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306 Possible Causes for Hematemesis, Splenomegaly

  • Liver Cirrhosis

    We performed LS in 83 patients with massive splenomegaly ( 30 cm) secondary to portal hypertension and liver cirrhosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The child presented with complaints of malena, hematemesis and variceal bleed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Esophageal varices and splenomegaly regressed after 3 and 8 years of sustained virologic responses in cases 1 and 2, respectively.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage

    This is often due to pre-existing liver disease and splenomegaly.[geekymedics.com] […] without hematemesis or coffee ground emesis could be separated out).[doi.org] Other signs to look for are ascites and erythema (chronic liver disease) and splenomegaly and dilated abdominal wall veins (portal hypertension).[uspharmacist.com]

  • Primary Immune Deficiency Disorder

    Splenomegaly and generalized lymphadenopathy are present in many patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID).[emedicine.medscape.com] […] dysplasias Thymic defects: DiGeorge syndrome Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome: average age at diagnosis is 21 months, bleeding in the first three years of life (28% of patients have hematemesis[aafp.org] Hepatomegaly and splenomegaly may be detected in the abdomen. In infants, crusting around the anus may be a sign of chronic diarrhoea.[patient.info]

  • Portal Hypertension

    We performed LS in 83 patients with massive splenomegaly ( 30 cm) secondary to portal hypertension and liver cirrhosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 62-year-old Brazilian man who lived in endemic areas of tropical diseases had an episode of hematemesis associated with portal hypertension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] BACKGROUND Splenic arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is a rare cause of portal hypertension which may manifest with abdominal pain, diarrhea, ascites, and/or hematemesis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Portal Vein Thrombosis

    She had splenomegaly and thrombocytopenia. Investigations did not reveal any prothrombotic disorder.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] After one month of anticoagulation therapy, the patient developed severe hematemesis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Computed tomography revealed splenomegaly, a mesenteric mass measuring 3.5 cm and intra-abdominal lymphadenopathies at the hepatic hilum.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Progressive Familial Intrahepatic Cholestasis

    […] cholesterol cholelithiasis • MDR3 disease PFIC3 presents during infancy with pruritus, jaundice, pale stools, hepatomegaly, or complications of portal hypertension, such as splenomegaly[basicmedicalkey.com] He underwent a biliary diversion at 3½ years of age but subsequently died secondary to massive hematemesis.[thieme-connect.com] […] jaundice Dark urine Physical See the list below: Pruritus Scratching Cutaneous mutilation Irritability in infants Jaundice Scleral icterus Cutaneous jaundice Hepatomegaly Splenomegaly[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura

    Clinical examination revealed mucosal hemorrhages and splenomegaly.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] There is no evidence of splenomegaly on abdominal exam.[medbullets.com] […] counts are less than 50,000. 04:01 Remember, normal, lower limit, is at least 150,000, so that's pretty significant drop. 04:06 And you may have the spleen which may undergo splenomegaly[lecturio.com]

  • Wilson Disease

    She had no hepatomegaly and no splenomegaly. Breast and pubic hair development was concomitant with Tanner stage 4.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] develop and can result in signs of fulminant hepatic failure, including the following: Ascites and prominent abdominal veins Spider nevi Palmar erythema Digital clubbing Hematemesis[emedicine.medscape.com] […] of the brain, a brownish ring (Kayser-Fleischer ring) at the outer margin of the cornea caused by deposition of copper in the Descemet membrane, cirrhosis of the liver, splenomegaly[whonamedit.com]

  • Budd-Chiari Syndrome

    When imaging techniques evolved, unenhanced CT scan was performed and shows splenomegaly and a small ascites medial to the spleen (arrow).[emedicine.com] A 33-year-old man who presented with abdominal distension, hematemesis, shortness of breath was found to have liver cirrhosis, portal hypertension and Budd-Chiari Syndrome[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] features Abdominal pain Tender hepatomegaly Ascites and abdominal distention Jaundice Signs of increased perfusion of portocaval anastomoses In severe cases: ankle edema, splenomegaly[amboss.com]

  • Malaria

    Abstract We report the case of a 12-year-old child who was admitted to our Department, with 7 days' history of high fever and splenomegaly.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] to no nets and in areas of stable malaria, ITNs also had an impact on severe malaria (45% PE, 95% CI 20 to 63), parasite prevalence (13% PE), high parasitaemia (29% PE), splenomegaly[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Splenic rupture may be associated with P vivax infection secondary to splenomegaly resulting from RBC sequestration.[emedicine.com]

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