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242 Possible Causes for Hepatomegaly, Increased Echogenicity

  • Congenital Hepatic Fibrosis

    Hepatomegaly was present in all patients and splenomegaly in all but one.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Renal ultrasound examination shows normal size or small kidneys with increased echogenicity. In rare cases of infantile NPHP, kidney size may be enlarged.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The age at presentation ranged from 1.8-14 years (mean: 7.5 years); clinical manifestations at diagnosis were splenomegaly (12), hepatomegaly (11), failure to thrive (10),[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Glycogen Storage Disease

    They were ultimately found to have hepatomegaly, fasting hypoglycemia, mild elevation of transaminases and ketosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hepatomegaly is seen in the hepatic subtypes 2 along with increased echogenicity (US) and density (CT) 3 .[radiopaedia.org] Hepatomegaly is seen in the hepatic subtypes 2 along with increased echogenicity (US) and density (CT) 3.[radiopaedia.org]

  • Glycogen Storage Disease Type 3

    Hepatomegaly and growth retardation are other common features.[symptoma.com] Hepatomegaly is seen in the hepatic subtypes 2 along with increased echogenicity (US) and density (CT) 3 .[radiopaedia.org] GSD III is characterized by fasting hypoglycemia, hepatomegaly, growth retardation, progressive myopathy, and cardiomyopathy due to storage of abnormally structured glycogen[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Glycogen Storage Disease Type 4

    Patients can be given appropriate diet to reduce hepatomegaly and cirrhosis and complications can be delayed.[symptoma.com] Hepatomegaly is seen in the hepatic subtypes 2 along with increased echogenicity (US) and density (CT) 3.[radiopaedia.org] Glycogen accumulation in the liver leads to hepatomegaly and interferes with liver functioning.[ghr.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Clonorchiasis

    Symptoms include fever, chills, epigastric pain, tender hepatomegaly, diarrhea, and mild jaundice.[omicsonline.org] Sonography showed intrahepatic bile duct dilatation (IHDD) in 68.4% of the subjects, increased periductal echogenicity (IPDE) in 24.5%, and gallbladder sludge (GBS) in 20.8%[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Besides direct demonstration of worms, increased periductal echogenicity on sonography and periductal enhancement on dynamic contrast-enhanced CT or MR imaging possibly represent[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Zellweger Syndrome

    Liver disease was evident from hepatomegaly and elevated serum liver enzymes and bilirubin.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Increased echogenicity of fetal bowel in the second trimester obstetrical ultrasound has been described in association with several pathologic conditions, such as growth restriction[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] and 9% of control fibroblast dihydroxyacetone phosphate acyltransferase activity, and one with mild facial manifestations, wide sutures, hypotonia, developmental delay, hepatomegaly[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Glycogen Storage Disease Type 2

    Hepatomegaly is seen in the hepatic subtypes 2 along with increased echogenicity (US) and density (CT) 3.[radiopaedia.org] Patients have also organomegaly (hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, macroglossia) and feeding difficulties.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Later onset forms are characterized by skeletal muscle weakness, respiratory insufficiency and hepatomegaly. Cardiac involvement is usually absent or mild.[genedx.com]

  • Hepatic Veno-Occlusive Disease

    […] left portal vein (peak velocity, direction), left hepatic artery (peak-systolic/end-diastolic velocities, resistive index), middle hepatic vein (peak velocity, phasicity), hepatomegaly[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The liver is usually enlarged but maintained normal echogenicity.[en.wikipedia.org] […] veno-occlusive disease (VOD) , also known as sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS), is a condition arising from occlusion of hepatic venules. right upper quadrant pain painful hepatomegaly[radiopaedia.org]

  • Fatty Liver

    Furthermore, these cases of hepatomegaly and fatty liver have been also in the context of concomitant extrahepatic side effects.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ultrasound findings are those of hepatic steatosis, with increased echogenicity and coarsened echotexture of the liver (see also: grading of diffuse hepatic steatosis ) if[radiopaedia.org] Ultrasonography reveals a "bright" liver with increased echogenicity.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Hepatic Vein Thrombosis

    Parenchymal changes seen in patients with diffuse liver disease and cirrhosis include surface nodularity, increased echogenicity, coarsened echotexture, and a high caudate-to-right[e-ultrasonography.org] Eight group II patients (asymptomatic patients) had no ascites, hepatomegaly, or abdominal pain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract A 22-year-old female with active ulcerative colitis developed massive ascites, hypoalbuminemia, and hepatomegaly compatible with thrombosis of the hepatic veins.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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