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164 Possible Causes for Heart Murmur, Midline Defects, Systolic Murmur

  • Atrial Septal Defect

    murmur but did not clearly show the presence of fixed splitting of S2.[] At the initial visit, he presented with recurrent lower respiratory infection, heart murmur, psychomotor retardation, inverted nipples, and cerebellar atrophy.[] Surgical atrial septal defect treatment is performed by an open heart surgery, done using an up-and-down (vertical) incision in the midline of the chest.[]

  • Mitral Valve Prolapse

    Cardiac malformations and midline skeletal defects in mice lacking filamin A. Hum Mol Genet. 2006; 15 :2457–2467. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 10.[] Scattered creptus was audible over mid and lower lung fields and a soft systolic murmur was auscultated at apex.[] The occurrence of total MVP tended to be higher in the group with MVI (47%, 9/19), when compared with the younger CKCS without heart murmurs (13%, 2/15, P 0.06).[]

  • Scoliosis

    Abstract Cantrell's pentalogy (CP) is a rare syndrome characterized by defects in the lower sternum with ectopia cordis, anterior diaphragm defects, midline supraumbilical[] […] skin defects (hairy patches, dimples, nevi) signs of spinal dysraphism shoulder height differences truncal shift rib rotational deformity (rib prominence) waist asymmetry[] The location is defined by the vertebra that is most deviated and rotated from midline, called the apical vertebra.[]

  • Ventricular Septal Defect

    Objective:: Perventricular device closure of ventricular septal defect through midline sternotomy avoids the cardiopulmonary bypass, however, lacks the cosmetic advantage.[] An 32-months-old boy was admitted for a significant precordial systolic murmur.[] A murmur is a sound generated by abnormally turbulent flow of blood through the heart.[]

  • Endocardial Cushion Defect

    Echocardiography Allows direct visualization of the defect spectrum and often a large defect of the midline heart structures are seen.[] A cleft in the left AV valve results in a blowing apical systolic murmur of mitral regurgitation.[] Identification of a heart murmur (most likely pansystolic, but also ejection systolic or apical mid-diastolic) during cardiac auscultation can raise sufficient clinical suspicion[]

  • Funnel Chest

    In one series, systolic murmurs were auscultated in 46% of cases not associated with an underlying connective tissue disorder. [5] The prevalence of murmurs was independent[] Other notable findings include a pot-belly posture, forward-drifted shoulders, a heart murmur on cardiac auscultation and arrhythmia in severe cases.[] We performed concomitant repair of pectus excavatum and an atrial septal defect through a short midline incision in an adult [5].[]

  • Atrial Septal Defect 9

    Murmurs • Pulmonary ejection systolic murmur – Increased pulmonary flow • Tricuspid murmur – is heard over left sternal edge louder on inspiration • Graham-Steell murmur[] Often, a heart murmur is the only sign of an ASD. However, not all murmurs are signs of congenital heart defects. Many healthy children have heart murmurs.[] Keywords Atrial septal defect. Thoracotomy. Direct cannulation.[]

  • Eisenmenger Syndrome

    Abbreviation : ES, Eisenmenger syndrome; VSD, ventricular septal defects.[] Along the left sternal border systolic murmur can be heard, and early pulmonary systolic shock.[] heart murmurs.[]

  • Lutembacher Syndrome

    Autosomal dominant secundum atrial septal defect with various cardiac and noncardiac defects: a new midline disorder.[] In addition, systolic murmurs at the left parasternal area can be heard on the grounds of increased pulmonary valve flow, holosystolic murmurs increasing during respiration[] One of the most common ways an atrial septal defect is found is by detecting a murmur when listening to a person’s heart with a stethoscope.[]

  • Ostium Secundum Atrial Septal Defect

    Keywords: Atrial septal defect Submammary Axillary Cannulation Full Text Introduction Midline sternotomies are considered the usual approach for the surgical correction of[] Auscultation typically reveals a grade 2 to 3/6 midsystolic (or ejection systolic) murmur and a widely split, fixed S2 at the upper left sternal border in children.[] Often, a heart murmur is the only sign of an ASD. However, not all murmurs are signs of congenital heart defects. Many healthy children have heart murmurs.[]

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