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77 Possible Causes for Hepatojugular Reflux

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    reflux · Weight loss 4.5 kg in 5 days in response to treatment Minor criteria: · Bilateral ankle edema · Nocturnal cough · Dyspnea on ordinary exertion · Hepatomegaly · Pleural[] reflux The minor criteria include: Pedal edema Night cough Dyspnea on exertion Hepatomegaly Pleural effusion Tachycardia Vital capacity reduced by at least one third of normal[] Radiographic cardiomegaly (increasing heart size on chest radiography) · Acute pulmonary edema · S3 gallop · Increased central venous pressure ( 16 cm H2O at right atrium) · Hepatojugular[]

  • Cor Pulmonale

    Physical exam shows barrel shaped chest, inspiratory crackles, hepatojugular reflux, pulsus paradoxus, and ventricular gallop.[] Increased right atrial pressures may lead to dependent edema, hepatojugular reflux, and ascites.[] Hepatojugular reflux and pulsatile liver are signs of RV failure with systemic venous congestion. In severe disease, ascites can also be present.[]

  • Chronic Right-Sided Congestive Heart Failure

    The fluid status is checked by jugular venous pressure, which usually gets accentuated by the hepatojugular reflux.[]

  • Central Venous Pressure Increased

    Enhanced by the hepatojugular reflux (see below).[] Evaluation of JVP Level Waveform Respiratory variation in level and wave pattern Hepatojugular reflux Venous hum Liver size and pulsations Technique of measuring JVP 1) Position[] Hepatojugular reflux (abdominojugular reflux sign) [ 4 ] This can help to confirm that the pulsation is caused by the JVP.[]

  • Recurrent Pulmonary Embolism

    OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a life-threatening manifestation of venous thromboembolism with a high recurrence rate after anticoagulation cessation. Recently, we have reported that prothrombotic clot phenotype in venous thromboembolism patients is associated with an increased risk of recurrent deep-vein[…][]

  • Acute Massive Pulmonary Embolism

    OBJECTIVE: To assess the in-hospital clinical course and the long-term evolution of acute massive pulmonary embolism after thrombolytic therapy and to identify predictors of adverse clinical outcome. METHODS: A total of 260 patients hospitalized from January 1989 to October 1998 were retrospectively reviewed and[…][]

  • Pericardial Effusion

    reflux Tachypnea Decreased breath sounds Ewart sign: Dullness to percussion beneath the angle of left scapula Hepatosplenomegaly Weakened peripheral pulses, edema, and cyanosis[] […] following: Classic Beck triad of pericardial tamponade: Hypotension, muffled heart sounds, jugular venous distention Pulsus paradoxus Pericardial friction rub Tachycardia Hepatojugular[]

  • Cardiac Cirrhosis

    Further distention of neck veins may be elicited with application of pressure over the right upper quadrant for as long as 1 minute (ie, hepatojugular reflux).[] Heart failure (heart cirrhosis): oedema, dyspnoea, fatigue, anorexia, dilated jugulars (jugular ingurgitation), coughing, hepatojugular reflux, heart murmurs and an enlarged[]

  • Cardiogenic Shock

    Refeeding syndrome occurs when reinstating nutrition to severely malnourished patients. It can sometimes be fatal, particularly as a result of cardiac involvement such as congestive heart failure and arrhythmias. The aim of this study was to report a case of cardiogenic shock that occurred during refeeding in a[…][]

  • Chronic Constrictive Pericarditis

    Hepatojugular reflux may be observed. Fluid (and hence signs) usually develop slowly with cardiac tamponade developing late as a complication.[] Patients present with findings of right-sided heart failure, including peripheral edema, jugular venous distension, hepatojugular reflux, hepatomegaly, and ascites.[]

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