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1,215 Possible Causes for Hematemesis, Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer

  • Esophagitis

    A 52-yr-old man was admitted to the hospital with severe hematemesis and syncope.[] Patients often present with retrosternal pain, odynophagia, and dysphagia, with abdominal pain and hematemesis being uncommon symptoms.[] The patient had progressive odynophagia and dysphagia, which markedly impaired her oral intake, and hematemesis.[]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Yellow Fever

    […] into the ganglion cell and inner nuclear layers.[] Hemorrhage and erosion of the gastric mucosa lead to hematemesis, popularly known as black vomit.[] Spectral domain optical coherence tomography through the lesion conveyed hyperreflectivity most prominent in the inner and outer plexiform layers, with extension of the hyperreflectivity[]

  • Gastritis

    […] proton pump inhibitor use iatrogenic: forceful procedures including upper GI endoscopy and nasogastric tube insertion 2 Upper central abdominal pain (maybe severe), nausea, hematemesis[] […] occasionally with vomiting, that may last 24 to 48 hours Distress that may appear as fatigue or restlessness Grimacing Loss of appetite Swollen abdomen Cramping Vomiting blood or hematemesis[] Often, the first sign is hematemesis, melena, or blood in the nasogastric aspirate, usually within 2 to 5 days of the inciting event.[]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Duodenal Ulcer

    The authors present the case of a 5-y-old boy having hematemesis, gastric outlet obstruction and multiple duodenal ulcers.[] The 69-year-old patient was transferred due to massive hematemesis, hypotension and loss of consciousness.[] The lesion was successfully cauterized with a bipolar gold probe, achieving hemostatic control. 75 year-old man with hematemesis and melena.[]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Acute Gastritis

    Signs of mild to massive upper GI bleeding, including melena or 'coffee ground' hematemesis, may also arise.[] […] nausea and vomiting May be accompanied by local hemorrhage or mucosal sloughing Severe erosive disease may cause acute GI bleed, acute gastric ulcer Major cause of massive hematemesis[]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage

    […] without hematemesis or coffee ground emesis could be separated out).[] Following recovery from an episode of acute rejection, the patient presented with large volume hematemesis, melena, and hemochezia (passage of fresh blood from the rectum)[] We report the case of a 61-year-old woman, who was admitted to our institution with hematemesis and melena.[]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Gastric Ulcer

    We report the case of a 67 year old male who presented with a nine year history of a gastric ulcer with symptoms of hematemesis and melena.[] A 1-year-old female toddler who was under a great amount of psychological stress presented with acute hematemesis.[] She came to our emergency room 3 months later with hematemesis due to a large gastric ulcer, despite management with medication for over 3 months at a local clinic.[]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding

    In patients with gastrointestinal (GI) tract bleeding, the bleeding source is uncertain in the absence of hematemesis.[] All of the emergency department visits by children ages 0 to 18 years who presented with hematemesis between 2000 and 2007 were reviewed.[] The clinical presentation features primarily hematemesis, melena, and epigastric pain.[]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Thrombocytopenia

    We report a case of an 83 year old man who developed oxaliplatin immune-induced syndrome (OIIS) after his 19th cycle of FOLFOX (5FU, leucovorin, oxaliplatin). When oxaliplatin was omitted from his next cycle of chemotherapy he continues to show signs of drug-induced immune thrombocytopenia (DITP) and was found to[…][]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Liver Cirrhosis

    The child presented with complaints of malena, hematemesis and variceal bleed.[] We are of the opinion that airway protection at emergency endoscopy is extremely important in patients with suspected variceal bleeding, who present with hematemesis, and[]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer

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