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778 Possible Causes for Hepatojugular Reflux, Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness, Pleural Effusion on Chest X-Ray

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    The daily dosage was adjusted on the basis of the patient's clinical response and her follow-up chest x-ray studies.[] reflux · Weight loss 4.5 kg in 5 days in response to treatment Minor criteria: · Bilateral ankle edema · Nocturnal cough · Dyspnea on ordinary exertion · Hepatomegaly · Pleural[] Testing may include a chest x-ray to look for cardiomegaly (an enlarged heart), pulmonary edema (fluid in the lungs), or pleural effusion (collection of fluid around the lungs[]

  • Pericardial Effusion

    Radiologic examinations were carried out, and the computed tomography scan revealed a hepatomegaly and a chest X-ray showed evidence of a unilateral pleural effusion.[] Considerable amounts of pericardial fluid may muffle heart sounds, increase the area of cardiac dullness, and change the size and shape of the cardiac silhouette.[] reflux Tachypnea Decreased breath sounds Ewart sign: Dullness to percussion beneath the angle of left scapula Hepatosplenomegaly Weakened peripheral pulses, edema, and cyanosis[]

  • Cardiac Tamponade

    […] her chest X-ray.[] 内容紹介 Summary Here we report the case of an 88-year-old female with serious respiratory discomfort who exhibited significant heart enlargement and left pleural effusion in[]

  • Chronic Right-Sided Congestive Heart Failure

    On the left another patient with a large cardiac silhouette on the chest x-ray due to pericardial effusion.[] The fluid status is checked by jugular venous pressure, which usually gets accentuated by the hepatojugular reflux.[] Marked hepatojugular reflux due to hepatic congestion. Hepatomegaly liver pulsatility if there is significant associated tricuspid regurgitation.[]

    Missing: Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness
  • Chronic Constrictive Pericarditis

    X-Ray - pericardial calcification (common but not specific), pleural effusions are common findings. [9] Echocardiography - the principal echographic finding is changes in[] Hepatojugular reflux may be observed. Fluid (and hence signs) usually develop slowly with cardiac tamponade developing late as a complication.[] Patients present with findings of right-sided heart failure, including peripheral edema, jugular venous distension, hepatojugular reflux, hepatomegaly, and ascites.[]

    Missing: Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness
  • Cardiomyopathy

    In patients with congestive heart failure, chest x-ray will show signs of congestion, an enlarged cardiac silhouette and possibly pleural effusions ( Figure 3 ).[]

    Missing: Hepatojugular Reflux
  • Heart Disease

    Abstract We report an unusual case, a 50 year old female with an abnormal right coronary artery originating from the left coronary cusp. The patient, who had a history of hypertension presented with chest pain and shortness of breath to the emergency department. She was diagnosed with ischaemic heart disease[…][]

    Missing: Pleural Effusion on Chest X-Ray
  • Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy

    Blood tests will show signs of liver injury and confirm alcohol abuse, while chest X-ray shows pulmonary congestion, cardiomegaly and pleural effusions.[] Prazak et al. (10) found that NYHA functional class III to IV, hepatojugular reflux, and use of diuretics were markers of fatal outcome, whereas Fauchier et al. (8) found[] reflux and congestion.[]

  • Mallory-Weiss Syndrome

    Spontaneous esophageal rupture (Boerhaave syndrome) is a rare, though frequently fatal, event. It is generally caused by a sudden increase in pressure inside the esophagus. In some cases, full-thickness perforations of the esophagus may develop from previous lesions that initially involve only the esophageal[…][]

    Missing: Hepatojugular Reflux
  • Acute Massive Pulmonary Embolism

    […] and specificity of chest x-ray signs 1 : Westermark sign sensitivity: 14% specificity: 92% positive predictive value: 38% negative predictive value: 76% vascular redistribution[] 20%) Hampton hump : peripheral wedge of airspace opacity and implies lung infarction (20%) Westermark sign : regional oligaemia and highest positive predictive value (10%) pleural[] effusion (35%) knuckle sign 11 Palla sign 17 : enlarged right descending pulmonary artery Chang sign 18 : dilated right descending pulmonary artery with sudden cut-off Sensitivity[]

    Missing: Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness

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