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165 Possible Causes for Hemopericardium, Sudden Death

  • Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation

    Hemorrhage into the central nervous system may cause acute onset of neurological dysfunction or sudden death.[] Although there was no overt hemorrhage, the acute anemia probably resulted from a combination of hemolysis, hemopericardium, and gastrointestinal bleeding (positive fecal[]

  • Aortic Dissection

    We report sudden death in a patient diagnosed with AAAD and in whom critical care ultrasound highly indicated hemorrhagic cardiac tamponade.[] At the time of surgery, he was in cardiogenic shock from aortic dissection complicated by severe aortic regurgitation and cardiac tamponade with hemopericardium.[] The findings indicate a second treatment option for Marfan patients, who are at high risk of sudden death from tears in the aorta.[]

  • Pulmonary Embolism

    We present an unusual case of sudden death owing to acute pulmonary embolism after undergoing total extraperitoneal inguinal hernia repair.[] The present case is interesting because a non-thrombotic pulmonary embolism rarely results in sudden death, and a definitive diagnosis was possible only by a histopathological[] Pulmonary embolism (PE) is often misdiagnosed, or the diagnosis is delayed because of its diverse clinical manifestations, it may even remain asymptomatic until sudden death[]

  • Cardiac Tamponade

    Spontaneous coronary artery rupture is a rare disorder that may develop early into a sudden death due to the abrupt evolution of the associated cardiac tamponade.[] Medical therapy was continued after the hemopericardium was aspirated. The patient remained asymptomatic 3 years after hospital discharge.[] Compression of heart from pericardial effusion or hemopericardium.[]

  • Warfarin

    To our knowledge, our patient is the only case of "sudden death" reported with spontaneous epiglottic hematoma due to high blood concentration of warfarin.[] Only 10 cases of hemopericardium attributable to warfarin have previously been reported.[] Risk of thromboembolism in heart failure: an analysis from the Sudden Cardiac Death in Heart Failure Trial (SCD-HeFT). Circulation 2007 ;115: 2637 - 2641 14.[]

  • Acute Pericarditis

    In sudden cardiac death the focus is on heart function. This means that actual death and sudden cardiac death is not, by definition, the same thing.[] In acute massive hemopericardium, the time is insufficient for defibrination to occur.[] […] acute pericarditis I30.9 Acute pericarditis, unspecified I31 Other diseases of pericardium I31.0 Chronic adhesive pericarditis I31.1 Chronic constrictive pericarditis I31.2 Hemopericardium[]

  • Cystic Medial Necrosis of the Aorta

    Pathology of Sudden Cardiac Death provides a comprehensivereview of cardiovascular disorders.[] Symptoms from rupture include pain, hemopericardium (ascending aortic aneurysms), and hemothorax (descending aneurysms).[] Ninety-four percent of the known causes of death were related to the cardiovascular system; 65% were the result of aortic dissection or rupture or sudden death.[]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    death.[] We report an autopsy case of hemopericardium caused by rupture of a ventricular aneurysm associated with acute myocarditis in an infant boy aged 2 years and 10 months.[] The clinical course, however, varies from asymptomatic to sudden cardiac death.[]

  • Rhabdomyoma of the Myocardium

    Discussion Rhabdomyomas are frequently located in the left ventricle ( 7 ) and may cause sudden death in infants ( 8 ).[] […] microscopic Heart, remote myocardial infarction, low power microscopic Heart, remote myocardial infarction, gross Heart, transmural myocardial infarction with rupture and hemopericardium[] Sudden death has been reported in 66% of pediatric patients. 47 This is thought to result from acute rupture into the pericardial space, causing sudden cardiac tamponade,[]

  • Scurvy

    Sudden death in infants with scurvy. J Pediatr 1942 ; 20 : 347-351. 39. Ahmad K. Scurvy outbreak in Afghanistan prompts food aid concerns. Lancet 2002 ; 359 : 1044. 40.[] ., hemopericardium or cerebral hemorrhage) or sepsis. Are additional laboratory studies available; even some that are not widely available? How can scurvy be prevented?[]

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