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168 Possible Causes for Heart Murmur, Midline Defects, Pediatric Disorder

  • Atrial Septal Defect

    At the initial visit, he presented with recurrent lower respiratory infection, heart murmur, psychomotor retardation, inverted nipples, and cerebellar atrophy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Alex Thompson, Dawn Hackman and Larry Burd, Mortality in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders, Open Journal of Pediatrics, 04, 01, (21), (2014).[doi.org] Surgical atrial septal defect treatment is performed by an open heart surgery, done using an up-and-down (vertical) incision in the midline of the chest.[childrens.memorialhermann.org]

  • Endocardial Cushion Defect

    Echocardiography Allows direct visualization of the defect spectrum and often a large defect of the midline heart structures are seen.[radiopaedia.org] Identification of a heart murmur (most likely pansystolic, but also ejection systolic or apical mid-diastolic) during cardiac auscultation can raise sufficient clinical suspicion[symptoma.com] Ectopia cordis results from the failure of migration of lateral mesoderm into the midline.[annalspc.com]

  • Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease

    Acyanotic lesions (such as atrial or ventricular septal defects) are typically able to maintain appropriate oxygen saturations despite a left-to-right shunt.[learn.pediatrics.ubc.ca] Auscultation findings may include tachycardic or bradycardic sounds;heart murmurs- their location, intensity, musical qualities and lack of variability with respiratory movements[symptoma.com] Heart murmurs. See also separate Heart Murmurs in Children article: Not all murmurs are pathological.[patient.info]

  • Tetralogy of Fallot

    Midline one-stage complete unifocalization and repair of pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect and major aortopulmonary collaterals .[journals.cambridge.org] -- Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Disorders & Psychosocial Aspects of Pediatrics -- Child Abuse & Neglect -- Ambulatory & Office Pediatrics -- Immunization -- Normal Childhood[worldcat.org] Another common sign of tetralogy of Fallot is a heart murmur. A heart murmur is an extra or unusual sound that doctors might hear while listening to the heart.[web.archive.org]

  • Scoliosis

    disorders.[emoryhealthcare.org] Abstract Cantrell's pentalogy (CP) is a rare syndrome characterized by defects in the lower sternum with ectopia cordis, anterior diaphragm defects, midline supraumbilical[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Unit, Department of Pediatric Orthopedics and Traumatology, University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland (12) Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Saitama Medical Center,[doi.org]

  • Patau Syndrome

    The major midline dysmorphic features of trisomy 13 are due to a defect in the fusion of the midline prechordial mesoderm in the first three weeks of gestation.[pedclerk.bsd.uchicago.edu] Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 20th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 81. Madan-Khetapal S, Arnold G. Genetic disorders and dysmorphic conditions.[nlm.nih.gov] These can include: ventricular septal defect - an opening between the lower chambers of the heart which prevents the heart from pumping blood correctly (a heart murmur is[babymed.com]

  • Wolf Hirschhorn Syndrome

    Characteristics include marked prenatal and postnatal growth retardation with psychomotor delay, profound mental deficiency, distinctive facies, and midline defects.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] murmur secondary to congenital heart defect, most commonly atrial septal defects; pulmonary stenosis, ventricular septal defects, patent ductus arteriosus, aortic insufficiency[emedicine.medscape.com] Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) is a well-known genetic condition characterized by typical facial anomalies, midline defects, skeletal anomalies, prenatal and postnatal growth[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Mitral Valve Prolapse

    Cardiac malformations and midline skeletal defects in mice lacking filamin A. Hum Mol Genet. 2006; 15 :2457–2467. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 10.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Services, Strong Sleep Disorders Center Heidi Connolly, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, American Thoracic Society, and[emedicine.medscape.com] The occurrence of total MVP tended to be higher in the group with MVI (47%, 9/19), when compared with the younger CKCS without heart murmurs (13%, 2/15, P 0.06).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • SHORT Syndrome

    Midline defects in deletion 18p syndrome: clinical and molecular characterization of three patients. Clin Dysmorphol. 2007; 16: 247-52. [ Links ] 5.[scielo.org.co] Pediatric disorders of sex development. In: Melmed S, Polonsky KS, Larsen PR, Kronenberg HM, eds. Williams Textbook of Endocrinology. 13th ed.[medlineplus.gov] murmur, delayed bone age, delayed speech, normal intellect, glucose intolerance, and insulinopenic diabetes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Familial Short Stature

    Multiple syndromic or dysmorphic features: abnormal facies, midline defects, body disproportions. Bone age: delayed by more than two standard deviations.[patient.info] Lifshitz F, Zandsberg S (1985) Disorders of growth. In: Lifshitz F (ed) Pediatric endocrinology. Marcel Dekker, New York p 14 Google Scholar 14.[link.springer.com] A complete physical exam in a short child might detect a heart murmur that could lead a clinician to the diagnosis of significant cardiovascular disease, which can affect[hawaii.edu]

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