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450 Possible Causes for Hematemesis, Splenomegaly

  • Portal Hypertension

    We performed LS in 83 patients with massive splenomegaly ( 30 cm) secondary to portal hypertension and liver cirrhosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 62-year-old Brazilian man who lived in endemic areas of tropical diseases had an episode of hematemesis associated with portal hypertension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] BACKGROUND Splenic arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is a rare cause of portal hypertension which may manifest with abdominal pain, diarrhea, ascites, and/or hematemesis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Portal Vein Thrombosis

    She had splenomegaly and thrombocytopenia. Investigations did not reveal any prothrombotic disorder.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] After one month of anticoagulation therapy, the patient developed severe hematemesis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Computed tomography revealed splenomegaly, a mesenteric mass measuring 3.5 cm and intra-abdominal lymphadenopathies at the hepatic hilum.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Liver Cirrhosis

    We performed LS in 83 patients with massive splenomegaly ( 30 cm) secondary to portal hypertension and liver cirrhosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The child presented with complaints of malena, hematemesis and variceal bleed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Gastrointestinal hemorrhaging can result in hematemesis (vomiting of blood), melena (tarry stools), or hematochezia (bloody stools).[ssa.gov]

  • Wilson Disease

    She had no hepatomegaly and no splenomegaly. Breast and pubic hair development was concomitant with Tanner stage 4.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] develop and can result in signs of fulminant hepatic failure, including the following: Ascites and prominent abdominal veins Spider nevi Palmar erythema Digital clubbing Hematemesis[emedicine.medscape.com] Symptoms depend on which structures of the body are affected by copper poisoning, but can include: enlarged abdomen abdominal pain loss of appetite vomiting of blood splenomegaly[betterhealth.vic.gov.au]

  • Progressive Familial Intrahepatic Cholestasis

    […] cholesterol cholelithiasis • MDR3 disease PFIC3 presents during infancy with pruritus, jaundice, pale stools, hepatomegaly, or complications of portal hypertension, such as splenomegaly[basicmedicalkey.com] He underwent a biliary diversion at 3½ years of age but subsequently died secondary to massive hematemesis.[thieme-connect.com] […] jaundice Dark urine Physical See the list below: Pruritus Scratching Cutaneous mutilation Irritability in infants Jaundice Scleral icterus Cutaneous jaundice Hepatomegaly Splenomegaly[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Primary Immune Deficiency Disorder

    Splenomegaly and generalized lymphadenopathy are present in many patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID).[emedicine.medscape.com] […] dysplasias Thymic defects: DiGeorge syndrome Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome: average age at diagnosis is 21 months, bleeding in the first three years of life (28% of patients have hematemesis[aafp.org] Hepatomegaly and splenomegaly may be detected in the abdomen. In infants, crusting around the anus may be a sign of chronic diarrhoea.[patient.info]

  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage

    This is often due to pre-existing liver disease and splenomegaly.[geekymedics.com] Following recovery from an episode of acute rejection, the patient presented with large volume hematemesis, melena, and hemochezia (passage of fresh blood from the rectum)[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Other signs to look for are ascites and erythema (chronic liver disease) and splenomegaly and dilated abdominal wall veins (portal hypertension).[uspharmacist.com]

  • Hypersplenism

    While 38 patients displayed splenomegaly, 121 showed normal spleen volumes at 6 months after LDLT (LDLT).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The index case is a 32-year-old chronic alcoholic male presented with multiple episodes of hematemesis and melena.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Others have hematemesis due to gastroesophageal varices. Disorders Associated with Secondary Hypersplenism.[for-surgeons.com]

  • Malaria

    We report the case of a 12-year-old child who was admitted to our Department, with 7 days' history of high fever and splenomegaly.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyperreactive malarial splenomegaly (also called “tropical splenomegaly syndrome”) occurs infrequently and is attributed to an abnormal immune response to repeated malarial[cdc.gov] Symptoms and signs include fever (which may be periodic), chills, sweating, hemolytic anemia, and splenomegaly.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Schistosomiasis Japonica

    Univariate and multivariate analysis in the discovery, replicative and combined studies, suggested that durations (years), splenomegaly, serum ALB and rs10118570 were independent[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Twenty-two months after the treatment, however, the patient died from hematemesis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] reached clinical cure and 5152 (88.4 %) cases' condition having improved, which can be partially reflected in the significant decline of the proportion of hepatomegaly (splenomegaly[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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