Create issue ticket

374 Possible Causes for Hemiparesis, MRI Scan of the Brain Abnormal, Nystagmus

  • Stroke

    SSEH presenting as a hemiparesis is less common and in such situations, it can be mistaken for a cerebrovascular accident (CVA).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The first patient (female, 50 years old) had dysarthria, nystagmus and trunk ataxia on admission. Her blood alcohol level was 2.3‰.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] to identify abnormalities in the brain arteries (such as aneurysms) or other sources of bleeding, and structural MRI if this shows no cause.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    During the course of illness, the patient had an acute cerebral hemorrhage, which manifested with hemiparesis, dysarthria, and pathologic crying.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The symptomatology of the cases with saltatory evolution had subacute onset, in 1-3 days, with hypotonia, nystagmus and posture disorders.[medichub.ro] MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) can detect abnormal blood vessels, underlying tumors, and some aneurysms.[healthcommunities.com]

  • Cerebral Embolism

    However, the patient then developed fever, dyspnea, and subsequent right hemiparesis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] There was no gaze preference or nystagmus. Corneal reflexes were intact. The right nasolabial fold was flattened, and right eye closure was decreased.[pediatrics.aappublications.org] Posterior cerebral artery Monocular loss of vision (amaurosis) Ophthalmic artery (a branch of the internal carotid artery) Unilateral or bilateral cranial nerve deficits (eg, nystagmus[merckmanuals.com]

  • Brain Abscess

    The patient presented with right-sided homonymous hemianopsia and right hemiparesis. Emergent surgical drainage was performed and antibiotics were administered.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient may also have spontaneous nystagmus. Dysdiadokinesis is also positive in these patients.[sites.google.com] MRI has higher resolution and can show early abnormalities better than CT.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    A severe and sudden left-sided sensorimotor hemiparesis occurred 1 year later.[doi.org] Upbeat nystagmus was observed in all MS patients with trigeminal REZ lesions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cunningham, A 17-Year-Old Girl With Acute Onset of Hemiparesis, Pediatric Emergency Care, 32, 6, (388), (2016).[oadoi.org]

  • Marchiafava Bignami Disease

    […] mimicking conditions were differentiated from MBD by the occurrence of solitary and rapidly disappearing splenial lesions; fewer signs and symptoms with exception of seizures, hemiparesis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Some present with psychiatric disturbances like dementia, others with more or less severe neurologic impairment, like gait disturbances, seizures, hemiparesis or tetraparesis[symptoma.com] […] differentiated from MBD by the occurrence of solitary and rapidly disappearing splenial lesions; fewer signs and symptoms with exception of seizures, hemiparesis and tetraparesis; nystagmus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Lupus Encephalitis

    The authors describe three young women with systemic lupus erythematosus and hemiparesis who had major cerebral artery stenosis or occlusion documened by angiography.[glosbe.com] […] report a 28-year-old patient with systemic lupus erythematosus who had persistent fever for 3 months, and developed within a few hours motor and sensory aphasia, rotator nystagmus[link.springer.com] These results indicated that WMHs were the most prevalent abnormalities on brain MRI scans in this study.[lupus.bmj.com]

  • Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

    She recovered and could speak short sentences, but dysphasia and right hemiparesis remained.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Following mild upper respiratory infection, aphtous stomatitis and dizziness, horizontal nystagmus was noted in the primary eye position and he was sent to the ENT clinic[jstage.jst.go.jp] Twelve patients (60%) had temporal lobe involvement, four patients (20%) had pure temporal lobe involvement and five patients (25%) had normal CT/MRI scans.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Listerial Meningitis

    Neurological abnormalities identified were cranial nerve palsies in 2 (6.4%) and hemiparesis in 3 (9.6%). No patients had hearing impairment.[bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com] Symptoms such as ataxia, nystagmus, vertigo, facial numbness, dysphagia , persistent hiccuping , and respiratory failure ( 41%) may be present 3 .[radiopaedia.org] Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is more sensitive than CT scan for the detection of Listeria lesions in the cerebellum, brain stem and cortex.[path.upmc.edu]

  • Homocystinuria

    A previously healthy girl, age 3 years 9 months, presented with right-sided hemiparesis and seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Other findings included peripheral retinopathy (8/12 [67%]), nystagmus (8/12 [67%]), strabismus (5/12 [42%]), and optic atrophy (6/12 [50%]).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cerebral atrophy and bilateral hyperintensity in the deep white matter were visible in MRI scans of the patients' brains; those were significant findings in the three patients[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Similar symptoms