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49 Possible Causes for Hematemesis, Pharyngeal Hemorrhage

  • Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia

    Case 1 : A 46-year-old man has had tendency to epistaxis, telangiectasia, hematemesis and bloody feces, iron-deficiency anemia, at the age of 12, 41, 46 respectively.[webview.isho.jp] […] granulomatosis with polyangiitis, Goodpasture’s disease), lung trauma, pulmonary embolus, cardiac causes (mitral stenosis, left ventricular failure), and spurious (epistaxis, hematemesis[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding

    Severe Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome Sexual Abuse, Child Shoulder Instability Sinusitis Sleep Apnea Splenomegaly Streptococcal Pharyngitis Stroke Stroke, Hemorrhagic Temporal[jamaevidence.mhmedical.com] In patients with gastrointestinal (GI) tract bleeding, the bleeding source is uncertain in the absence of hematemesis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] All of the emergency department visits by children ages 0 to 18 years who presented with hematemesis between 2000 and 2007 were reviewed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Marburg Virus Disease

    Incubation 5-9 days; otherwise like Argentine or Bolivian hemorrhagic fever—headaches, fever, diarrhoea, myalgias, rash, pharyngitis, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, hemorrhage[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] It features neurological symptoms, impaired mental status, hematemesis, bloody diarrhea, and bleeding from other sites.[symptoma.com] Jaundice and pancreatitis are common, as is an altered mental status or even coma; pharyngitis and a nonproductive cough are less common.[upmc-cbn.org]

  • Factor VII Deficiency

    Pharyngeal and retropharyngeal hematomas may enlarge and obstruct the airway. Alexander B, R Goldstein and G Landwehr, CooK CD.[emedicine.medscape.com] Bleeding isolated to a single organ or system (eg, hematuria, hematemesis, hemoptysis) is less likely to be due to a hemostatic abnormality than to a local cause such as neoplasm[emedicine.medscape.com] Congenital SPCA deficiency: a hitherto unrecognized coagulation defect with hemorrhage rectified by serum and serum fractions. J Clin Invest. 1951 Jun. 30(6):596-608.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Ebola Virus Disease

    Haemorrhagic symptoms may begin 4 - 5 days after onset, including hemorrhagic conjunctivitis, pharyngitis, bleeding gums, oral/lip ulceration, hematemesis, melena, hematuria[phac-aspc.gc.ca] The patient’s condition continued to worsen, and she experienced hematemesis and vaginal bleeding.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Due to the disseminated intravascular coagulation, there is bleeding from various sites producing hematemesis, hemoptysis, gastro intestinal bleeds and malena.[symptoma.com]

  • Anthrax

    […] in pharyngeal lesions with sore throat, dypshagia marked neck swelling and regional lymphadenopathy, or intestinal infection characterized by fever, severe abdominal pain[web.archive.org] Neither had abdominal pain, tenderness, diarrhea, hematemesis, melena, or other expected signs and symptoms of anthrax.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] accompanied by unspecific symptoms like fever, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain, that frequently don't raise suspicion for anthrax, but rapidly develop into hematemesis[symptoma.com]

  • Intestinal Anthrax

    Animals with pharyngeal anthrax, opened inadvertently, usually have a gelatinous cervical edema and markedly enlarged, hemorrhagic, cervical lymph nodes.[vetmed.iastate.edu] Gastrointestinal anthrax, which is very rare, causes gastrointestinal ulceration, which results in hematemesis and/or bloody diarrhea.[amboss.com] Case Presentation Case 1: A 26- year-old woman was admitted to the hospital with abdominal pain, generalized weakness, hematemesis and high-grade fever.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Tonsillitis

    GABHS pharyngitis usually occurs in children 5-15 years old. • Open-mouth breathing and muffled voice resulting from obstructive tonsillar enlargement.[entnet.org] Presentations may not be straightforward and there may be misleading histories of epistaxis, hemoptysis, hematemesis and even melena.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] . • Group A beta-hemolytic Streptococcus pyogenes (GABHS) can cause tonsillitis (“strep throat”) associated with the presence of palatal petechiae (tiny hemorrhagic spots,[entnet.org]

  • Bolivian Hemorrhagic Fever

    Petechiae, mucous membrane and conjunctival hemorrhage, hematuria, melena, and hematemesis may be indicators of a progressing hemorrhagic diathesis.[visualdx.com] In the later stages of this illness, patients may develop hemorrhagic manifestations including subconjunctival hemorrhage, epistaxis, hematemesis, melena, and hematuria, as[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patients sought treatment for fever, gingivorrhagia, petechiae, nausea, hematemesis, melena and tremors; clinical laboratory examinations showed thrombocytopenia ( 3 )[wwwnc.cdc.gov]

  • Viral Hemorrhagic Fever

    Petechiae, mucous membrane and conjunctival hemorrhage, hematuria, melena, and hematemesis may be indicators of a progressing hemorrhagic diathesis.[visualdx.com] Ecchymoses often are accompanied by hemorrhage in other locations: epistaxis, puncture sites, hematemesis, melena, and hematuria.[emedicine.medscape.com] Early signs of infection include fever, hypotension, relative bradycardia, tachypnea, conjunctivitis, and pharyngitis. Some patients may have an accompanying rash.[visualdx.com]

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