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84 Possible Causes for Heart Murmur, Midline Defects, Syncope

  • Atrial Septal Defect

    Surgical atrial septal defect treatment is performed by an open heart surgery, done using an up-and-down (vertical) incision in the midline of the chest.[childrens.memorialhermann.org] We present the case of a 44-year-old methamphetamine abuser who had a 3-month history of worsening fatigue and near-syncope.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] At the initial visit, he presented with recurrent lower respiratory infection, heart murmur, psychomotor retardation, inverted nipples, and cerebellar atrophy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Mitral Valve Prolapse

    The occurrence of total MVP tended to be higher in the group with MVI (47%, 9/19), when compared with the younger CKCS without heart murmurs (13%, 2/15, P 0.06).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The case of a 16-year-old girl with mitral valve prolapse, atrial flutter and syncope is presented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cardiac malformations and midline skeletal defects in mice lacking filamin A. Hum Mol Genet. 2006; 15 :2457–2467. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 10.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease

    Acyanotic lesions (such as atrial or ventricular septal defects) are typically able to maintain appropriate oxygen saturations despite a left-to-right shunt.[learn.pediatrics.ubc.ca] Extensive coverage of special problems, including congestive heart failure and syncope, helps you select the best approaches for your patients.[books.google.com] Auscultation findings may include tachycardic or bradycardic sounds;heart murmurs- their location, intensity, musical qualities and lack of variability with respiratory movements[symptoma.com]

  • Pernicious Anemia

    This can lead to irregular heartbeats called arrhythmias (ah-RITH-me-ahs), heart murmur, an enlarged heart, or even heart failure.[web.archive.org] We report the case of a 60-year-old woman with a history of ataxia who sought evaluation after a syncopal episode.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] HOLOPROSENCEPHALY An inborn cranial defect, which is characterized by fusion of midline structures in the brain and face.[doi.org]

  • Endocardial Cushion Defect

    Echocardiography Allows direct visualization of the defect spectrum and often a large defect of the midline heart structures are seen.[radiopaedia.org] Patients with ES usually present with symptoms such as breathlessness, fatigue, chest pain and syncope [ 4 ].[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Identification of a heart murmur (most likely pansystolic, but also ejection systolic or apical mid-diastolic) during cardiac auscultation can raise sufficient clinical suspicion[symptoma.com]

  • Ventricular Septal Defect

    A murmur is a sound generated by abnormally turbulent flow of blood through the heart.[medicinenet.com] We report an extremely rare case of a 42-year-old male with congenital heart disease, who suffered recurrent syncope and gastrointestinal bleeding.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Objective:: Perventricular device closure of ventricular septal defect through midline sternotomy avoids the cardiopulmonary bypass, however, lacks the cosmetic advantage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    A narrow elongated defect, or so-called slot fracture, sometimes is produced by a stab wound and is diagnostic when identified.[emedicine.com] He had a regular heart rate with normal S1 and S2. No appreciable murmurs, rubs or gallops. His abdomen was soft, nontender, and nondistended with positive bowel sounds.[thoracic.org] […] of a young female who presented to the emergency department with a stab wound to the head produced by a large knife shows the extent of intracranial damage, which affects midline[emedicine.com]

  • Fabry Disease

    […] of midline structures and postzygotic changes in the genetic material, including somatic mutations [ 62 ].[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The prevalence of angina was 23 vs. 22%; palpitations and arrhythmias 27 vs. 26%; exertional dyspnoea 23 vs. 23%; and syncope 2 vs. 4%, in women and men, respectively (all[eurheartj.oxfordjournals.org] murmur (arrhythmia) Fabry crises may increase in intensity when your baby has a fever, is physically active, or under fatigue or stress.[babysfirsttest.org]

  • Atrial Septal Defect 9

    Keywords Atrial septal defect. Thoracotomy. Direct cannulation.[revespcardiol.org] CARDIAC SYNCOPE IN ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECT Statistics from Altmetric.com This is a PDF-only article. The first page of the PDF of this article appears above.[heart.bmj.com] Often, a heart murmur is the only sign of an ASD. However, not all murmurs are signs of congenital heart defects. Many healthy children have heart murmurs.[pediatricct.surgery.ucsf.edu]

  • Congenital Heart Disease

    Node and midline defects are associated with left-right development in Delta1 mutant embryos. Development. 2003 ; 130 : 3–13.[doi.org] Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return Patent Ductus Arteriosus Patent Foramen Ovale Pericarditis Pulmonary Atresia Pulmonary Stenosis Rheumatic Fever - Acute Single Ventricle Syncope[hopkinsmedicine.org] Your doctor can hear a heart murmur with a stethoscope. However, not all murmurs are signs of congenital heart defects. Many healthy children have heart murmurs.[web.archive.org]

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