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36 Possible Causes for Heart Murmur, Left Axis Deviation, Midline Defects

  • Atrial Septal Defect

    At the initial visit, he presented with recurrent lower respiratory infection, heart murmur, psychomotor retardation, inverted nipples, and cerebellar atrophy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Surgical atrial septal defect treatment is performed by an open heart surgery, done using an up-and-down (vertical) incision in the midline of the chest.[childrens.memorialhermann.org] When an ostium primum atrial defect is present, the ECG reveals left axis deviation.[healio.com]

  • Endocardial Cushion Defect

    Echocardiography Allows direct visualization of the defect spectrum and often a large defect of the midline heart structures are seen.[radiopaedia.org] Abstract Three groups of patients are identified in the series of secumdum atrial septal defect with left axis deviation in an analysis of 910 patients of secundum atrial[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Identification of a heart murmur (most likely pansystolic, but also ejection systolic or apical mid-diastolic) during cardiac auscultation can raise sufficient clinical suspicion[symptoma.com]

  • Mitral Valve Prolapse

    Cardiac malformations and midline skeletal defects in mice lacking filamin A. Hum Mol Genet. 2006; 15 :2457–2467. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 10.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] bundle branch block/right axis deviation morphology was induced.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The occurrence of total MVP tended to be higher in the group with MVI (47%, 9/19), when compared with the younger CKCS without heart murmurs (13%, 2/15, P 0.06).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Atrial Septal Defect 9

    Often, a heart murmur is the only sign of an ASD. However, not all murmurs are signs of congenital heart defects. Many healthy children have heart murmurs.[pediatricct.surgery.ucsf.edu] Keywords Atrial septal defect. Thoracotomy. Direct cannulation.[revespcardiol.org] axis deviation characteristic of ostium primum defects and anatomical distortion of the left bundle branch fascicles associated first degree AV block right axis deviation[radiopaedia.org]

  • Ventricular Septal Defect

    Objective:: Perventricular device closure of ventricular septal defect through midline sternotomy avoids the cardiopulmonary bypass, however, lacks the cosmetic advantage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In those with pulmonary hypertension, right axis deviation, right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) and right atrial hypertrophy (RAH) may be seen.[patient.info] A murmur is a sound generated by abnormally turbulent flow of blood through the heart.[medicinenet.com]

  • Funnel Chest

    Other notable findings include a pot-belly posture, forward-drifted shoulders, a heart murmur on cardiac auscultation and arrhythmia in severe cases.[symptoma.com] We performed concomitant repair of pectus excavatum and an atrial septal defect through a short midline incision in an adult [5].[wikigenes.org] Thus, in 40% of cases right bundle branch block, sinusoid arrhythmia (10%), axis deviation to right and left (9%), left ventricular hypertrophy (8%), and other abnormalities[iliveok.com]

  • Pulmonary Atresia

    Midline one stage completes unifocalization and repair of pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect and major aorto pulmonary collaterals.[doi.org] The electrocardiogram showed right axis deviation with right atrial enlargement and right ventricular hypertrophy.[annalspc.com] The main sign of heart valve disease is an unusual heartbeat sound called a heart murmur. Your doctor can hear a heart murmur with a stethoscope.[icdlist.com]

  • Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease

    Acyanotic lesions (such as atrial or ventricular septal defects) are typically able to maintain appropriate oxygen saturations despite a left-to-right shunt.[learn.pediatrics.ubc.ca] The electrocardiogram usually shows left axis deviation (very unlike the RVH seen in normal newborns) and right atrial hypertrophy and left-ventricular hypertrophy.[hawaii.edu] Auscultation findings may include tachycardic or bradycardic sounds;heart murmurs- their location, intensity, musical qualities and lack of variability with respiratory movements[symptoma.com]

  • Atrioventricular Septal Defect

    Echocardiography Allows direct visualization of the defect spectrum and often a large defect of the midline heart structures are seen.[radiopaedia.org] Electrocardiography in patients with AVSD: QRS axis: Left-axis deviation is characteristic. Right-axis deviation occurs only in 3 %.[cardiologyforyou.blogspot.com] When a heart murmur is heard the tests used can be: An ultrasound scan ( echocardiogram ) to see the hole and how the blood moves through the heart An oxygen saturation monitor[corience.org]

  • Tetralogy of Fallot

    Midline one-stage complete unifocalization and repair of pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect and major aortopulmonary collaterals .[journals.cambridge.org] axis deviation and left ventricular hypertrophy requires both atrial septal defect and ventricular septal defect Treatment Medical prostaglandin E1 indication for all patients[step1.medbullets.com] Another common sign of tetralogy of Fallot is a heart murmur. A heart murmur is an extra or unusual sound that doctors might hear while listening to the heart.[web.archive.org]

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