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56 Possible Causes for Heart Murmur, Midline Defects, Pulmonary Arterial Pressure Increased

  • Atrial Septal Defect

    Surgical atrial septal defect treatment is performed by an open heart surgery, done using an up-and-down (vertical) incision in the midline of the chest.[childrens.memorialhermann.org] The heart can dilate, the muscle can become weak, and the pressures in the pulmonary arteries can increase (pulmonary hypertension) due to the increase in blood flow.[heartpoint.com] At the initial visit, he presented with recurrent lower respiratory infection, heart murmur, psychomotor retardation, inverted nipples, and cerebellar atrophy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Eisenmenger Syndrome

    heart murmurs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abbreviation : ES, Eisenmenger syndrome; VSD, ventricular septal defects.[dovepress.com] They become stiff and hard and, as this process occurs, the pressure in the pulmonary arteries increases.[pulmonaryhypertensionrn.com]

  • Endocardial Cushion Defect

    Echocardiography Allows direct visualization of the defect spectrum and often a large defect of the midline heart structures are seen.[radiopaedia.org] The presence of a large left-to-right shunt, the associated increased workload on the left ventricle, and the high pulmonary artery pressure cause the lungs to become engorged[cincinnatichildrens.org] Identification of a heart murmur (most likely pansystolic, but also ejection systolic or apical mid-diastolic) during cardiac auscultation can raise sufficient clinical suspicion[symptoma.com]

  • Congenital Heart Disease

    Your doctor can hear a heart murmur with a stethoscope. However, not all murmurs are signs of congenital heart defects. Many healthy children have heart murmurs.[web.archive.org] Node and midline defects are associated with left-right development in Delta1 mutant embryos. Development. 2003 ; 130 : 3–13.[doi.org] Ultimately such a condition may cause thickening of the walls of the pulmonary artery as well as pulmonary hypertension (high blood pressure).[britannica.com]

  • Tetralogy of Fallot

    Another common sign of tetralogy of Fallot is a heart murmur. A heart murmur is an extra or unusual sound that doctors might hear while listening to the heart.[web.archive.org] Midline one-stage complete unifocalization and repair of pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect and major aortopulmonary collaterals .[journals.cambridge.org] That's because their pulmonary artery pressure or resistance from the lungs, has suddenly increased. All that does is create more back pressure in the pulmonary artery.[khanacademy.org]

  • Ventricular Septal Defect

    A murmur is a sound generated by abnormally turbulent flow of blood through the heart.[medicinenet.com] Objective:: Perventricular device closure of ventricular septal defect through midline sternotomy avoids the cardiopulmonary bypass, however, lacks the cosmetic advantage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] As in the case of the ASD, the heart can dilate, the muscle can become weak, and the pressures in the pulmonary arteries can increase (pulmonary hypertension) due to the increase[heartpoint.com]

  • Mitral Valve Prolapse

    The occurrence of total MVP tended to be higher in the group with MVI (47%, 9/19), when compared with the younger CKCS without heart murmurs (13%, 2/15, P 0.06).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cardiac malformations and midline skeletal defects in mice lacking filamin A. Hum Mol Genet. 2006; 15 :2457–2467. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 10.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients with a moderate to severe leaky heart valve may be at increased risk of complications that include the development of pulmonary hypertension (increased pressures[myheart.net]

  • Atrial Septal Defect 9

    Keywords Atrial septal defect. Thoracotomy. Direct cannulation.[revespcardiol.org] arterial pressure and atrioventricular valve regurgitation.[heart.bmj.com] Often, a heart murmur is the only sign of an ASD. However, not all murmurs are signs of congenital heart defects. Many healthy children have heart murmurs.[pediatricct.surgery.ucsf.edu]

  • Pulmonary Atresia

    The main sign of heart valve disease is an unusual heartbeat sound called a heart murmur. Your doctor can hear a heart murmur with a stethoscope.[icdlist.com] Midline one stage completes unifocalization and repair of pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect and major aorto pulmonary collaterals.[doi.org] The body weight, pulmonary/systemic blood flow ratio, pulmonary artery pressure, right ventricular pressure, left ventricular pressure and arterial oxygen saturation were[cardiothoracicsurgery.biomedcentral.com]

  • Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease

    Acyanotic lesions (such as atrial or ventricular septal defects) are typically able to maintain appropriate oxygen saturations despite a left-to-right shunt.[learn.pediatrics.ubc.ca] Cyanotic congenital heart disease (CCHD) is associated with chronic hypoxia, regardless of whether an increase in pulmonary artery pressures coexists.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Auscultation findings may include tachycardic or bradycardic sounds;heart murmurs- their location, intensity, musical qualities and lack of variability with respiratory movements[symptoma.com]

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