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495 Possible Causes for Hematemesis, Sudden Death

  • Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation

    Hemorrhage into the central nervous system may cause acute onset of neurological dysfunction or sudden death.[] References: [3] [4] Clinical features Bleeding manifestations Petechiae , purpura , ecchymoses Oozing of blood from surgical wounds, intravenous lines Hematuria Hematemesis[]

  • Esophageal Varices

    PROGNOSIS AND TREATMENT CHARACTERIZATION PROGNOSTIC FACTORS SUDDEN DEATH Esophageal variceal hemorrhage presenting as sudden death in outpatients. Tsokos M, Turk EE.[] We herein report a case of a 50-year-old male with hematemesis due to the rupture from esophageal varices coexisting with multiple liver tumors metastasizing from sigmoid[] A 46-year-old woman presented with massive hematemesis, caused by the rupture of esophageal varices.[]

  • Salicylate Poisoning

    […] cause seizures, cerebral oedema and death.[] GI: Nausea Vomiting Epigastric pain Hematemesis Pulmonary: Tachypnea Noncardiogenic pulmonary edema CNS: Tinnitus Deafness Delirium Seizures Coma In suspected overdose settings[] Other manifestations of salicylate poisoning may include hyperthermia, acute renal failure, rhabdomyolysis, hematemesis, hypokalemia, hyponatremia, hypernatremia, hypocalcemia[]

  • Mallory-Weiss Syndrome

    , unexpected death.[] […] present here a case of sudden onset of wretching and vomiting after IV infusion of cis-platinum for recurrent carcinoma of the uterine cervix in which the patient had profuse hematemesis[] We report on a patient with moderate hemophilia A (factor VIII:C 4-11%) who suffered from massive hematemesis, melaena and evolving shock after excessive alcohol ingestion[]

  • Upper Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage

    All of the emergency department visits by children ages 0 to 18 years who presented with hematemesis between 2000 and 2007 were reviewed.[] The clinical presentation features primarily hematemesis, melena, and epigastric pain.[] A unique case of hematemesis is presented.[]

  • Mercury Poisoning

    Sensitivity reactions to these diuretics may cause asthma, hives, other skin lesions, and sudden death.[] A 26-year-old woman ingested 0.9 g of mercuric chloride in a suicide attempt and developed hematemesis, melena and acute renal failure. Anuria persisted for 14 days.[]

  • Acute Fatty Liver of Pregnancy

    Women or couples with known defects in fatty acid oxidation and women with a history of previous liver disease during pregnancy or sudden death of a child within the first[] Maternal complication included hepatic encephalopathy (6 cases), ascites (6), hypoglycemia (5), hematemesis (2), and postpartum hemorrhage (5) and preeclampsia (4).[] Children with this deficiency have hypoglycemia, coma, and abnormal liver enzymes or sudden death which cannot find the cause.[]

  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage

    death associated with cocaine.[] Following recovery from an episode of acute rejection, the patient presented with large volume hematemesis, melena, and hemochezia (passage of fresh blood from the rectum)[] We report the case of a 61-year-old woman, who was admitted to our institution with hematemesis and melena.[]

  • Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm

    Clinical presentations of TAADs are different, from no symptom to aortic insufficiency that may result in sudden death.[] A 74-year-old man presented with hematemesis and consciousness loss. He had a long-term history of hypertension and gout.[] The primary end point was a composite of aortic dissection/rupture and sudden death.[]

  • Warfarin

    To our knowledge, our patient is the only case of "sudden death" reported with spontaneous epiglottic hematoma due to high blood concentration of warfarin.[] ., intracranial hemorrhage, gastrointestinal (GI) bleed, hematemesis, intraocular bleeding, hemarthrosis) can occur at virtually any site on the body.[] Risk of thromboembolism in heart failure: an analysis from the Sudden Cardiac Death in Heart Failure Trial (SCD-HeFT). Circulation 2007 ;115: 2637 - 2641 14.[]

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