see a doctor If you have a heart murmur, your doctor may recommend that you visit a cardiologist.[mayoclinic.com] A doctor suspects aortic valve stenosis after detecting a particular heart murmur and sometimes a clicking sound when listening to the heart.[merckmanuals.com]

    Missing: Midline Defects
  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    There may also be a fast or slow heart beat and the doctor may hear an abnormal heart sound (heart murmur) through a stethoscope, or a large heart may be visible on an x-[chfed.org.uk] There may be a heart murmur (made by abnormal backward flow through the mitral valve) or other extra heart sounds and the liver is often enlarged.[mottchildren.org] If there is congestive heart failure, the heart rate and breathing rate are often fast.[mottchildren.org]

    Missing: Midline Defects
  • Large Ventricular Septal Defect

    A murmur is a sound generated by abnormally turbulent flow of blood through the heart.[medicinenet.com] The blood flowing through the hole creates an extra noise, which is known as a heart murmur.[kidshealth.org] This typically produces a noise called heart murmur. This heart murmur can be usually heard when the doctor listens your child chest with a stethoscope.[childheartspecialist.com]

    Missing: Midline Defects
  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy may cause dizziness, fainting, heart murmurs and chest pain Restrictive cardiomyopathy can cause swelling of the hands and feet If you have one[heartandstroke.ca] Cardiomyopathy may lead to heart failure, blood clots, a heart murmur, and cardiac arrest.[fortherecordmag.com] Murmurs may provide information about leaking heart valves.[emedicinehealth.com]

    Missing: Midline Defects

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