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28 Possible Causes for Hepatomegaly, Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness, Sudden Death

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Additional symptoms may include fluid collection in the abdomen (ascites) and feet due to accumulation of fluid, congestion of the lungs, and an abnormally large liver (hepatomegaly[rarediseases.org] A thorough family history of juvenile sudden death, ventricular arrhythmias and ICD implants should always be sought.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] muffled heart sounds 41 with a third heart sound, 13,41 a mitral regurgitation murmur 13,41 or signs of pulmonary congestion. 13 Signs of systemic venous congestion including hepatomegaly[revportcardiol.org]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Cardiac examination at the age of 6 years revealed constrictive pericarditis with significant elevation of atrial filling pressures, consecutive hepatomegaly, and protein[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The basic pharmacology of PDE inhibitors is presented and the use of PDE-3 inhibitors for the treatment of heart failure causing an increase in sudden death is also reviewed[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Right upper quadrant sonogram revealed hepatomegaly of 15 cm, trace amount of perihepatic ascites, pericholecystic fluid, and also thickened edematous gallbladder wall with[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cardiac Tamponade

    Other signs of cardiac tamponade includes dyspnea, tachypnea, hepatomegaly, paradoxical pulses, and dysphoria.[symptoma.com] We report sudden death in a patient diagnosed with AAAD and in whom critical care ultrasound highly indicated hemorrhagic cardiac tamponade.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical presentation ranges from chest pain alone to ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction, ventricular fibrillation, and sudden death.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy

    Jugular venous distention, peripheral edema, and hepatomegaly are evidence of elevated right heart pressures and right ventricular dysfunction.[emedicine.com] The frequency of alcoholic cardiomyopathy among victims of sudden death suggests that alcoholic cardiomyopathy is a risk factor for sudden cardiac death.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract The morphologic features of alcoholic cardiomyopathy in human sudden death compared with those of experimental alcoholic cardiomyopathy (6 weeks of alcohol administration[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pericardial Effusion

    Radiologic examinations were carried out, and the computed tomography scan revealed a hepatomegaly and a chest X-ray showed evidence of a unilateral pleural effusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Considerable amounts of pericardial fluid may muffle heart sounds, increase the area of cardiac dullness, and change the size and shape of the cardiac silhouette.[merckmanuals.com] Presenting symptoms include heart failure, arrhythmias, sudden death, cyanosis and chest pain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Aortic Valve Stenosis

    Rarely, right ventricular failure with systemic venous congestion, hepatomegaly, and edema precede LV failure.[emedicine.medscape.com] death. 1,4–6 Several studies have attempted to ascertain the risk of sudden death in the population of asymptomatic patients with severe aortic stenosis.[doi.org] […] an S3 or S4 gallop, the irregular rhythm of atrial fibrillation, an enlarged and laterally displaced point of maximal impulse, pulmonary rales, jugular venous distention, hepatomegaly[doi.org]

  • Suppurative Pericarditis

    […] jugular vein engorgement; audible, rhythmic and tachycardic heart sounds; no pericardial rub, rhonchi and crepitus in both lungs; subcostal and suprasternal retractions; no hepatomegaly[revistas.unal.edu.co] Patients with large pericardial effusions have an area of increased dullness at the base of the heart in addition to generalized enlargement of the area of cardiac dullness[tele.med.ru] Here sudden rupture of an amoebic liver abscess into the pericardium may result in a very severe shock and death within hours.[bhj.org.in]

  • Malignant Pericardial Effusion

    Problems Fever – low grade 15 days B/L pleural effusion more on Left side Pericardial Effusion Ascites Hepatomegaly On ATT. 9.[slideshare.net] If the tamponade develops acutely as a complication of an acute MI (free wall rupture) or trauma, the presentation is usually catastrophic, with shock or sudden death.[clevelandclinicmeded.com] […] echoes and CMD maintained with PCS - normal Uterus, Ovaries ,Bladder - normal study Ascites present Para aortic area – obscured B/L pleural effusion present Impression : Hepatomegaly[slideshare.net]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    The abdominal exam revealed hepatomegaly. The extremities displayed cyanosis and poor perfusion, with no edema.[revportcardiol.org] The patient presented with sudden arrhythmic death and survived with permanent anoxic brain injury.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] She also had tender hepatomegaly and free fluid in the abdomen. Her oxygen saturation was 85% on pulse oximetry.[doi.org]

  • Primary Cardiomyopathy

    Additional symptoms may include fluid collection in the abdomen (ascites) and feet due to accumulation of fluid, congestion of the lungs, and an abnormally large liver (hepatomegaly[rarediseases.org] death, Cardiomegaly Functional AV valve regurgitation S3 and/or S4 Exertional dyspnea, angina, syncope, sudden death Systolic murmur mitral regurgitation murmur, S4 Bifid[msdmanuals.com] Clinically overt hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the most common cause of sudden unexpected death in childhood.[patient.info]

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